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turbine vanes

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A turbine vane made of cast cobalt-base alloy AMS 5382 (Stellite 31; composition: Co-25.5Cr-10.5Ni-7.5W) was returned from service after an undetermined number of service hours because of crack indications on the airfoil sections. This alloy is cast by the precision investment...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 Creep damage (bowing) of a cobalt-base alloy turbine vane from overheating More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Creep crack in a turbine vane. Courtesy of Mohan Chaudhari, Columbus Metallurgical Services More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 7 (a) Photograph of turbine vane. (b) Photograph showing axial cracking at midheight of leading edge. (c) Composite optical micrograph showing leading-edge crack in cross section. Etched with Marble’s reagent. Original magnification: 100×. (d) Scanning electron micrographs showing gamma More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 22 (a) Photograph of stage 1 turbine blade. Material loss was most severe at the tip and trailing-edge airfoil. (b) Photograph of second-stage turbine vane. Note the rounded discoloration patterns, material loss at the trailing edge, and airfoil perforation (arrow). (c) Optical micrograph More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract The circumstances surrounding the in-service failure of a cast Ni-base superalloy (Alloy 713LC) second stage turbine blade and a cast and coated Co-base superalloy (MAR-M302) first stage air-cooled vane in two turbine engines used for marine application are described...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 6 Illustration of how cycling of the gas turbine generates thermal-mechanical fatigue cracking of a turbine vane More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... components. Stationary components such as combustors and turbine vanes can develop creep deformation (deflection, distortion), which can lead to decreased turbine performance and increased component degradation, although catastrophic creep failures of such components are rare. Turbine blades residing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract An AMS 4126 (7075-T6) aluminum alloy impeller from a radial inflow turbine fractured during commissioning. Initial examination showed that two adjacent vanes had fractured through airfoils in the vicinity of the vane leading edges, and one vane fractured through an airfoil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An investigation was conducted to better understand the time-dependent degradation of thermal barrier coated superalloy components in gas turbines. First-stage vanes are normally subjected to the highest gas velocities and temperatures during operation, and were thus the focus...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 20 (a) Photograph of first-stage vane ring following removal from the turbine. (b) Photograph of a vane following removal from the vane ring. (c) Optical micrograph of remnant thermal barrier coating from a hot (white) region. (d) Detail of coating interface from (c). Note the fragment More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Several compressor diaphragms from five gas turbines cracked after a short time in service. The vanes were constructed of type 403 stainless steel, and welding was performed using type 309L austenitic stainless steel filler metal. The fractures originated in the weld heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Stator vanes (cast from a Cu-Mn-Al alloy) in a hydraulic dynamometer used in a steam-turbine test facility were severely eroded. The dynamometer was designed to absorb up to 51 MW (69,000 hp) at 3670 rpm, and constituted an extrapolation of previous design practices...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the fuel and the air can lead to deposition of alkali metal sulfates on the blade or vane surfaces, resulting in hot corrosion attack [ 2 ]. Overview of Gas Turbine Engine Hot Parts The areas of the gas turbine where the temperature is the highest and which are therefore, most subject to high...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Hot corrosion attack of René 77 nickel-base alloy turbine blades. (a) Land-based, first-stage turbine blade. Notice deposit buildup, flaking, and splitting of leading edge. (b) Stationary vanes. (c) A land-based, first-stage gas turbine blade that had type 2 hot corrosion attack. (d More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... reduction in welding current to reduce the temperature, by an increase in the electrode force, or both. Compressors Gas turbine engines Welding parameters Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture A fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection of an experimental stator vane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in position by blade retaining plates. The HP compressor drum is bolted to the HP turbine rotor shaft by a curvic coupling which locates the drum and shaft and transmits the turbine drive. Compressor stator assembly consists of a series of vanes welded on the outer platform to form a ring behind each row...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Postflight inspection of a gas-turbine aircraft engine that had experienced compressor stall revealed that the engine air-intake bullet assembly had dislodged and was seated against the engine-inlet guide vanes at the 3 o'clock position. The bullet assembly consisted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the 15th through the 17th compressor stages, as were stator vanes and casing sections. The fractured surface of the 17th blade showed multiple origins along with secondary cracking and extensive propagation that preceded separation. The metallographic analysis of the microstructure suggested work hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Cracking was discovered in an in-service, second-stage turbine impeller during a downtime inspection. The fabricated 4300 series low-alloy steel impeller was used in a compressor in an industrial petrochemical plant. It was also reported that a process upset had allowed a 10...