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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... there while the aircraft was on the ground. But if it was on the floor between waste towel unit and toilet bowl, it could have been placed there only shortly before the explosion. (In such a location, a strange package would be readily noted if it had been there from the start of the flight.) One...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... as desired. The designer should visualize the mold being filled, and the part being ejected, assembled, handled, packaged, and so on, to gain a clear mental image of the part prior to beginning the CAD development. The details of the part will certainly change as the CAD development commences, but having...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Polymer materials are key building blocks of the modern world, commonly used in packaging, automobiles, building materials, electronics, telecommunications, and many other industries. These commercial applications of polymeric materials would not be possible without the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... atoms ( Fig. 4 ). Other common hydrocarbon polymers ( Fig. 13 ) have more complex mer structures than PE. For example, a slightly more complex mer unit is found in PP, which is used as a commodity thermoplastic in items such as medicine bottles, syringes, textile fibers, and packaging films...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... is that individual fibers may be lost during use (especially while being washed/dried in the laundry cycle) and are carried away in effluent waste streams. This phenomenon is responsible for the majority of microplastics pollution in the environment. Thermoforming Thermoforming converts extruded plastic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... effects are of significant concern in failure analysis and prevention. Microbially induced corrosion problems afflict water-handling operations and manufacturing processes in oil and gas production, pipelining, refining, petrochemical synthesis, power production, fermentation, waste water treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to failure investigation. There is always a predominant or “pet” root cause. Resist the urge to spend all the time, money, and manpower to prove this one root cause. If wrong, the investigator has wasted time and money and perhaps destroyed any evidence that would prove or disprove the other root causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... As the leader of the failure analysis team, the engineer must notice if either nothing is getting done or the failure analysis is spinning out of control. If this happens, it is time to regroup, because the team is wasting time and effort. If this happens and you, as the team leader, do not address...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... around the site for later analysis. Natural chemicals present in soil, cleaning and maintenance supplies, deicing salts, industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals, and animal waste residues have all been found to contribute to environmental failures. A supply of clear plastic bottles, plastic bags...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the qualified labs/personnel to implement the procedures. Other materials may need to be collected around the site for later analysis. Natural chemicals present in soil, cleaning and maintenance supplies, deicing salts, industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals, and animal waste residues have all been...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as inputs and produces hot water as an output; flue gases and heat leakage are also produced as waste outputs. The water temperature is regulated by the controller opening and closing the main gas valve (labeled stop valve) when the temperature of the water in the tank goes outside the preset limits of 60...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is an important source of information that is often neglected by designers. Many companies scrap their successful durability test specimens. This is a waste of a valuable resource, especially during prototyping and preproduction, when little is known about the population of a particular part number. A “test pass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The root cause of this failure was a deficient design specification, not the component failures themselves. The result was an enormous waste of effort, money, and materials, as well as the bankruptcy of the original vertical lift unit manufacturer. Conceptual Design Once the problem is defined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... ( Ref 42 ). Addition of solid lubricants reduces the rate of attrition and subsequent replacement of the adhesive junction at the contact zone during adhesive wear. Self-lubricating particles have advantages over external lubricants, such as elimination of oil waste, which is more environmentally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Lean Six Sigma. Lean manufacturing focuses on process improvement and value-added operations to enhance productivity and reduce waste of all kinds. The most positive result of these new management systems is that organizations have responded to the higher expectations of consumers and users...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... without forethought may destroy important evidence and waste time. Some of the questions that should be raised concerning the nature, history, functions, and properties of the fractured part, and the manner in which it interacts with other parts, are: Loading. Were the nature, rate, and magnitude...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and dividing the angle in two parts Fillet vein A 120 Metallic projections in the form of fins with change in principal casting dimensions A 123 (a) Formation of fins in planes related to direction of mold assembly (precision casting with waste pattern); principal casting dimensions change...