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thermal diffusivity

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... stainless steel(b) 17.3 (a) Source: Ref 6 ; (b) Source: Ref 7 Thermal diffusivity at room temperature Table 2 Thermal diffusivity at room temperature Material Diffusivity cm 2 /s × 10 4 in. 2 /s × 10 4 Magnesium oxide(a) 1400 217 Iron(a) 2000 310...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... inhibited by the presence of a Cr 2 O 3 layer on the inner surface of the tube. When this film in present carbon diffusion into the tube is retarded. However, during decoking, the tube may be subjected to severe thermal shock that results in removal of the Cr 2 O 3 layer, so the carburization attack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... 293K, which creates a tremendous thermal gradient between the walls. Figure 1 represents one stage of the mercury diffusion booster-ejector pump. Fig. 1 Schematic of CVC Third Stage There are two mercury diffusion pumps (237 and 232) in the Tritium Purification process at SRS. The 237...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... C3/C4, or ferritic stainless steel alloy per ASTM 182, Grade FXM27. Boilers Chlorides Diffuser nozzles Thermal stresses CF-8 Stress-corrosion cracking The desuperheater diffuser nozzle in the steam supply line failed within 9 months of service in a 8.25 MN/m 2 (1200 psig) steam line...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and (b) inner root area of 700ES Abstract An investigation was conducted to better understand the time-dependent degradation of thermal barrier coated superalloy components in gas turbines. First-stage vanes are normally subjected to the highest gas velocities and temperatures during operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... into the gas channel. Thermal stresses cracked the embrittled weld, exposing the crack surfaces to oxidation before cooling. One of these cracks caused a stress concentration so severe that failure of the vessel wall during the proof test was inevitable. A sealing system at the split-line region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of high temperature and high oxygen content, which caused ductility loss and grain-boundary separation. The excessive oxygen content in the liner was attributed to diffusion from an oxygen-rich environment that had resulted from nonuniform mixing of propellants. The internal oxygen embrittled the alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... coatings, thermal barrier coatings, and ceramic coatings. aluminide coatings carburization ceramic coatings chloridation corrosion fatigue high temperature corrosion hot corrosion hydrogen interaction metal dusting molten metals molten salts overlay coatings oxidation protective coatings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Chemical analysis of individual components, wt% Table 2 Chemical analysis of individual components, wt% Sample ID C Mn P S Si Cu Ni Cr Mo Al V Nb Co Diffuser Intake flange 0.04 1.63 0.027 0.001 0.52 0.14 18.9 25.9 0.11 0.009 0.06 0.013 0.18 Exit flange 0.17...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... in conjunction with diffusion inwards of oxygen and sulphur. The advance of locally initiated corrosion has in the course of time been promoted by external mechanical influences particularly vibrations and thermal stresses. The cracks have a characteristic, straight cleft like shape. Fracture is therefore...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the sintering thermal cycle. Bead-to-bead bonding within the coating appeared sufficient, and no decarburized layer was present on the bead surfaces. It was concluded that the decarburization did not occur during the sintering thermal cycle. It was recommended that the prosthetic manufacturer investigate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... obvious vapor oxidation corrosion characteristics. Corrosion originated in the grain boundary, and selective oxidation occurred due to ion diffusion in the substrate. The layered oxide scale on the inner wall is related to the different diffusion rates for different cations. Exposure to high temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract An oil scavenge pump was found to have failed when a protective shear neck fractured during the start of a jet engine. Visual inspection revealed that the driven gear in one of the bearing compartments was frozen as was the corresponding drive gear. Spacer wear and thermal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0089663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... The combination of cyclic loading (thermal fatigue), an aggressive service environment (steam), and internal defects resulted in gradual crack propagation, which was, at times, intergranular-with or without corrosive attack-and, at other times, was transgranular. Casings Casting defects Crack propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The article describes the effects of environment on aero gas turbine engines and provides an overview of aging, diffusion, and interdiffusion phenomena. It also discusses the processes involved in high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) is the general term given to the material damage accumulation process that occurs with simultaneous changes in temperature and mechanical loading. TMF may couple cyclic inelastic deformation accumulation, temperature-assisted diffusion within the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... apparatus should be constructed from stainless steel to avoid corrosion product formation on the apparatus surface. All moving parts should be coated in molybdenum grease to prevent stiction. Because moisture diffusion is a thermally activated process strongly dependent on temperature, diffusivity ( D...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to describe, and no single word properly fits. Corrosion involves a combination of different mechanisms, such as dissolution and invasive penetration (where diffusion, grain boundary, and stress corrosion may all be present), and oxidation-reduction reactions (where absorption, desorption, and mass transport...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article introduces some of the general sources of heat treating problems with particular emphasis on problems caused by the actual heat treating process and the significant thermal and transformation stresses within a heat treated part. It addresses the design and material factors...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The effects mentioned previously will occur in both amorphous and crystalline plastics, but they may not be as visibly evident in crystalline ones. Crystalline plastics often do not appear to be as affected by interactions with solvents, since diffusion of solvent into the crystalline regions is much more...