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traditional ceramics

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of materials. They are often called “engineering ceramics” or “advanced ceramics,” subdivided into “structural ceramics” (which exhibit superior mechanical properties as compared to traditional ceramics) and “functional ceramics” (which exhibit superior electrical, magnetic, or optical properties, again...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are widely used for sectioning sintered carbides, ceramic materials, thermally sprayed coatings, printed circuit boards, electronic components, bone, teeth, and so on. The primary purpose of mounting metallographic specimens is for convenience in handling specimens of difficult shapes or sizes during...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... While pieces with a small section size that would normally be sectioned with an abrasive cutter can be cut with a precision saw, the cutting time is appreciably greater, but the depth of damage is much less. Precision saws are widely used for sectioning sintered carbides, ceramic materials, thermally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to RCF and the increasing criticality of this failure mode. The traditional definition of RCF is based on cracks that originate in the subsurface of a component due to alternating shear stresses, which then propagate to the surface and eventually lead to a piece of material separating from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as materials for rolling-contact bearing components show some practical advantages over traditional bearing steels. The properties of ceramics, specifically low density and high stiffness, are of most interest to gas turbine ( Ref 1 ) and machine tool manufacturers ( Ref 2 ). High hardness, low coefficient...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be applied either in through-transmission two sides or reflection mode single side. Good sensitivity in acoustically clear material All metals and alloys, sintered carbides, glass and ceramics, rubber, structural plastics, concrete Electromagnetic testing Measures impedance of coil close to conductive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... situations, the bodies tend to be large and contact in a well-defined location in a controlled way, unlike erosion where the eroding particles are small and interact randomly with the target surface. This article describes some generic features and modes of impact wear of metals, ceramics, and polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the gear were submitted for metallurgical analysis. The cracks were primarily located on the gear faces and were not associated with traditional regions of high service stresses, such as the tooth roots. Some portions of the gear face exhibited light discoloration, which was suggestive of weld repairs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The sample is suspended from the balance while heated in conjunction with a thermal program. A ceramic or, more often, a platinum sample boat is used for the evaluation. As part of the TGA evaluation, the sample is usually heated from ambient room temperature to 1000 °C (1830 °F) in a dynamic gas purge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Proper Selection of Concrete for Service Media Surface Modification Control of Polymer Quality Proper Selection of Ceramics for Service Media Design Alterations Galvanic Protection Use of Inhibitors Metallic Coatings Nonmetallic Coatings and Linings Proper Alloy Selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., graphite-fiber-reinforced plastic; PSZ, partially stabilized zirconia. Source: Ref 8 Until the IPD approach is in common use, and as an alternative to the traditional materials-last approach, another method of materials selection is the materials-first approach. The materials-first approach...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... submitted for metallurgical analysis. The cracks were primarily located on the gear faces and were not associated with traditional regions of high service stresses, such as the tooth roots. Some portions of the gear face exhibited light discoloration, which suggested weld repairs. The cracks were evident...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to materials other than metals. With increased use of polymers, both simple and reinforced, in addition to ceramics, this is an area where further examples of a somewhat different kind are likely to be encountered. Some research already is being devoted to the topic and is described in the section “Parameters...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... casting. Cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... will be made from metal, plastic, ceramic, or composite. Level II: Determine whether metal parts will be produced by a deformation process (wrought) or a casting process; for plastics, determine whether they will be thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers. Level III: Narrow options to a broad...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of tribological transformed structure, or TTS). Adapted from Ref 42 . Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Fig. 16 Comparison between metals and ceramic coatings fretted against an alumina ball for similar lading conditions. HSS, high-strength steel. Adapted from Ref 42 Fig. 17...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the hydrostatic stress is to raise the stress level at which yield occurs, causing it to approach the fracture stress. In a constant-volume material (metals, ceramics), the hydrostatic stress cannot cause yield, but a hydrostatic stress does increase the magnitude of the stresses created by the applied loads...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... h = ( 1 + ν ) ( σ x + σ y ) 3 still exists. The effect of the hydrostatic stress is to raise the stress level at which yield occurs, causing it to approach the fracture stress. In a constant-volume material (metals, Ceramics), the hydrostatic stress cannot cause yield...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4