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thermomechanical processing

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) refers to the process of fatigue damage under simultaneous changes in temperature and mechanical strain. This article reviews the process of TMF with a practical example of life assessment. It describes TMF damages caused due to two possible types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... sample size being characterized. Unfortunately, some of the commonly used test methods for reported mechanical properties involve test specimens (or coupons) that can be both processing- and/or geometry-dependent. ASTM and ISO specimens are prepared for typical thermomechanical characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., thermomechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The article also discusses the characterization of uncured thermosetting resins as well as the curing process. Then, the techniques to characterize the physical properties of cured thermosets and composites are presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) is the general term given to the material damage accumulation process that occurs with simultaneous changes in temperature and mechanical loading. TMF may couple cyclic inelastic deformation accumulation, temperature-assisted diffusion within the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... some advantages, mainly higher strength, higher resistance to intergranular corrosion, and lower cost when compared with austenitic stainless steels. On the other hand, DSSs have some disadvantages, such as difficult thermomechanical processing and low resistance to pitting corrosion [ 2 ]. In order...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Fig. 8 Notched modified fatigue specimen used for thermal fatigue experiments. Fig. 9 Experimental thermomechanical cycle imposed on thermal fatigue specimen. Abstract Type 347 stainless steel moderator circuit branch piping in a pressurized hot water reactor was experiencing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (SEM). The Failure Analysis Topics Table 1 The Failure Analysis Topics Hub Manufacture Thermomechanical processing and heat treatment Metallurgical defects Microstructural factors influencing fatigue Chemical composition Finishing Stress relief anneal Final machining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... thought to have influenced the failure process: a) the stress increase from the loss of a load bearing cross-sectional area of the bucket tip shroud by the conversion of metal to the corrosion product (scale), b) influence of the tip shroud microstructure (e.g., a presence of equiaxed and columnar grains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... crystalline structure. The crystalline state of a thermoplastic material affects the material’s ultimate strength, the thermomechanical properties, and the end-use performance. The extent of crystallinity can be altered by the processing or thermal history of the plastic. Crystalline polymers can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... utilized included scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermomechanical analysis, and melt flow rate determination. It was the conclusion of the investigation that the part failed via brittle fracture, with evidence also indicating low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... surgical implants, either orthopedic or dental, report their characteristics such as: biocompatibility, mechanical strength (both static and dynamic), resistance to degradation (corrosion and wear), bioadhesion (to bones), and ease of manufacture by different thermomechanical processes and availability/low...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that occur during creep testing affect properties. Although such changes may be unavoidable, in many cases, thermomechanical processing schedules can be established to influence the changes so that they tend to strengthen the material or minimize the overall effect. For example, if a heterogeneous...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... inserts. Investigation supported the conclusion that the switch housings failed via brittle fracture, likely through a creep mechanism. The failure was caused by severe embrittlement of the housing resin associated with massive molecular degradation produced during the molding process. A potential...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
.... Thermomechanical Processing of Steels and Other Materials, Thermec ’97 , TMS , Australia , 1997 , pp. 475 – 82 . 5. Ramaswamy V. , Datta R. , Chaudhuri S.K. , and Mishra S. : Proc. Symp. Emerging Technologies for New Materials and Product Mix of the Steel Industry , ASM , Metals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of through-thickness skin fracture at the front and rear spar. Following the definition of the type and extent of fracture, tests were performed to determine if any major material discrepancies existed in either fabrication or processing. Accordingly, sections of the skin, spar, and rib panels were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... to alternating temperatures of -40 and 180 deg C (-40 and 360 deg F)). Prior to molding, the resin had reportedly been dried at 135 deg C (275 deg F). The drying process usually lasted 6 h, but occasionally, the material was dried overnight. Comparison investigation (visual inspection, 20x SEM views, micro-FTIR...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...-pressure moulding processes including rotational, slush and blow moulding, and vacuum forming [ 2 , 3 ]. Thermomechanical behavior of displacement constrained components under cyclic loading induced by temperature variation is of interest in designing many different components including moulds [ 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... transfer zone of the coil. It showed that many damage mechanisms may combine in the transition from fracture initiation to final failure. The presence of grain boundary sliding as an indication of creep damage was useful in the characterization of the stress level as high and showed that the process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the applied stress in compressive creep ( Ref 11 ). The changes in microstructure that occur during creep testing can affect properties. Although such changes may be unavoidable, in many cases, thermomechanical processing schedules can be established to influence the changes so that they tend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...