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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... deflection, greatly increasing the torsional stresses on the spring. To understand the fatigue limits under these test conditions, a bench test was used to establish the fatigue strength of the springs. The bench tests showed that the failed springs had an unacceptable surface texture that reduced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... overstress as the smooth-textured fatigue zone was relatively large compared with the crystalline textured coarse final-fracture zone. The fatigue crack was nucleated by the nonmetallic inclusion that intersected the surface and initiated in the 0.25 mm radius fillet at a change in section due to stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... axially in the raceway and was flanked by areas of markedly different-textured flaking damage. Stringers of nonmetallic inclusions were revealed at the origin during metallographic examination of a section parallel to the axially oriented origin. Thus it was concluded that the failure was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to the throttle-linkage bar by an assembly-weld deposit made on the rod adjacent to the threaded portion. The fracture surface exhibited a coarse-grain brittle texture with an initiating crack at a thread root. The throttle-arm failed by brittle fracture because of the presence of cracks at the thread roots...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... micrograph revealed this area also displayed an intergranular texture. One of a group of small grinding cracks on the ID of the cylinder nucleated the failure. Other evidence indicated the cracks developed when the cylinder was ground during overhaul. Aircraft components Cylinders Grinding cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on the chamfer and the other from the undamaged area on the chamfer. The shape and texture of the fracture surfaces were typical of spalling. The fracture was conchoidal and exhibited a complete lack of plastic deformation. White etching bands that intersected the face and chamfer were revealed during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of a sectioned terminal specimen. It was indicated by the holes in the region adjoining the crack and rough texture of the crack surface that a corrosive medium (presumably seawater) had entered the crack from the inner surface of the fitting and coupled with the hairline crack to develop crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... was of a smooth texture, the fracture was brightly crystalline indicative of a brittle failure. Microscopic examination showed the material was a low-carbon steel in the normalized condition; no abnormal features were observed. The basic cause of failure was the presence of a fatigue crack at the change...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the visual, fractographic, and metallographic evidence typically encountered when analyzing stress rupture of turbine airfoils. Stress-rupture fractures are generally heavily oxidized, tend to be rough in texture, and are primarily intergranular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... from Crank #2, pin #2 Fig. 6 Woody textured fracture on Crank #1, pin #2 Fig. 7 Woody textured fracture on Crank #2, pin #2 Fig. 8 Woody textured fracture on Crank #1 Fig. 9 Fatigue crack progression outwards from the woody texture of fracture towards the journal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... fracture on both sides of the eye. These cracks caused severe stress concentration, a condition that induces abrupt overload failure under impact conditions, particularly in hardened steels. The low temperatures on the day of failure were also a contributing factor. The texture of the initial fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... a zone of heavily deformed grains at the fracture edge. The microstructure and the hardness of the screw corresponded to the standards. Fig. 1 Mechanically forced shearing fracture of type 316LR stainless steel screw. (a) Fracture surface with typical spiral deformation texture. SEM. (b) Close-up...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Surface texture is not typical of hydrogen embrittlement. 578×. (d) Higher-magnification view of crater. Texture is very rough and not typical of gas porosity Analysis of small particles within the crater was not possible. 1156× Fig. 6 Cross section through subsurface flaw. (a) Deformed metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... The profile of the fractured surface exhibited a rough texture that is typically associated with the ductile tensile overload observed using SEM. No evidence was found to indicate that this texture had an orientation other than perpendicular to the fracture surface. Such a condition suggested that shear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... to promote a ferrite matrix structure. This is an acceptable procedure to achieve the 60-40-18 grade of ductile iron. The profile of the fractured surface exhibited a rough texture that is typically associated with the ductile tensile overload observed using SEM. No evidence was found to indicate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... All three had a rough-textured surface on the inside diameter, and separator 2 also had a rough outside surface. The amount of rough texturing was least severe on separator 3. None of the rough texturing exhibited a distinguishable orientation. Crescent-shaped, dished-out metal loss features...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... had coarse textures and contained tool marks ( Fig. 1d ); the tool marks had been formed during the spring-winding operation. The other unbroken spring had a relatively smooth-textured surface and no tool marks. The microstructure of the wire in all four springs was normal. Chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ) 10.1016/j.triboint.2011.05.017 12. Kenji K. , Yukio S. , X-ray texture analysis on cyclic shearing deformation due to rolling contact fatigue . J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Jpn. 53 , 300 – 305 ( 2004 ) 10.2472/jsms.53.300 13. Kenji K. , Yasuo I. , Yukio S. , Texture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Analysis/Identification The features exhibited by the valve stems and seats are characteristic of erosion-corrosion: selected area gouging, the wavy texture of the gouged areas, the absence of corrosion product in the gouged area, the adherent, protective corrosion product on adjacent surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... The cracking ran along the longitudinal axis of the part and exhibited an irregular pattern. The surfaces of the part presented a flaky texture, without substantial integrity, and displayed significant discoloration. The irregular crack pattern, flaky texture, and discoloration were apparent on all surfaces...