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ultrasonic welding

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of these cracks, which had penetrated the pipe wall, were responsible for leaks detected in a hydrostatic test performed during a general inspection after seven years of service. Investigation (visual inspection, visual and ultrasonic weld examination, water analysis, and chemical analysis) supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The AISI 1080 steel crankshaft of a large-capacity double-action stamping press broke in service and was repair welded. Shortly after the crankshaft was returned to service, the repair weld fractured. The repair-weld fracture was examined ultrasonically which revealed many...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... During a routine examination of a naphtha desulfurizer by ultrasonic shear wave techniques, evidence of severe cracking was found in five weld-joint areas ( Ref 1 ). The inspection involved stripping all the insulation from the vessel and testing all seams with a beam propagated perpendicular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0091594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... vessels in lean amine service if the temperature is expected to be above 95 deg C (200 deg F). Recommendations included inspecting all welds using shear wave ultrasonic testing and postweld heat treating all welds in lean amine service. Piping Refineries Sulfur recovery units Weldments Welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract The failure mode of through-wall cracking of a butt weld in a 5083-O aluminum alloy piping system in an ethylene plant was identified as mercury liquid metal embrittlement. As a result of this finding, 226 of the more than 400 butt welds in the system were ultrasonically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of this magnitude could be revealed by radiography or ultrasonics but it would be difficult to detect the presence of cracks in course of development from the defects. It would be more prudent to ensure that welded links of this type were free from internal cavities before being put into service. Chains...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the interior fillet welds on the surfaces of the flanges. Recommendations included using ultrasonic testing to identify the appropriate joints and then replacing them. Special attention to accuracy of fit-up in the replacement joints was also recommended to achieve smooth, notch-free contours on the interior...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... on the inside in the area of the fin tip. Cracking at the end of the fin-to-tube fillet weld was noted. The results indicate the failures were due to corrosion fatigue whose stresses were primarily thermally induced. A temporary solution included inspecting all tubes with shear-wave ultrasonics. Tubes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Cracking occurred in an ASME SB166 Inconel 600 safe-end forging on a nuclear reactor coolant water recirculation nozzle while it was in service. The safe-end was welded to a stainless-steel-clad carbon steel nozzle and a type 316 stainless steel transition metal pipe segment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... by cracks or blisters almost over its entire perimeter in agreement with the ultrasonic test results. Only the weld seam and a strip on each side of it were crack-free. Based on this investigation, the pipeline was taken out of service and reconstructed. To avoid such failures in the future, two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Three ASME SA106 grade B carbon steel feed water piping reducers from a pressurized water reactor showed indications of flaws near welds during ultrasonic testing. Further examination and testing indicated that the cracks resulted from a low-cycle corrosion fatigue phenomenon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A 460 mm (18 in.) diam suction line to the main feed water pump for a nuclear power plant failed in a violent, catastrophic manner. Samples of pipe, elbow, and weld materials (ASTM A106 grade B carbon steel, ASTM A234 grade WPB carbon steel, and E7018 carbon steel electrode...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... surface ( Figure 18 ). Fig. 18 Stress Distribution Below Fin - Note localized high stresses. Temporary remedial action included ultrasonic shear wave inspection to identify the most severely cracked tubes which were repaired by welding an oval replacement patch into the cracked area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... automated ultrasonic inspection supplemented by remote visual inspection. The inspection system provided the following capabilities: Thickness mapping Weld inspection Crack detection Flaw sizing Through-wall bleed-out Visual/photography Inspection Equipment Ultrasonic System...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Ahmad A. and Bond L.J. , Ed., ASM International , 2018 , p 292 – 321 , 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006473 25. Smith G.E. and Aschemeier U. , Back to Basics: A Guide to AWS Ultrasonic Weld Inspection , American Welding Society , 2017, https://app.aws.org/itrends/2005/01/021...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... a number of rivet holes. Fig. 8 Location of probe when ultrasonically testing for fissures at toe of seal-weld Fig. 9 Trace on cathode ray tube of ultrasonic test instrument Due to the extent and severity of the defects revealed by the ultrasonic examination it was decided...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... pass during the repair, liquid penetrant testing was carried out. No cracks on the outside surface were detected during this test. However, cracks did develop on the inside surface due to repair welding (see the section on ultrasonic testing below). In the dished end in storage (dished end 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... rapid manner without mutual polishing of the surface. The resulting shock load led to rapid failure of one of the welded joints in the other tie bar; that shown in Figure 2 . Subsequent to this mishap the corresponding welds in two other excavators of similar design were examined by ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and equipment used to develop the ultrasonic technique were used for the field inspection of the reformer furnace. Ultrasonic readings were taken on the horizontal header metal between each vertical tube and on both sides of any header welds. Over 350 readings were made. In addition, at some locations, readings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... on the fracture surface. Fig. 6 Scanning electron microscopic fractograph showing the faint horizontal striations and fine steps Discussion The pipe mill test records were reviewed. The weld was tested online at the mill by ultrasonic testing, and no defects were observed. Full-body ultrasonic...