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tension-to-tension fatigue testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... force, usually are monitored and recorded. When properly conducted, the tension test provides force-extension data that can quantify several important mechanical properties of a material. The mechanical properties that can be determined from tension tests include, but are not limited to: Elastic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the outer surface in residual compression. However, the bellows was placed in tension when installed, and the tensile stresses reopened the microcrack. This five to eight grain diameter microcrack was extended by ductile fatigue processes. Initial extension was by relatively rapid propagation through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... overhead wires due to variations in atmospheric (temperature) conditions. Clearly, the integrity of the wire rope is key to the success of the auto tensioning device. Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the winch-type regulating assembly showing the use of wire rope User's specifications state that the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... article. While the term thermomechanical fatigue is also broadly applied to define testing procedures, generic environmental exposure (both high- and low-temperature exposure), and other aspects of material evolution, this article limits the application of the term thermomechanical fatigue to the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... maximum stress under simple tension. Because nearly all service fatigue cracks did not occur at the threads but initiated from the oil orifices, cracking can likely be attributed to slight misalignment that caused bending as well as tension and to the force of the oil on the surface immediately above and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A helical compression spring with ten turns made of 1.8 mm thick wire which was under high pressure during tension applied to a rocker arm broke on the test stand in the third turn. The fracture was a torsion fracture that initiated in the highly loaded inner fiber and showed in its...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... curvature, preheated, then solution treated, water quenched, and then aged for 8 to 10 h. Analysis (visual inspection, slow-bend testing, 65x macrographic analysis, macroetching, spectrographic analysis, hardness tests, microhardness tests, tension tests, and microscopic examination) supported the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0090994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... sites. Recommendations included evaluating the manufacturing steps to identify the process(es) wherein the cracking was likely occurring. It was further recommended that a suitable nondestructive method such as magnetic particle inspection be implemented. Phosphating (coating) Tension springs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0090943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... with many types of inclusions. Chemical analysis revealed a standard high-strength, manganese bronze composition, and the weld filler metal was considered compatible. Tension testing of specimens removed from gear segments remote to repairs revealed tensile strengths near 690 MPa (100 ksi), yield...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis ( Ref 24 ) and testing have made it possible to analyze complex thermal cycles and to conduct thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) tests under controlled conditions. However, isothermal LCF tests and TMF tests should not be considered equivalent, because it has been shown that for the same total strain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fractographic, metallographic, chemical, and mechanical property (tension and impact toughness) analyses were conducted. On the basis of the tests and observations, it was concluded that the failure was the combined result of poor notch toughness (impact) properties of the steel, high stresses in the joint area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and tooth bottom. The remaining failure was a fine-grained ductile fracture. It was found that the teeth were not supported uniformly over the entire width and were thus overloaded on one side. The transition from the tooth flanks to the tooth bottom was sharp-edged, causing a tension peak there. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... component, and Ni-Al bronze, which has a history of success in naval applications. Material samples were examined using chemical analysis, SEM imaging, and corrosion testing. Investigators also analyzed precracked tension specimens, exposing them to different conditions to quantify stress intensity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... manufacturer welded the inner race to the carrier in a single pass. After several years of service, the attachment weld between the bearing inner race and the turntable failed in the area adjacent to the heat-affected zone. The fracture zone where there was the greatest tension was heavily oxidized. In the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... conditions was the major cause of failure. Recommendations emphasized the need for a suitable shock absorber to be fitted at the constant-tensioning device of the winch system. Military applications Military planes Shock loading Fe-0.8C (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surface Configuration of the cavity Ability of the liquid to wet the surface Size of surface opening of the cavity Surface tension of the liquid Contact angle of the liquid Cleanliness of the cavity The liquid penetrants are either a very bright color (visual penetrant) or contain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... fillet surfaces of a failed (left) and whole journal. Magnification 2.20 times. (AISI 4340 steel, heat treated and nitrided all over) Fig. 3 Grinding burn area (hard, brittle white layer of untempered martensite; Rc 54 to 56) and microcracks (arrows) on fillet surface near fatigue origin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., fractography, and microhardness testing were used to gain an understanding of the failure mechanism. Wire failures occurred predominantly at characteristic wear sites between strands. These wear sites are identifiable by a large reduction in diameter; however, reduction in area was not responsible for the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... outside surface of the tube. At the fin tip, this pressing subjects the tube to a localized bending stress in which the outside is in compression and the inside in tension. The results indicate the failures were due to corrosion fatigue whose stresses were primarily thermally induced. Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the coefficient of friction between the crack faces. Several attempts have been made to explain the wear mechanisms in brittle materials ( Ref 19 ). In the case of brittle materials, cracks may occur on the surface, due to tension or subsurface cracks parallel to the contact path due to shear...