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thermal spray aluminum

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... oxidation thermal-barrier coated superalloys spalling microstructural analysis operating time ECY768 (cobalt-base superalloy) Co-Ni-Cr-Al-Y (cobalt-nickel-chromium-aluminum-yttrium alloy) Introduction The largest use of coatings on superalloys is on components in the hot gas section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... cylinder and piston walls. As speeds increase and engines become more powerful, pistons will have to do even more work. Aluminum, however, could still be used for pistons by following one or more procedures. First, the piston crown could be plated with a heavy coating of nickel, or sprayed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring; and preventive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Hastelloy X nickel-base superalloy 1205 2200 1 HX (17Cr-66Ni-bal Fe) 1150 2100 1 (a) Seamless tube. (b) Electric resistance welded tube Iron oxides alone are not protective above 550 °C (1020 °F) ( Ref 5 ). Chromium, aluminum, and/or silicon assist in forming scales, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... on the design of the gate and runner system and operating conditions. High flow efficiencies, with adequate feeding to all sections of the die, and short cavity fill times are desirable. Casting defects Die castings Surface defects Zinc-aluminum alloy Casting-related failures 1. Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... opportunity is to apply remediation techniques currently in use commercially, but still, in some respects, in the development stage. Cathodic protection is the process that is used most often to extend the life of older existing bridges. Thermal-spray metal anodes, particularly thermal-spray zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... without excessive scaling. Chromium, aluminum, and silicon assist in forming more protective scales, which permit operating at higher temperatures ( Ref 4 ). Chromium oxide is stable up to 985 °C (1800 °F), above which the oxide volatizes to gaseous CrO 3 . Suggested maximum operating temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... deposition, and thermal spraying (TS). It provides a background to RCF in bearing steels in order to develop an understanding of failure modes in overlay coatings. The article describes the underpinning failure mechanisms of TiN and diamond-like carbon coatings. It presents an insight into the design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... electrochemical. Dividing corrosion or other electrochemical reactions into partial reactions makes them simpler to understand. Iron and aluminum, like zinc, are also rapidly corroded by hydrochloric acid. Thus, the problem of hydrochloric acid corrosion is simplified, because in every case, the cathodic reaction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., such as chemical composition, electrical, magnetic, mechanical, acoustic, and thermal properties. Most significant are those properties that are most different from those of the weld or base metal. It is also necessary to identify a means of discriminating between discontinuities with similar properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or a combination of ceramic and metal (cermet) materials, which are much harder than the underlying steel substrate ( Ref 136 ). Three major techniques are used for these coatings: physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and thermal spray. Physical Vapor Deposition Coatings Overlay coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... can be satisfactorily extruded. Another example of a difficult-to-accommodate manufacturing condition versus the selected material is a brazed extended heat-transfer surface featuring aluminum alloy brazing sheet fin stock bonded to aluminized stainless steel. The optimal conditions require bonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It should be pointed out that an active metal can have high resistance to corrosion if a protective oxide film develops on its surface. For instance, aluminum has a negative standard electrode potential ( V Al ∘ = –1.66 V), which drives aluminum to quickly react with the surrounding environment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are anodic to the main body of the metal and therefore less resistant to corrosion because of precipitated phases, depletion, enrichment, or adsorption. In wrought high-strength heat treatable aluminum alloys, paths of stress-corrosion cracks are always intergranular, because the thermal treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the indicated base metals Structural alloy base metal Embrittling metal Aluminum Hg, Ga, Na, In, Sn, Bi, Cd, Pb, Zn Copper Hg, Ga, In, Li, Bi, Cd, Pb Nickel Hg, In, Li, Sn, Pb, Zn, Ag Steels  Ferritic/martensitic Hg, Ga, In, Li, Sn, Cd, Pb, Zn, Te, Cu  Austenitic Hg, Li, Zn, Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... such as calcium carbonate, talc, aluminum silicate, and barium sulfate. All these fillers have a unique elemental profile. Fillers may be added for performance reasons or to simply lower the cost of the resin. Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy can identify these fillers, which may not be identifiable through...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... processing requirements should also be noted. Special processing or finishing treatments, such as shot peening, fillet rolling, burnishing, plating, thermal spraying, and painting, can influence performance, and the analyst should be aware of such treatments. Mechanical Conditions How a shaft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., of commercial alloys having the indicated base metals Table 1 Metals that have been shown to cause liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, solid-metal-induced embrittlement, or both, of commercial alloys having the indicated base metals Structural alloy base metal Embrittling metal Aluminum Hg...