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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Thought to Machining Look at Heat Treatment First Grinding Can Set up Stresses Handling and Use Requires Care A Seven-Step Procedure If tools wear out in normal service, we assume that the design is adequate. However, if service conditions change or if a tool is manufactured by a new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Source: Ref 15 , 48 Fig. 8 Example of seizure on a piston due to insufficient cooling. Source: Ref 49 Fig. 9 Initial galling failure on powder metallurgy tool steels. Reprinted from Ref 57 with permission from Elsevier Fig. 10 Surface damage typical of galling wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the visual or macroscopic examination of damaged materials and interpretation of damage and fracture features. Analytical tools available for evaluations of corrosion and wear damage features include energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron probe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of failure with significant contributions from the other damage mechanisms. forging die fracture thermal cycling wear tool steel heat checking deformation optical profilometry thermal conductivity H13 (chromium hot-work tool steel) UNS T20813 CuZn39Pb3 (copper-zinc wrought brass) UNS C38500...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of titanium nitrided M2 tool steel gear hobs. The hobs were used to produce carbon steel ring gears Applications Circumstances Leading to Failure Sample Selection The hob exhibited excessive wear and fracturing on the leading surfaces of the cutting teeth, as shown in Fig. 1 and 2 . Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... if dimensioned in some way? Will the available production machines be able to make the part? Production runs Are the desired production runs consistent with the machines and expected costs? Tooling wear Is tooling wear or maintenance a possible problem that will impact part cost or performance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the component Tool and die setup: Alignment must be precise to avoid irregular, excessive stresses that will accelerate wear or cause cracking Tool and die operation: Overloading must be avoided to ensure achievement of the desired component life The above classification of factors, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... carbon, high chromium tool steel) UNS T30402 Introduction and Background Information Wear Phenomena Failure Analysis of Mechanism Design Analysis Conclusions References References 1. Guide to Adhesive Wear . Peoton Industries Ltd 2. Crucible Service Center Data Sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis and root cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It reviews four fundamental categories of physical root causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes and relevant tribosystems Table 1 Wear processes and relevant tribosystems Wear process Examples of relevant tribosystems Sliding wear Sliding bearings; cam and tappets; guides; seals; piston rings; disc-pad braking system; forming dies; cutting tools Fretting wear Riveted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Fig. 30 Correlation of hardness with wear rate for three materials. The two 50 HRC materials both exhibit the same low-stress scratching wear resistance. However, as the wear severity increases, the steel designed for ground-engaging tools (steel A) exhibits moderate improvements in gouging wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-based knowledge of the mechanical situation found in the wear environment. A good background in metallurgy, ceramic science, or materials science is also necessary. In addition, access to investigative diagnostic tools is required for examination of worn surfaces and structures on both a macroscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 28 Valve recession vs. valve closing velocity for a series of bench tests carried out isolating impact using a cast tool steel based seat insert material Fig. 29 Model predictions for valve recession caused by impact wear. Line represents model prediction; data points indicate bench...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and safety, reliability, and quality can be greatly reduced. Excessive wear from inlet and exhaust valves impacting their seating faces in automotive engines can lead to loss of cylinder pressure and ultimately engine failure. Failure of tools used for drilling rock and other media raises cost concerns...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and wear failures. The article provides information on the synthesis and interpretation of results from the investigation. Finally, it presents key guidelines for conducting a failure analysis. chemical analysis corrosion failure corrosion testing data collection failure analysis fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-element bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects, although low, are not negligible, and lubrication is essential. The article lists the typical characteristics and causes of several types of failures. It describes failure by wear, failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Electroless nickel plated and mounted Epomet in epoxy resin (resin not in the field of view). All four specimens were prepared in the same holder and were etched with nital. The arrows point to the nitrided surface layer. Fig. 12 Light micrograph of an ion-nitrided H13 tool steel specimen mounted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... software tools These exist for a variety of functions, including tracking the course of an investigation and suggesting a course of action for the background data collection. Example of a test protocol for a failure of minor economic importance Table 5 Example of a test protocol for a failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... as evidenced by the orientation of secondary cracking. The woody fracture pre-existed final machining and heat treatment, as evidenced by the disruption of tool withdrawal markings in the oil hole on crank #2. (A similar determination was not possible on crank #1 because the material containing the oil hole...