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thermal deformation

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... sequence of failure involved overheating of the Cr-Mo outlet tubes, heavy oxidation, oxide cracking on thermal cycling, thermal fatigue cracking plus oxidation, creep-controlled crack growth, and rapid plastic deformation and rupture. This failure was indicative of excess temperature of the steam coming...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and some instances of nonclassical behavior. This is followed by a brief description of microstructural changes and damage from creep deformation. Some of the key material properties at high temperature are thermal expansion coefficient, stress rupture, elastic modulus, fatigue life, and oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The entire surface of the die was covered with fatigue cracks and many fillets had been plastically deformed. Several other types of damage were also observed, including areas of oxidation, corrosion pits, voids, abrasive wear, die adhesion, and thermal fatigue. Fatigue cracking was the primary cause...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analyzed using optical and scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The exterior surfaces of all six brackets were alike and shared similar features, including witness marks, discoloration, mechanical deformation, and secondary...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... 7 Finite element model used in the design of a Yankee dryer. (a) Finite element analysis (FEA) model. (b) Deformed shape showing stress state resulting from thermal, pressure, and rotational loads. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 8 Finite element model showing analysis of corrosion jacking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of these effects is needed, then the results of the thermal analysis are used in a structural analysis to evaluate how the temperature profile creates a thermal deformation profile. These thermal deformations can be incorporated with other loads in a structural analysis to determine the overall response. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the wear particles. By periodic analysis of wear debris and contaminant particles, it is possible to avoid catastrophic failure of machines. A bearing may fail unexpectedly due to unanticipated wear, thermal deformation, crack, or fracture. It is necessary to understand and determine the root causes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of residual stress. Whenever the thermal expansion or contraction of a body is prevented, thermal stresses appear. The magnitude of stresses is related to the yield stress of the material at the temperature at which the deformation occurred; if these stresses are large enough, they cause yielding, fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... design studies and failure analyses. Therefore, as stated previously, modulus at temperature is of importance. Thermal expansion can impose additional strain and must also be considered. The classical pattern of creep deformation fits many materials under various test conditions. However, even though...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...-1-0011 ( 2006 ) Selected References Selected References • Becker W.T. and Lampman S. , Fracture Appearance and Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , Becker W.T. and Shipley R.J. , Ed., ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the added heat will cause the steel to rupture under the stress of deformation. In this case, the rupture will manifest itself as surface cracks that are often ragged in appearance and readily visible to the naked eye. Thermal cracks may occur as a result of nonuniform temperatures in the forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... exhibiting slip-dominated failure. (b) Out-of-phase bithermal fatigue TMF exhibiting large-scale viscoplastic deformation (fatigue creep). Source: Ref 3 Fig. 6 (a) Cross section near the fracture surface of a single-crystal nickel-base superalloy tested in thermomechanical fatigue (TMF...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... thermal conductivity, cause lack of cooling in the tube walls, raising temperature in some sites, and as a consequence, the deformation and rupture of these ones, thus leading to the formation of the so-called knee or orange in the tubes [ 1 ]. Elimination of the soluble gases, especially carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Metallographic Studies Various studies were carried out to examine the integrity of the sleeve plate material—Incoloy 800. The sleeve had failed after continuous service of 15 years. The failure is in the form of cracking, crumbling, deforming, and thinning of the sleeve material at the circumferential edge...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... for the materials of interest. bimetal plate shear failure impact energy nickel-base superalloy carbon steel plastic deformation shear testing adhesion strength Inconel 625 (nickel-base superalloy) UNS N06625 ASTM A517 (low carbon steel) Introduction Experimental Procedure Results...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Cyclic Deformation and Phase Transformation in Cavitation Erosion of Alloys , Int. Conf. on Cavitation , C453/051, Institution of Mechanical Engineers , 1992 , p 87 – 94 17. Richman R.H. , Deformation-Induced Martensite and Resistance to Cavitation Erosion , J. Phys. (France) IV...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., permitting plastic deformation to occur. Material at the coil ID is then plastically deformed while material adjacent to the liquid pool is elastically deformed, which sets up thermally induced stress gradients when the total system cycles. This is one of the criteria used to associate the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the root cause of an overload failure. It also presents examples of thermally and environmentally induced embrittlement effects that can alter the overload fracture behavior of metals. atomic structure brittle cracking crack propagation crystalline structure ductile cracking ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... variety of metalworking operations that can be roughly divided into bulk-working operations and sheet-forming operations ( Ref 1 ). The general distinction here is that bulk working imposes material flow in all directions, while sheet-forming operations are typically limited to two-dimensional deformation...