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transport phenomena

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Park, OH , 1998 , p. 72 . 3. Gieck K. and Gieck R. : Engineering Formulas , 6th ed. , McGraw-Hill, Inc. , New York, NY , 1990 , p. 1 – 19 . 4. Bird R.B. , Stewart W.E. , and Lightfoot E.N. : Transport Phenomena , John Wiley and Sons , New York, NY...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to describe, and no single word properly fits. Corrosion involves a combination of different mechanisms, such as dissolution and invasive penetration (where diffusion, grain boundary, and stress corrosion may all be present), and oxidation-reduction reactions (where absorption, desorption, and mass transport...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the trends in failure mechanisms and causes. Case Histories Main Landing Gear Truck Beam of a Large Transport Aircraft A main landing gear truck beam from a large transport aircraft fractured on the ground just after refuelling as a result of a circumferential crack located about 0.14 m (5.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rope; more recently, they have been made up entirely of aluminum (the all-aluminum conductor). Any bending movement or alternating tension of the rope can result in local movement in the numerous interwire contacts, leading to fretting wear phenomena ( Fig. 4 ) ( Ref 19 – 23 ). Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... system have an effect on the transport of corrosive salts through the system into the vent pipe, possibly contributing to its degradation. Summary of Relevant Failures in Tank 39 Purge Ventilation System Table 1 Summary of Relevant Failures in Tank 39 Purge Ventilation System Incident Impact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. cracking failure analysis liquid metal induced embrittlement solid metal induced embrittlement METAL-INDUCED EMBRITTLEMENT is a phenomenon in which the ductility or fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... increase wear damage in wet and aqueous environments have been identified ( Ref 1 ). Slurry Handling The movement of materials as a slurry is an efficient means of transportation that is used in many industries. However, the movement of these slurries can cause significant corrosive wear. Pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... reviews some commercial alloy systems in which liquid-metal-induced embrittlement or solid-metal-induced embrittlement has been documented and describes some examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. commercial alloy systems failure analysis liquid-metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... – 225 19. Engel P.A. , Lee H.C. , and Zable J.L. , Dynamic Response of a Print Belt System , IBM J. Res. Dev. , Vol 23 ( No. 4 ), 1979 , p 403 – 410 20. Rice S.L. , Wayne S.F. , and Nowotny H. , Material Transport Phenomena in the Impact Wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of railroad tank car Applications The transportation of fluid products via railroad tank cars provides an important link in the transportation of raw and finished goods for industry, government and the consumer. Because of the large quantities of pressurized fluids carried by railroad tank cars...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... led to houses being burned down. The transportation of goods by road or rail obviously means that these items are subjected to vibration. This fact gave rise to the classic case of fretting in the bearings of automobiles being transported by rail from Detroit to the West Coast of the United States...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... superplasticity, taking into account two mechanisms: the diffusion-accommodated flow (D-A flow) consisting of GBS along with material transport through the grain boundary and bulk crystal diffusion [ 7 ] to maintain grain continuity (this phenomena dominates in the low stress regime, strain rates lower than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... consist of three regions: Region I is controlled by the relaxation processes at the crack tip at low K I values. Region II is determined by the hydrodynamic transport properties of the liquid at moderate K I s, when crack speed is inversely proportional to the viscosity of the environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., could act as sites for the initiation of microcracks. For impacts at higher stresses, several critical phenomena have been identified, such as charring and chemical degradation and the existence of a stress threshold beyond which catastrophic wear occurs ( Ref 52 ). Impact Wear Testing Two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... process. In other words, these failures are defects that are generated during the solder joint formation. These defects can lead to functional failures immediately after the manufacturing process or defects that become apparent during transportation or after use in the field. This means that process...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Failures of components by liquid–metal embrittlement (LME) and solid–metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) are less common than failures by other environmentally assisted cracking phenomena such as hydrogen embrittlement (HE), stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion-fatigue (CF), but a significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with or without forming a nonprotective scale (such as a porous iron oxide scale on carbon steel) in the corrosive environment. Corrosive wear is surface damage caused by wear in a corrosive environment, involving combined attacks from wear and corrosion. Phenomena and Typical Forms of Corrosive Wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... tear becomes long enough that it becomes mechanically unstable. Similar phenomena occur at room temperature when the stress-intensity factor (a function of both applied stress and crack length) at the tip of a slowly growing fatigue crack reaches a critical value, resulting in catastrophic unstable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ) for the treatment of data that appear inconsistent with the bulk of the findings. Environmental- and Corrosion-Related Failure Analysis Examples of Environmental and Corrosion Failures Example 1: Failure of a SiF<sub>4</sub> Transport Hose. A polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hose reinforced with a dual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... transported to any naval air station in the world. Towers were to be composed of either three or four modules, one placed on top of the other as in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1 Legal action resulted from deterioration of aluminum-plywood panels used to construct modular towers like this. Original...