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transition temperature

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... partial pressures of the gases within the duct, combined with the high temperatures, facilitated nitrogen pickup. In some cases, continuous grain-boundary precipitation was observed. Fig. 1 High-temperature degradation of a gas turbine transition duct. (a) Carbide, carbonitride precipitates...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 High-temperature degradation of a gas turbine transition duct. (a) Carbide, carbonitride precipitates, and oxide pentration along grain boundary. (b) Creep cracking along grain-boundary precipitates (arrows) on IN-617 panel. Creep cavities along grain boundaries link up and lead More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0045987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and had a ductile-to-brittle transition temperature exceeding 93 deg C (200 deg F). This transition temperature was much too high for the application. It was recommended that a modified ASTM A572, grade 42 (0.15% C max), type 1 or 2, steel be used (type 1, which contains niobium, may be needed to meet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., hydrogen embrittlement, or both. At subzero temperatures, the steel was below its ductile-to-brittle transition temperature. These circumstances suggest a brittle condition. Steps to avoid this type of failure: For cold conditions, the steel plate should have a low carbon content and a high manganese...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0065825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... concentrated towards decreasing the Charpy ductile-to-brittle transition temperature to avoid brittle fracture. It was subsequently revealed that the absorbed energy on the upper shelf of the Charpy energy-temperature curve was critical for arresting a moving crack. Both fracture initiation and fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0046205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... found supports the conclusion that the shaft failed as the result of stress in the sharp fillets and rough surfaces at the root of the splines. Cold weather failure occurred sooner than in hot weather because ductile-to-brittle transition temperature of the 1040 steel shaft was too high. Recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... Continuation of the cracks was attributed to the brittle condition of the steel when cooled by the night air. A steel with a much lower ductile-to-brittle transition temperature is essential for this type of structure. Other necessary steps include better control of the girth-welding, choice of a more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... (Nil ductility Transition Temperature) for this material was approximately -51 deg C (-60 deg F). The fact that the material's NDTT was significantly out of the normal operating range of the pipe suggested an impingement of low temperature nitrogen (caused by a faulty torus inerting system) induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... … … 90 190 0.07–0.30 0.04–0.178 100–200 Urethane rigid foam … … 160 325 0.06–0.12 0.033–0.067 80 (a) UL, Underwriters Laboratories. (b) Short-term continuous service temperature. (c) Long-term continuous service temperature Glass transition and melting temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... considerations that are equally important to help ensure that part failure does not occur. It provides a quick review of thermoplastic and thermoset plastics. The article focuses primarily on thermoset materials that at room temperature are below their glass transition temperature. It describes the motivation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... used in structural applications. Testing showed an increase in hardness and weight percent carbon and manganese in the banded region. Further testing revealed that the area containing the segregation and coarse grain structure had a lower than expected toughness and a transition temperature 90 deg F...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... transition temperature in excess of 1000C. The sequence of events leading to failure was detailed. The main recommendation was to quench and temper existing couplings and to use a lower carbon quenched and tempered steel for new couplings. Couplings Drilling rigs 4142 UNS G41420 Brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... at 40 °C/min (70 °F/min) −0.52 at 10 °C/min (18 °F/min) (a) Trade name of Shell Chemical Company Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) comparison of glass transition temperature (<italic>T</italic><sub>g</sub>) results from sealed and unsealed pans Table 3 Differential scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0089752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... legs in a vertical position. The joints had then been rewelded on the inside. This had not been done in the third weld that failed later. Charpy V-notch impact tests on the steel used for this pipeline revealed a ductile-to-brittle transition temperature that was unfavorably high—approximately 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... defining transition from ductile to brittle failure Fig. 23 Effect of stress state on the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature, T DB , for polycarbonate. P , force; σ, stress. (a) Tensile test. (b) Puncture test. (c) Strip biaxial test. (d) Notched beam test Fig. 39 Nonlinear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Glass transition temperature (T<sub>g</sub>) for selected polymers Table 1 Glass transition temperature (T g ) for selected polymers Material name Min. T g (°C/°F) Max. T g (°C/°F) Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) 110/230 125/257 Cellulose acetate (CA) 100/212 130/266...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... results for a polysulfone resin, as these resins generally exhibit a glass transition temperature (T g ) between 185 and 190 °C. No other transitions were observed, and no signs of contamination or degradation were found. Fig. 4 A comparison of the DSC results showing comparable heat flow profiles...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... ( Ref 3 ). The results of impact tests carried out on subsize Charpy specimens at different temperatures are presented in Fig. 13 . Transition temperatures for subsize Charpy specimens from base metal and weld metal (using 0.25 J/mm 2 ligament area criterion, equivalent to 10 J for subsize specimens...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of testing was approximately 14°C. (57°F.). A series of notched-bar test pieces (Charpy V-notch) were prepared and tested at various temperatures in order to provide some quantitative information regarding the notch-ductility of the material and, in particular, its transition temperature. The specimens...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... indicated that these materials had ductile-to-brittle transition temperatures above room temperature. Macroscopic observations of the fracture surfaces at nozzles 1 and 2 showed chevron patterns that allowed tracing the fracture to its initiation points. The fracture apparently initiated at the nozzle 1...