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universal joints

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0048592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... showed three of four bearing caps, two cap screws, and one universal-joint spider had fractured. Examination of the three fractured bearing caps and the spider showed no evidence of fatigue but showed that fracture occurred in a brittle manner. The bearing cap that was not destroyed still contained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A carbon steel ball-peen hammer ejected a chip that struck the user's eye. Failure occurred when two hammers were struck together during an attempt to free a universal joint from an automotive drive shaft. Two samples were cut from the face of the hammer one through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A tie rod, nut, and bellows from a failed 610 mm (24 in.) diam tied universal expansion joint that carried tail gases consisting of N 2 + O 2 with slight traces of nitrogen oxides and water were examined. The materials were SA 193-B7 (AISI 4140), SA 194–214, and Incoloy 800H...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... are each connected to the drive shaft with a universal joint. The speed of the driven portion of the universal joint varies through a single rotation and is controlled by the universal joint angle. For a given transmitted power, this speed variation results in an equivalent torque variation,because torque...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., is a mechanical component for transmitting torque and rotation, normally utilized to connect other components of a drive train, which cannot be connected directly because of distance or the need to allow for relative movement between them. The universal joint is used to transfer drive (power) from one shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... . 10. Anon : “ Velocity and Acceleration Analysis of Universal Joint ,” Mach. Des. , 1942 , 14 , pp. 93 – 94 . 11. Lalanne M. and Guy F. : Rotor Dynamics in Engineering , John Wiley and Sons Ltd. , 1990 10.1016/0049-3848(90)90184-e . 12. Batoz J.-L. and Gouri...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failure. 4× Investigation Visual examination of the assembly showed that three of four bearing caps, two cap screws, and one universal-joint spider had fractured. Examination of the three fractured bearing caps and the spider showed no evidence of fatigue, but showed that fracture occurred...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... 7075-T6 fasteners. (b) Typical cracked fastener head. (c) Typical head cracks produced by installing fasteners in misaligned holes during testing Fig. 3 Schematic showing the springlike effect of loading conditions on bolted joints. (a) Theoretical load condition for an elastic fastener...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... solder joint failure reveals that the universal strength of the solder joint cannot sustain loading. The failure mode of the solder joint highly depends on the loading rate and corresponding PCB/component structure design. In general, the relatively low loading rate can cause a bulk solder ductile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A storage tank had been in service at a petrochemical plant for 13 years when inspectors discovered cracks adjacent to weld joints and in the base plate near the foundation. The tank was made from AISI 304 stainless steel and held styrene monomer, a derivative of benzene...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... unexpected failure of structural members. While aircraft manufacturers have gone to great lengths to characterize the parameters affecting the performance of bolted joints, their practices do not necessarily extend to ongoing service operations. Particularly in the case of older aircraft, the original...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract In the EMD-2 Joint Directed Attack Munition (JDAM), the A357 aluminum alloy housing had been redesigned and cast via permanent mold casting, but did not meet the design strength requirements of the previous design. Mechanical tests on thick and thin sections of the forward...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... articulating surface (polyethylene is transparent to x-rays, see Fig. 1 ). Also present in the tibial tray is a U-shaped notch. This recess is needed to preserve the posterior cruciate ligament of the knee in order to maintain stability of the joint and minimize the changes in anatomy required...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... using a quantitative image analyzer. Inclusion analysis within the crack path of the fusion zone was performed using a JCXA-733 electron probe microanalyzer (JEOL Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). Tensile samples were prepared per ASTM 10 (PA 370) specification and tested on a 10 ton static universal testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and degradation. Finally, the article discusses the fatigue properties of implant materials and the fractures of total hip joint prostheses. degradation fatigue properties fractures implant deficiencies internal fixation devices orthopedic implants prosthetic implants total hip joint prostheses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Transportation Safety Board 6. Fisher J.W. , Frank K.H. , Hirt M.A. , and McNamee B.M. , “ Effect of Weldments on the Fatigue Strength of Steel Beams ,” NCHRP Report 102, Lehigh University , 1970 7. “ The Day the Golden Gate Bridge Flattened ,” Mercury News , May 23 , 2012...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., splines, couplings, clutches, spindles, and seals; in press fits on shafts; and in universal joints, base plates, shackles, and orthopedic implants. Generally, fretting occurs at contacting surfaces that are intended to be fixed in relation to each other but that actually undergo minute alternating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to be decorative, with no particular structural function. Fig. 21 Cracks were observed in the X-brace at the toes of the welds to the round member. Fig. 22 Upright supports for the handrail/guardrail were inadvertently placed on either side of the expansion joint. Fig. 23 Oil-filled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Buckley C.A. , et al. : “ Intergranular Corrosion-Fatigue Failure of Cobalt-Alloy Femoral Stems ,” J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. , 1994 , 76 ( 1 ), pp. 110 – 115 10.2106/00004623-199401000-00014 . 15. Chaodi L. , Christopher G. , et al. : “ Progressive Failure Analysis of Laminated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the Corrosion Problem , Ind. Corros. , July 1983 , p 11 – 17 13. Jiménez-Peña C. , H. Talemi R. , Rossi B. , and Debruyne D. , Investigations on the Fretting Fatigue Failure Mechanism of Bolted Joints in High Strength Steel Subjected to Different Levels of Pre-Tension , Tribol...