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thermal detection techniques

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... monitoring of parts in service. These include techniques such as Barkhausen noise detection, acoustic emission, vibration analysis, leak detection, and strain gages. These applications of NDE technology in production and in-service settings also are important to recognize and understand during a failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Materials Handbook , ASM International , 1988 , p 21 7. “Polymer Characterization: Laboratory Techniques and Analysis,” Noyes Publications , 1996 , p 15 8. Driscoll S.B. , Physical, Chemical, and Thermal Analysis of Thermoplastic Resins , Engineering Plastics , Vol 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or decomposition for polymers. Improper tapes and adhesives could leave residues that are detected by more sensitive techniques and can be misinterpreted as part of actual data in the chemical analysis. Surface finishes, paints, coatings, and other treatments can obscure the true chemistry of the metal and must...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is bombarded with a beam of electrons. Light elements to boron (atomic number 5) can be detected, and semiquantitative analysis can be made for atomic numbers of 11 (sodium) and higher. This is the most generally used microchemical analysis technique in failure investigations. A rapid qualitative analysis can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that the etching technique to be used is known before the sample is mounted, to enable correct selection of mounting material. For example, when using thermal etching techniques or salt melt etching techniques, the sample should be removed from the mount before etching. When etching in a boiling chemical solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... for fuel-to air heat exchanger that cracked due to poor welding technique and unfavorable joint design. Dimensions given in inches Fig. 26 Thermal fatigue cracking at weld fusion line between grade 91 pipe and butter layer. Source: Ref 38 . Courtesy of C. Matherne Fig. 27 Cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... spectroscopy system. RF, radio frequency. Source: Ref 3 Metal chips, shavings, or cuttings that are not suitable for OES analysis can be analyzed by ICP-OES techniques. A sample mass of at least 100 mg is preferred to obtain high-precision results with low detection limits. Lower sample masses can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...), penetrant testing (PT), and magnetic particle testing (MT) and can help detect cracks, pores, and other discontinuities on or open to the surface. A technique must be chosen so that the part is inspected in such a way as not to impart additional damage to the component or disturb, obscure, or destroy any...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The precipitates responsible for the strengthening effect have been identified as Ni 2 Si [ 2 , 3 ]. Ni 2 Si particles with lower solubility in a-grains at room temperature significantly improve the strength of such alloys. In this work, cracks were detected in two steady clamps made of CuNi 2 Si (per DIN 2.0855...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... characterization of surfaces Technique Information Analysis depth Analysis area Detection limit Ease of use EDS Elemental <5 μm <1 μm <1 at.% Easy WDS Elemental <5 μm >1 μm <0.1 at.% Easy AES Elemental <5 nm >100 nm <0.5 at.% Moderate XPS Elemental...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... the wire reinforcing strands. Radiographic NDT techniques have been proved able to accurately detect corrosion of the strands in the region adjacent to the coupling. Further work is required to establish the optimal changeout frequency of hydraulic hoses to take into account the effects of possible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., and/or changes in maintenance. Nondestructive inspections by visual, magnetic particle, ultrasonic, and radiographic methods for detecting and monitoring damage are discussed. These failures are presented to provide hindsight that will help others in increasing the success rate for anticipating and analyzing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... for Matrix PBGA Warpage Prediction , Seventh Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITHERM) , 2000 23. Grosshardt O. , Nagy B.Á. , and Laetsch A. , Applying Microscopic Analytic Techniques for Failure Analysis in Electronic Assemblies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Problem-Solving Techniques for Computer-Aided Engineering , Butterworth-Heinemann (imprint of Elsevier) , Oxford, U.K. , 2012 41. Prueter P.E. , Bifano M.F.P. , Kummari S.R. , and Hantz B.F. , A Comparative Study of the Thermal-Mechanical Behavior and Fatigue Life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... contaminants from the glass bottles used to contain the water samples. Among the anions analyzed, Cl − was detected at levels of <0.1 to 0.75 ppm and SO 2+ 4 at levels of 0.31 to 1.8 ppm. Nondestructive examinations of the three components by dye-penetrant, ultrasonic, and eddy current techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... formations that can be relieved by HIP. However, even though defects can be detected by nondestructive inspection techniques and relieved by postprocessing HIP, consistency has yet to be achieved for processing the same alloy for multiple processing chambers. Robustness may be limited by the inconsistency...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Techniques,” Technical Paper, Imperial Chemical Industries , Cleveland, U.K. , Oct 1986 , p 405 – 414 . 2. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 3 , Properties and Selection: Stainless Steels, Tool Materials and Special Purpose Metals , American Society for Metals , 1980 , p 214 . Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Failures,” EPRI Report CS-1967, August 1981 . 4. Benedict R. P. , Wonn J. W. , Luongo M. C. , and Wyler J. S. , “Detection of Water Induction in Steam Turbines,” EPRI Report CS-1604, November 1980 . 5. Rettig T. , Kinsman K. , and Richman R...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... chromatography (IC) was used to determine the relative concentrations of several anionic constituents in the deposits on the inside of the pipe. IC is a wet chemistry technique and requires dissolution of the dry deposits. The results of the key anionic species detected are shown in Table 2 . Results of Ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conditions. These types of microscopes require a somewhat more complex vacuum system and thus are more expensive than a conventional or thermal-field-emission instrument. All SEMs can be divided into three basic systems of components: the electron optical column, signal detection and display equipment...