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thermal-fatigue cracks

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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 75 Microstructure of failed water-wall tube showing thermal fatigue cracks emanating from outside-diameter scale deposits. Original magnification: 200× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Oxidation and thermal fatigue cracking of a cast ductile iron rotor. See also Fig. 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , and . More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Transgranular thermal fatigue crack in vaporizer coil 5. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 26 Thermal fatigue cracking at weld fusion line between grade 91 pipe and butter layer. Source: Ref 38 . Courtesy of C. Matherne More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 74 Thermal fatigue cracking on the outer surface of a stainless steel tube More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... metal. It was also determined that directionally solidified blades could minimize thermal fatigue cracking by eliminating intersection of grain boundaries with the surface. However, this improvement would be more costly than applying a protective coating. Airfoils Turbine blades Superalloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., and the steel was Grade P22, a 2.25Cr-1Mo alloy steel. Visual and metallurgical evaluations showed the cracking in the west superheater outlet header was caused by thermal fatigue. Tube holes had served as a preferential site for thermal fatigue cracking. Electric power generation Overheating Piping...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of failure involved overheating of the Cr-Mo outlet tubes, heavy oxidation, oxide cracking on thermal cycling, thermal fatigue cracking plus oxidation, creep-controlled crack growth, and rapid plastic deformation and rupture. This failure was indicative of excess temperature of the steam coming from the heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... similar to ASTM A395. Visual examination of the rotor revealed unusually heavy oxidation and thermal fatigue cracking along the edge of the gas passage. Material properties, including microstructure, composition, and hardness, of both the rotor and housing were evaluated to determine the cause of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are also discussed. The article describes the fracture characteristics of stress rupture. Information on various metallurgical instabilities is also provided. The article presents a description of thermal-fatigue cracks, as distinguished from creep-rupture cracks. creep-rupture cracks creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Analysis (visual inspection, 100x/500x metallographic examination of sections etched with a mixture of ferric chloride, hydrochloric acid, and methanol, and bend tests) supported the conclusions that cracking of the airfoil sections was caused by thermal fatigue and was contributed to by low ductility due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., the material being AISI 321 stainless steel. The purpose of the present study was to determine optimum repair welding procedures on the premise that the material was basically sound and undamaged by creep. The cracking was the result of thermal fatigue, and such cracks can propagate at elevated temperature...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Airfoil segment from a cast Stellite 31 turbine vane that failed by thermal fatigue. (a) and (b) Thermal fatigue cracks emanating from a leading edge and progressing along grain boundaries. The microstructure shows evidence of age hardening by intragranular precipitation of carbide More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of damage were also observed, including areas of oxidation, corrosion pits, voids, abrasive wear, die adhesion, and thermal fatigue. Fatigue cracking was the primary cause of failure with significant contributions from the other damage mechanisms. References References 1. Chastel Y...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Optical micrograph of the outer surface of the ring section in Fig. 5 showing thermal fatigue cracks. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Upper part of the tee joining the collector to the riser showing the repair weld on the thermal fatigue cracks. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Microstructure near the thin edge of the rotor adjacent to the gas passage. (a) General structure. 60x. (b) Ferritic matrix with transformation products. 300x. (c) Oxidation surrounding a thermal fatigue crack. 60x. All etched with nital More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the ring section in Fig. 5 showing thermal fatigue cracks. An essential feature to be reported also is that the cracks were only found on the half of the tube facing the inside of boiler, while no cracks were observed on the other half of the tube facing the outside of the boiler. Optical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... The cracking was confined to the inner diameter of the vaporizer coil at positions from 4:00 to 7:00. The cracking was characterized as transgranular and the fracture surface had beach marks. The failure mechanism was thermal fatigue. The heat transfer calculation predicted that dryout of the coil would occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...” conditions using fracture mechanics and thermal fatigue simulation tests. Failure analysis indicated that cracking had been initiated by thermal fatigue. Data from the analysis were used in making the leak-before-break predictions. It was determined that the cracks could grow to two-thirds...