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torsional strength

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... bars had been fabricated from spring steel which, according to stress calculations, did not have sufficient torsional strength. Examination of the damaged parts confirmed the finding, revealing that all fractures started at a shoulder radius in an area of high stress concentration. Based...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... mooring anchor fracture weld defect carbon steel weld crack energy dispersive spectroscopy torsional strength AISI 1045 (nonresulfurized carbon steel) UNS G10450 Introduction Metallurgical Evaluation Engineering Mechanics Analysis Failure Timeline Conclusions References...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that rotational bending stresses caused the gear shaft to fail due to insufficient fatigue strength. This led to the torsional failure of the corroded clutch shaft, which was subjected to a sudden, high level load when the shaft connecting the gearbox to the propeller failed. power transmission shafts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Probably the load was too high for the strength of the crank. Tensile strength could have been increased for the same material by tempering at lower temperature. Additionally the resistance against high bend fatigue stresses or torsion fatigue stresses could have been substantially increased by including...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0048039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract One of six cables on a passenger elevator was found fractured during a routine inspection. The cable is made of 16-mm steel wire rope designated 8 x 19 G Preformed Extra High Strength Special Traction Elevator Cable with fiber core. Samples of wire from the cable revealed two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... groove in the shaft had performed its function, but at a lower overload level than intended. Recommendations included increasing the fatigue strength of the shaft by shot peening the shear groove to minimize chatter. Shafts (power) Shot peening Torsional fatigue 4340 UNS G43400 Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and axial deflection, greatly increasing the torsional stresses on the spring. To understand the fatigue limits under these test conditions, a bench test was used to establish the fatigue strength of the springs. The bench tests showed that the failed springs had an unacceptable surface texture that reduced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... torsional fatigue. A second shaft carried as spare gear was fitted and failure took place in a similar manner in about the same period of time. Examination revealed that the tapered portion of the Fe-0.6C carbon steel shaft had been built up by welding prior to final machining. A detailed check...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... different approximations of the fatigue diagram. The shape of the diagram depends mainly on the material, the geometry of the component, and the type of loading (axial, bending, torsion, and shear). The lines are determined by the ultimate tensile strength, S u , and the alternating fatigue strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... analysis indicated that the mechanism of fracture initiation was torsional fatigue. Intermittent deceleration and acceleration resulting from power surges during operation of the turbine caused torsional vibration and was considered the most probable source of the required cyclic stress. Final failure took...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... before the shear stress reaches the shear strength of the steel. Fracture occurs normal to the 45° tensile plane, producing a conical or star-shaped fracture surface. Example 2: Torsional-Fatigue Fracture of a Large 4340 Steel Shaft That Was Subject to Cyclic Loading and Frequent Overloads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... be generated by an abrupt change of operation such as start-up or sudden braking during working. Results of stress analysis reveal that the highest stressed area coincided with the fractured regions of the failed shaft. The maximum stress predicted under shock loading exceeded the yield strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... exceeds material strength. The stress gradient must be considered in torsion and bending because the stress is maximum at the surface but is zero at the center or neutral axis. In tension, however, the stress is essentially uniform across the section. If discontinuities such as those noted earlier...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... a black oxide coating. For wire of this diameter, the CH900 condition provides an ultimate tensile strength in excess of 320 000 psi (2206 MPa). 1 This high strength is the result of extensive cold working prior to aging. In an effort to determine the reason some springs are susceptible...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the effects of load frequency and temperature, material condition, and manufacturing practices on fatigue strength. It provides information on subsurface discontinuities, including gas porosity, inclusions, and internal bursts as well as on corrosion fatigue testing to measure rates of fatigue-crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Drive cables from a rubber processing machine were failing in less than 8 h of operation, the expected service life being much greater than 100 h. Comparison cables were tested to failure under known stress conditions, including tensile overload, torsional loading, reversed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... the location at which the sum of the torsional stress (+) and residual compressive stress (−) first exceeded the fatigue strength. Fig. 5 Fracture edge of opened crack as seen from bearing surface. 3× Fig. 6 Fracture edge of opened crack as seen from bearing surface. 10× Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of an ultimate tensile strength of 38 t.p.s.i. The cracking which developed was characteristic of that resulting from torsional fatigue, and since it occurred on two different planes at 45° to the axis of the shaft it was due to reversals of torsional stress rather than fluctuations of unidirectional torque...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the shaft failed by torsional fatigue starting at subsurface crack initiation sites. The forging contained regions of crack like flaws associated with particles rich in chromium, manganese, and iron. Fracture features indicated that the fatigue cracks propagated under a relatively low stress. Forgings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to a state of internal stress which favored fracture of the spring. Shot blasting Torsional fatigue Valve springs Spring steel Surface treatment related failures Fatigue fracture The fatigue strength of parts which are subjected to reverse bending or torsional stresses can be considerably...