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torsional fracture

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the conclusion that the basic failure mechanism was fracture by torsional fatigue, which started at numerous surface shear cracks, both longitudinal and transverse, that developed in the periphery of the root of the shear groove. These shear cracks resulted from high peak loads caused by chatter. The shear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
..., all of which propagated at an angle of approximately 45 deg to the longitudinal axis, and therefore were caused by torsion stresses. Neither macroscopic nor microscopic examination determined any material or processing faults. Experience has shown that torsion vibration fractures of this kind usually...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A helical compression spring with ten turns made of 1.8 mm thick wire which was under high pressure during tension applied to a rocker arm broke on the test stand in the third turn. The fracture was a torsion fracture that initiated in the highly loaded inner fiber and showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of inclusions. Torsional fracture was indicated by the presence of beach marks at a 45 deg angle to the wire axis. It was established that the spring fractured by fatigue nucleated at the subsurface defect. Nonmetallic inclusions Shrinkage pipe Valve springs 6150 (Chromium-vanadium alloy steel UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... bars had been fabricated from spring steel which, according to stress calculations, did not have sufficient torsional strength. Examination of the damaged parts confirmed the finding, revealing that all fractures started at a shoulder radius in an area of high stress concentration. Based...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the loading condition, fracture mode, and material performance can be determined from fracture surface characterization. NiTi has been subjected to tensile, torsion, fatigue, and compressive loading. Overload fractures were created at temperatures ranging between −196 and 500 °C to examine the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compression, bending, torsion). Finally, the factors influencing the appearance of a fracture surface and various imperfections or stress raisers are described, followed by a root-cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of these fractography concepts. brittle fracture crack nucleation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... through galling of the end faces of the bearing liners. Camshafts Eccentrics Torsional fatigue 34CrMo4 Fatigue fracture During dismantling of an eccentric camshaft of 340 mm diameter that had worked for about 1 2 year with a total of 450,000 load reversals, it was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... analysis indicated that the mechanism of fracture initiation was torsional fatigue. Intermittent deceleration and acceleration resulting from power surges during operation of the turbine caused torsional vibration and was considered the most probable source of the required cyclic stress. Final failure took...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... fractures. The fracture probably was induced by the pressing-in or abrading of the sharp steel band edges into the surface of the cross bars. Torsion fatigue fractures may have started from these notches. Relaxation then contributed positively through recovery and recrystallization. Such damage occurs less...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... was a torsional fatigue fracture which has started from a lobe-like surface defect and not, as is usual, from a point on the most highly stressed inner surface. Fracture 2, on the other hand, was a bending fatigue fracture with a starting point on both the inner and the outer surface of the spiral. The objective...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... appeared in part as a shear fracture ( Fig. 2 ). Accordingly, stresses were evidently high. The fracture originated in the inner fiber, as usual. The fatigue fracture ran along the fiber for a short stretch ( Fig. 3 ) and then continued as a torsion fracture located at 45° to the longitudinal axis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0048169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
..., or torsional, load was rotational vibration of the assembly in which the spring imparted a relatively constant thrust load. The three tabs were antirotational devices and were subjected to unintentional torsional vibrations. These torsional vibrations created the cyclic loading that resulted in fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of fracture from torsional loading (along a plane 45 deg to the wire axis). Liquid-metal embrittlement was expected to have been caused by metals (Sn, Zn, Pb) which melt much below maximum service temperature of the turbine. The springs were concluded to have fractured by intergranular stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... to varying degree were found in all the shafts. Timely replacement was possible and the likelihood of serious accidents removed. Shafts (power) Ultrasonic testing Fe-0.3C Fatigue fracture This case concerns the failure of a shaft which resulted from reversed torsional stresses. The effect...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... beach marks, suggesting rotary-bending fatigue. The fracture surfaces on the clutch shaft exhibited a star-shaped pattern, suggesting that the failure was due to torsional overload which may have initiated at corrosion pits discovered during the examination. Based on the observations, it was concluded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... 41 Grade 4140 steel camshaft that fractured at an angle. (a) Mating profile of the fracture surfaces. (b) and (c) Torsional fatigue features including some subsurface reinitiation of the cracks. (d) Cross section confirming the presence of a weld with some brittle martensite Fig. 37...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of failure investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... specimen geometries (smooth cylindrical or prismatic) and loading conditions (e.g., tension compression, bending, torsion). Several different appearances are also possible at both the macroscale and microscale level, and the appearance of a fracture surface is influenced by: External loading...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0048039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... The smaller wires were found to be slightly oxidized and behaved in a ductile manner under excessive loads before ultimate failure. Flat-type fractures were believed to have resulted from cyclic torsional stresses along with longitudinal cracking. Restriction of free movement of the socket-end in the shackle...