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titanium production trends

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Metallurgical SEM analysis provides many insights into the failure of biomedical materials and devices. The results of several such investigations are reported here, including findings and conclusions from the examination a total hip prosthesis, stainless steel and titanium compression...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... thermal treatment. These large grains offered less resistance to fatigue and SCC. In addition, evidence of titanium-carbo-nitrides was detected at the grain boundaries of this material that was prohibited according to the governing specification. This phase is formed at higher thermal treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... alloys, nickel alloys, gold, silver, stainless steel, tool steel, and titanium alloys. Of the metals used in AM production, titanium and its alloys are used prevalently for high-value biomedical and aerospace parts. The deposition rate is lower for PBF, but the PBF processes offer better surface finish...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum, and their alloys, are more or less susceptible to damage ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Only titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 4 ). This review focuses initially on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and their alloys, are susceptible to damage ( Ref 4 ). Titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 5 – 8 ), although modest pitting due to MIC has been demonstrated in the laboratory ( Ref 9 ). Viable microorganisms can be found over a wide range of temperature, pressure, salinity, and pH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conditions (both steady state and transient). The magnitude of these stresses required for SCC to occur can be well below the yield strength, tensile strength, and fatigue strength of the metal. A specific environment, which may or may not produce a visible corrosion product (e.g., rust). Generally...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Materials selection is just one part of this overall design process, which may involve a complex set of relationships regarding product function, shape, materials, and manufacturing process ( Fig. 1 ) ( Ref 1 ). In the past, engineering design was performed as a sequential procedure, with the material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... selection is just one part of this overall design process, which may involve a complex set of relationships regarding product function, shape, materials, and manufacturing process ( Fig. 1 , Ref 1 ). In the past, engineering design was performed as a sequential procedure, with the material decisions made...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis and root cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It reviews four fundamental categories of physical root causes, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... was used in the subject component Microchemical analysis: to find evidence of contamination, to evaluate the composition of microphases revealed on a metallographic specimen, or to evaluate corrosion products Extreme care must be used in interpretation of chemical analysis work performed as part...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is 23% and the powder is pyrophoric ( Ref 61 ). In other metals, such as copper and titanium, die debris is the expected oxide. In some cases, depending on the method of its production, the debris can contain some unoxidized metal. The debris is usually in the form of thin platelets a few microns...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for certifying new designs of titanium rotors (see the section “Case Histories: Examples of the Use of Probabilistic Analysis” and “Example 1: Probabilistic Damage Tolerance Analysis of Gas Turbine Rotors” in this article) ( Ref 25 , 26 ). Elements of Probabilistic Analysis A probabilistic analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the optimization of production parameters for extending the service life of components. This article focuses primarily on what the analyst should know about applying XRD residual-stress measurement techniques to failure analysis. Discussions are extended to the description of ways in which XRD can be applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 100,000 cycles than at the start of the test. This must be thought out when considering the wear trends observed with increasing cycles. In more recent work on impact wear, impact energy is quoted rather than contact stress. However, the trends seen are similar to those shown in Ref 29 and 30...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Specifications and Major Requirements AMS 5629, “Steel, Corrosion Resistant Bars, Forgings, Rings, and Extrusions”: Microstructure : The product shall contain not more than 2% free ferrite, determined in accordance with AMS 2315. Grain Size : Shall be 5 or finer for product up to 3.00 inches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conditions) material surface occurs, including removal of chemicals (e.g., lubricants and cutting fluids remaining after production), a change of topography (removal of grinding marks, etc.), removal of fragments weakened or damaged during the production stage, generation of defects (cracks, etc.), embedment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... related to it. Figure 2 ( Ref 2 ) highlights the relationship between the various aspects of the design process and ways in which failure analysis is thoughtfully applied to improve the design process. Legal reasons for conducting failure analyses are also compelling, because of the shift in product...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... related to it. Figure 2 ( Ref 2 ) highlights the relationship between the various aspects of the design process and ways in which failure analysis is thoughtfully applied to improve the design process. Legal reasons for conducting failure analyses are also compelling, because of the shift in product...