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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... examination. Transverse sections through this and the mating portion already received, followed by magnetic crack detection, revealed the presence of defective zones. Subsequent ultrasonic examination of other sections of the steam main indicated suspect areas in a number of lengths of pipe. These defects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0048082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the shaft proper. The cracks were found to have propagated in the longitudinal and transverse directions until failures occurred. It was showed by a transverse section through the spline that the longitudinal cracks were initiated at the sharp corners at the roots of the spline teeth. The shaft was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... junction piece (bottom arrow) located behind arch rib plate, and continued through the A588 section of girder (top arrow). A close-up view ( Fig. 2 ) shows the crack in the junction piece (bottom of photo), which ranged from 1 2 to 1 in. (12.7 to 25.4 mm) in width. The crack then continued...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... metallographically on transverse sections and on longitudinal sections through the butt welds joining the separate cast segments of the tube. Creep damage was mainly concentrated within the inner one third of the wall thickness. The use of damage assessment parameters in evaluating the reformer tube remaining life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... one of the components was in a highly sensitized condition and that the pickling and passivation had resulted in severe intergranular corrosion. The other component was fabricated from thick plate and, after machining, the outer surface represented the transverse section of the original plate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... the distal fragment. Gas pores are apparent in the grain and at the grain boundaries were revealed by a transverse section. Fine parallel line structures that run diagonally through the fractograph may be slip traces were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. One of the cracks was revealed to have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... conducted on longitudinal and transverse sections showed predominantly transcrystalline cracks, originated from the pits at the external surfaces of the pipe. Their appearance suggested they were stress corrosion cracks that occur in austenitic steels under the combined effect of stresses and certain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A steel valve spring meeting Steel-Iron-Test 1570 fractured during the high-stress condition of the operation of its valve. Metallographic examination of a transverse section adjacent to the fracture and a longitudinal section through the crack showed the steel was free of major...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and the resistance in a starter. A transverse section through the zone of failure showed an oxide layer extended almost completely across the plane of a weld, and also the grain growth that had occurred in this region. Butt welds Conductors (devices) Grain growth Weld defects Copper Joining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... termination. Transverse sections from each of the groups were examined metallographically. Consistent interfacial separation was noted. Fourier transform infrared and EDS analyses were also performed. It was concluded that low wraparound termination strength of the resistors had caused unacceptable increases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... approximately HRC 27. Metallographic examination of transverse sections through the surface-damaged areas adjacent to the cracks also showed additional small cracks growing at an angle of approximately 60 deg to the surface. The crack propagation mode appeared to be wholly transgranular. SEM examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Furthermore, the welds were at the ends and not at the sides as is usual in the case of electrically-welded chains. A transverse section from one side of a link was examined microscopically. This showed the material to be wrought-iron of satisfactory quality. It was concluded this chain sling had been made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... surface. Indifferent results were obtained in induction hardening; cracks were noticed, and patchy hardness figures were obtained on the final product in several batches. Metallographic examination of transverse sections through the defective areas showed decarburization to varying degrees, i.e., from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Intergranular cracks ranging from 0.13 to 0.32 mm (5 to 12.6 mils) were found at the surface of cooling holes 2 through 6. The diameter of these holes was approximately 2.5 mm (0.1 in.). The cooling holes surface was not coated. Cracks were observed by transverse metallurgical sectioning of the airfoil at...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... diameter was a weld overlay, a continuation of the weld metal securing the cap to the shaft. Transverse fracture of the shaft occurred near this abrupt change in shaft diameter. The stub shaft was removed from the agitator so that a replacement stub shaft could be installed. Both sections of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... effects of the low fracture toughness of the plate on planes parallel in the rolling direction, the presence of the preexisting cracks, and the relatively large section thickness of the bars, the bars whose lengths were transverse to the rolling direction fractured brittlely when subjected to impact loads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... 5 indicates regions having a texture indicative of a pre-existing non-metallic inclusion. This is shown in greater detail in Fig. 6 . A further section was taken transverse to the crack surface and subsequent examination confirmed the presence of an inclusion on the edge of the crack as indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... directions. The results obtained are compared in the following table with those specified in BS. 15 and 3706 for material of this thickness. The transverse test piece was 0·564 in. dia. and, as such, the section tested would consist predominantly of the core region of the material. The longitudinal test...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... axle assembly to the tractor main-frame I-beams fractured transversely, with the crack in each instance initiating at a weld that joined the edge of the lower flange to the support-bracket casting. The cracks propagated through the flange on each side until the effective cross-sectional area had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Persistent cracking in a forged 1080 steel turntable rail in a wind tunnel test section was investigated. All cracks were oriented transverse to the axis of the rail, and some had propagated through the flange into the web. Through-flange cracks had been repair welded. A section of the...