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trace elements

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Subsequently, the defect density was considerably reduced in subsequent batches and later eliminated. Conclusions The morphology of defects and the chemistry of trace elements found under the defect correlated very well with the structure and composition of fibers in the air filter. This observation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., thorough questioning by the investigating activity. The combined analyses demonstrated that the bearing failed by a single event overload as evidenced by bulk deformation and traces of foreign material on the rolling elements. The anomalous transferred metal found on the rolling elements subsequently led...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Optical Emission Spectroscopy Optical emission spectroscopic (OES) methods are some of the most commonly used techniques in elemental analysis and alloy identification. The OES methods are commonly used in failure analysis for quantitative and qualitative determination of primary and trace elemental...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... partially decarburized pearlite colonies in a ferrite matrix. The microstructure remote from the bulged area consisted of pearlite in a ferrite matrix. EDS analysis of internal deposits on the tube detected a major amount of iron, plus trace amounts of other elements. The evidence indicated that the bulge...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be run separately, it could be very expensive to test for every element that might be present in any specific alloy within the family of alloys. If the levels of trace elements that are not generally specified or reported on the certification documentation of the producing mill are desired, the analyst...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., however, any possible combination of grain sizes and chemical compositions, even extreme combinations, may be encountered and must be kept in consideration for their hardenability effects. Trace levels of unspecified elements can also be high enough to impart undesired hardening response. For instance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Analysis of nontinted and tinted areas of a typical part by FTIR showed evidence of trace amounts of hydrocarbon materials in the tinted region. Typical nondiscolored and discolored areas of the parts were analyzed further by XPS. The elemental analysis mode revealed slightly elevated carbon levels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the surface. Courtesy of J. Sampson, NASA Another destructive method is ICP-OES, which provides beneficial information on trace elements in an alloy. ICP-OES requires care in preparation of standards, blanks, and specimens for analysis. Machining chips from the suspect part using a clean roughing mill...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... with the nonstained region. Some carbon and oxygen were detected in both areas, which may be suggestive of organic substances. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed traces of hydrocarbons and ether/alcohol materials in the stained area, suggesting that the stain was associated with a cellulose...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... max, 15.5 to 17.5 Cr, 3.00 to 5.00 Ni, 3.00 to 5.00 Cu, 0.15 to 0.45 Cb+Ta, and trace elements of 1.00 Mn max, 1.00 Si max, 0.04 P max, and 0.03 S max. Fig. 2 Thrust control valve bolts failed because of hydrogen embrittlement. Preventing Future Failures Laboratory findings indicate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to be contamination occurring in the casting process that became concentrated in the recycled skimmings. It was recommended that future material specifications for skimmings and for externally obtained scrap copper include a trace analysis for tellurium. Cupronickel Embrittlement Segregations Tellurium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... view of the crack exhibiting its propagation along the grain boundaries, 1000× Electron probe microanalysis of the transverse sections of all the failed wire samples were also carried out to find existence of any grain-boundary segregation or existence of any harmful trace elements. The analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... for about 14 years. Specimen Selection The entire impeller element was available for examination and sectioning. Visual Examination of General Physical Features The damaged impeller, which is shown as received for analysis in Fig. 1 , was visually examined. Apparent cracking was observed over...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract An air blower in an electric power plant failed unexpectedly when a roller bearing in the drive motor fractured along its outer ring. Both rings, as well as the 18 rolling elements, were made from GCr15 bearing steel. The bearing also included a machined brass (MA/C3) cage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... cleaning procedures to remove any trace of the cleaning acids be used. Auger electron spectroscopy Contaminants Grain boundaries Rocket nozzles Scanning electron microscopy Nb-106 Stress-corrosion cracking Intergranular fracture Since electron microscopy for the evaluation of fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A tie rod, nut, and bellows from a failed 610 mm (24 in.) diam tied universal expansion joint that carried tail gases consisting of N 2 + O 2 with slight traces of nitrogen oxides and water were examined. The materials were SA 193-B7 (AISI 4140), SA 194–214, and Incoloy 800H...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract Heating elements, consisting of strips, 40 mm x 2 mm, of the widely used 80Ni-20Cr resistance heating alloy, and designed to withstand a temperature of 1175 deg C, were rendered unusable by scaling after a few months service in a through-type annealing furnace, Although the temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of sections across the defects revealed intergranular cracks tracing a path of round, segregated particles and oxide film discontinuities. The segregated particles were rich in copper It was concluded that the cracking was the result of segregations occurring in poor-quality raw material. The source...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... perpendicular to the crack plane. Creep indications were not present. Chemical Analysis/Identification Material Because of the lack of information about the chemical composition of the blade material, electron probe microanalysis was first conducted . The major elements found were nickel, chromium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... samples were analyzed for elemental constituents using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). This analytical technique is used in conjunction with an SEM and can detect the presence of elements of atomic number 9 (the element fluorine) and greater. Light elements such as carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen...