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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the life assessment methods for elevated-temperature failure mechanisms and metallurgical instabilities that reduce life or cause loss of function or operating time of high-temperature components, namely, gas turbine blade, and power plant piping and tubing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Gas turbines and other types of combustion turbomachinery are susceptible to hot corrosion at elevated temperatures. Two such cases resulting in the failure of a gas turbine component were investigated to learn more about the hot corrosion process and the underlying failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Airfoil-shape impingement cooling tubes were fabricated of 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) thick Hastelloy X sheet stock, then pulse-laser-beam butt welded to cast Hastelloy X base plugs. Each weldment was then inserted through the base of a hollow cast turbine blade for a jet engine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at carbides and other microconstituents, especially in single crystal castings that do not possess grain boundaries. gas turbine engine components creep deformation overheating nickel-base superalloy interdendritic stress-rupture fracture stress-rupture testing stress-rupture life Cast nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the structural ceramics used in gas turbine components, the automotive and aerospace industries, or as heat exchangers in various segments of the chemical and power generation industries. It covers the fundamental aspects of chemical corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... shown that iron was a major component. Optical microscopy and electron microprobe analysis were used to identify the deposits. In the first instance, the deposit was found to be debris that was left in the reheater tubes during boiler modification and swept to the turbine by the steam. There were still...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract The failure of HP turbine blades in a low bypass turbofan engine was analyzed to determine the root cause. Forensic and metallurgical investigations were conducted on all failed blades as well as failed downstream components. It was found that one of the blades fractured...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An 18-MW gas turbine exploded unexpectedly after three hours of normal operation. The catastrophic failure caused extensive damage to the rotor, casing, and nearly all turbo-compressor components. Based on their initial review, investigators believed that the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of a systematic approach, analyzing the nature of degeneration and failure of the failed components, utilizing conventional metallurgical techniques, is presented. The topographical features of the turbine blade fracture surface revealed a fatigue-induced crack growth pattern, where crack initiation had taken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of General Physical Features Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations Selected Reference Selected Reference • Benac D.J. and Swaminathan V.P. , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An investigation was conducted to better understand the time-dependent degradation of thermal barrier coated superalloy components in gas turbines. First-stage vanes are normally subjected to the highest gas velocities and temperatures during operation, and were thus the focus...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Reference • Benac D.J. and Swaminathan V.P. , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p. 289 – 311 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517 ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... carbides, and high residual tensile macrostresses. No further conclusions could be drawn because of the lack of detailed service history. Selected References Selected References • Benac D.J. and Swaminathan V.P. , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The cause of the fatigue failure in the retaining ring of the compressor region of an aero-engine turbine was found to be the presence of a high concentration of nonmetallic inclusions. The results of chemical analysis were used to estimate the phases present. The most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... was considered to be premature. Selected References • Benac D.J. and Swaminathan V.P. , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p. 289 – 311 10.31399...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... • Benac D.J. and Swaminathan V.P. , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p. 289 – 311 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517 The buckets fractured at the tip...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... , Elevated-Temperature Life Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p. 289 – 311 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517 • Pond R.B. Jr. , and Shifler D. A. , High-Temperature Corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Assessment for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol. 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p. 289 – 311 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517 • Pond R.B. Jr. , and Shifler D. A. , High-Temperature Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rupture) and resistance to fracture under creep conditions. Fig. 2 Creep crack in a turbine vane. Courtesy of M. Chaudhari, Columbus Metallurgical Services Failures from creep deformation depend on material, time-temperature exposure, loading conditions, component geometry, and environmental...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A pinion gear made of AMS 6470 steel, nitrided all over, lost internal splined teeth due to wear. Spline failure of the power turbine gear caused an engine overspeed and disintegration. Excessive spline wear resulted from a new coupling being mated during overhaul with a worn gear...