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universal rolling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Conshohocken, PA , 2013 , p 259 – 271 10.1520/STP158020140070 4. Johnson K.L. , Contact Mechanics , Cambridge University Press , New York, NY , 1985 5. Zaretsky E.V. , “ Rolling Bearing Life Prediction, Theory, and Application ,” NASA/TP-2013-215305/REV1, NASA Glenn Research...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... , No. 2 , April 1997 . 5. Commander Edward C. Raymer, USN (Ret.) , Descent into Darkness , Presidio Press , Novato, CA , 1988 . 6. Sauver Albert , The Metallography and Heat Treatment of Iron and Steel , Harvard University , Cambridge, Mass. , July 18 , 1915 . 7. Cook...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... K.L. , Contact Mechanics ( Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 1985 ) 20. Gai B. , Elastic Mechanic ( Harbin Institute of Technology Press , Harbin , 2009 ) 21. Dou P. , Li Y. et al. , Finite element analysis of contact stresses on the backup roll of CVC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... thread rolling. The result of this channeling of dislocations is a faceted fracture appearance as observed in some locations on the shear bands of the fractured pins ( Figure 3 ). The shear bands form during the rolling of the pin threads. Titanium alloys are known to have a high propensity for shear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... subjected to sinusoidal load fluctuations at 6.7 Hz in air, 3% NaCl solution, and natural sea water are described. Reinforcement types studied included: hot-rolled mild steel bar, hot-rolled alloyed high strength bar, cold-worked high strength bar, galvanized bar of all these three types, nickel-clad bar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... University , Canada, private communication, May 2005 . 11. Birk A.M. and Cunningham M.H. : “ A Medium-Scale Experimental Study of the Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE) ,” TP 11995E, Transport Canada, 1994 . 12. Birk A.M. and Cunningham M.H. : “ Liquid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... is beneficial to the performance of cartwheel. Dynamic fracture toughness Fatigue property Performance evaluation Railroad wheels Static mechanical property Fe-0.55C-0.73Mn Fe-0.60C-0.85Mn Fe-0.5C-0.7Mn Rolling-contact wear Spalling wear Fatigue fracture 1. Introduction 2. Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Wear: Wear, Frettage, Pitting, Cavitation, Corrosion , University of Michigan Press , 1961 10.3998/mpub.9690186 6. Harris T.A. , Rolling Bearing Analysis , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , New York, NY , 1991 , ISBN 0-471-51349-0 7. Sachs N.W. , Practical Plant Failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... evidence of having been melted and re-solidified (sometimes along grain boundaries) at some point after hot rolling of the forging blanks. The evidence indicated that the cracks arose as a result of overheating of the blanks before forging, exacerbated by the deformation heating developed in the highly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... crack propagation fractography metals microscale models root-cause failure analysis specimen preparation void coalescence void nucleation THE CONCEPT OF DUCTILE AND BRITTLE BEHAVIOR generally applies to the macroscopic scale. However, there is no universally accepted transition point from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Useful accuracy and clearance standards and how they can be measured Table 1 Useful accuracy and clearance standards and how they can be measured Structure type Rolling-element type Abbreviation Standard(s) Symbols, measuring tools, and techniques Radial Balls DGBB...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Metals,” J. Inst. Met. (London) , Vol. 37 , pp. 215 – 221 ( 1927 ). 7. Hough R. R. and Rolls R. , “The High-Temperature Tensile Creep Behavior of Notched Pure Iron Embrittled by Liquid Copper,” Scripta Metallurgica , Vol. 4 , pp. 17 – 23 ( 1970 ). 10.1016/0036-9748(70)90136-5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Machine Roll Vibration Case #14: Drag Line Case #15: Sound and Vibration from Pulse Furnaces Case #1: High Vibration on a High Pressure Core Injection Pump at a Nuclear Plant Case #2: Boiler Feed Pump Alignment Change Causing Pump Failure and Turbine Pedestal Cracking Case #3: Cavitation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The component was forged, and considerable directionality (banding and fibering) existed in the material. Crack propagation from bottom to top in the photograph. Courtesy of Michael West, University of Tennessee The common observation for steels is that fracture is initiated by (relatively large) sulfide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... related to fretting wear. fretting wear impact fretting mechanical components normal load residual stress rolling-element bearings slip surface finish vibration frequency FRETTING is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., this surface exhibits beach marks. Courtesy of G.J. Fowler, Fowler Inc. Fig. 6 Schematic illustration of stress distribution associated with rolling contact of a cylindrical member (at top) against a flat surface. The maximum shear stress occurs beneath the surface and can result in subsurface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... at approximately 20 to 30° is not universally observed and is dependent on factors such as particle shape and fragmentation ( Ref 46 , 47 , 48 ). When ductile materials are impacted by spherical particles that do not fragment, the maximum erosion rate can occur at 90°. Erosion of a given material as a function...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and composition Rolling-contact fatigue appears similar to wear in early stages Multiple intergranular fissures covered with reaction scale Grain faces may show porosity Metallographic inspection, 50 to 1000× (cross section) Grain distortion and flow near fracture Irregular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition , Oxford University Press , Oxford, U.K. , 1995 25. Bishop T. , Collier R. , and Kurth R. , Statistical Analysis of ECC Bypass Data Using a Nonlinear Constrained Maximum Likelihood Estimation Technique , Nucl. Eng. Des. , Vol 64 , 1981...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... May obliterate beach marks Deformed draw marks, rolling scratches If twisted, indicates torsion loading Machining marks (normal to axis of component) Not distorted in torsion loading Variable roughness of fracture edge In brittle bending, rough side is tension side Microscale...