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thermoplastic resins

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to thermomechanical testing; 5 °C/min (9 °F/min) in flexure. HDPE, high-density polyethylene; LDPE, low-density polyethylene; PC, polycarbonate; PVC, polyvinyl chloride. Abstract This article addresses some established protocols for characterizing thermoplastics and whether they are homogeneous resins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Thermal properties of selected resins Table 1 Thermal properties of selected resins Thermoplastic resins Heat-deflection temperature at 1.82 MPa (0.264 ksi) UL index (a) Thermal conductivity Coefficient of thermal expansion, 10 −6 /°C °C °F °C °F W/m · K Btu/ft · h · °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...: Ref 44 Fig. 21 Percent mass loss as a function of temperature for phenolic resin samples as noted in the figure. TGA, thermogravimetric analysis; DTG, derivative thermogravimetry. Source: Ref 45 Fig. 22 Thermogravimetric analysis of thermoplastic-thermoset adhesive, 15 °C/min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-sized thermoplastic components. It is becoming increasingly difficult to divide the various methods available for producing fiberglass-reinforced materials into clearly defined processes. Processes for bringing resin and glass together are being combined; therefore, there are no longer clearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Properties Dielectric Properties Conductivity Optical Properties Other Properties Engineering Thermoplastics Polystyrene Polyvinyl Chloride Polypropylene Polyphenylene Sulfide Polysulfone Engineering Thermosets Amino Resins Polyurethane Resins Polyethylene...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... uses a device, called a mounting press, to provide the required pressure and heat to encapsulate the specimen with a thermosetting or thermoplastic mounting material. Common thermosetting resins include phenolic, diallyl phthalate, and epoxy, while methyl methacrylate is the most commonly used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., it is recommended to use precolored pellets from a material supplier, who can verify the color uniformity prior to processing. Virtually all thermoplastics can be used, from commodity materials such as polyethylene and polypropylene, to engineering resins such as polycarbonate and polyamides (PA/nylon), to high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sources of injurious effects. The most common mounting method uses a device, called a mounting press, to provide the required pressure and heat to encapsulate the specimen with a thermosetting or thermoplastic mounting material. Common thermosetting resins include phenolic, diallyl phthalate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... subtraction was performed, thereby removing the absorbances attributed to the ABS resin from the spectrum obtained on the failed part. The spectral subtraction results were consistent with a thermoplastic polyester, such as PET or PBT. However, these two materials cannot be distinguished spectrally, because...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., wear study is separated as elastomers, thermosets, glassy thermoplastics, and semicrystalline thermoplastics. The article describes the effects of environment and lubricant on the wear failures of polymers. It presents a case study on nylon as a tribological material. The article explains the wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) thermograms obtained on core and surface material of the bracket Abstract Six transformer brackets failed in service, sending a group of three pole-mounted transformers to the ground below. The brackets were made from acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resin and had been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Polyarylamide PARA Polybutylene terephthalate PBT Liquid crystal polymer LCP Polyoxymethylene POM Polyphenylene sulfide PPS Ethylene vinylacetate EVA Polyetheretherketone PEEK Polytetrafluoroethylene PTFE Polylactide PLA Polymethylpentene PMP Elastomers Thermoplastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... uorinated ethylene propylene ame ionization detector failure modes and effects analysis exible PVC ber-reinforced polymer (or plastic) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy glass reinforced epoxy resin glass ber glass ber reinforced polymer (or plastic) gel permeation chromatography high-density...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... analyzed using micro-FTIR in the ATR mode. The spectra obtained on both sets of parts contained absorption bands characteristic of a thermoplastic polyester, such as PBT or poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). Different types of polyester resins cannot be distinguished spectrally, because of the similar...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., because it represents softening of the material to the point that it loses load-bearing capabilities. Fig. 7 Differential scanning calorimetry used to detect glass transitions within amorphous thermoplastic resins. The (I) indicates that the numerical temperature was determined as the inflection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with permission from Elsevier Fig. 7 Specific wear rates for phenolic resin and its composites. The data are reported for various experimental conditions and pv (pressure × velocity) factors as reported in the literature as given in Table 2 . Fig. 8 Micrograph of the worn surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... in the ATR mode on a core specimen of the jacket material. The resulting spectrum was consistent with a thermoplastic polyester resin. Such materials, including PET and PBT, cannot be distinguished spectrally, and a melting point determination is usually used to distinguish these materials. The failed jacket...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the sample or impregnating the mount with resin after preparation can retain the scale for examination. Additional information is provided in the articles “Practices in Failure Analysis” and “Metallographic Techniques in Failure Analysis” in this Volume. Corrosion Testing Corrosion testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Weight Characterization of Advanced Thermoplastic Resins ,” Document ID 19900044546, International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition ( Reno, NV ), Jan 1 , 1989 , https://ntrs.nasa.gov , accessed July 15, 2021 10.1515/9783112470923-002 15. Fetters L.J. , Lohse D.J. , and Colby R.H...