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target reliability

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method, the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... UT, ultrasonic testing. Source: Ref 25 Fig. 16 Types of anode targets in x-ray tubes. (a) Transmission type. (b) Reflection type. (c) Rotating reflection type Fig. 20 Experimental curve of film unsharpness, U f , against x-ray energy (filtered sources). Source: Ref 31...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0090030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (Design Assessment of Reliability With INspection), has been developed under FAA funding that is specifically tailored to perform a probabilistic analysis of titanium rotors subject to HA ( Ref 6 ). DARWIN integrates finite-element stress analysis, fracture mechanics analysis, nondestructive inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract Reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. This article discusses the history of RCM and describes the key characteristics of an RCM process, which involves asking seven questions. The first four questions comprise a form...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... versus Low Voltage Secondary Electrons Backscattered Electrons Characteristic X-rays All SEMS require a vacuum system to allow an electron beam to be produced and directed onto the target material. The constraints placed on the vacuum system depend on the type of SEM. With the advent of low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and directed onto the target material. The constraints placed on the vacuum system depend on the type of SEM. With the advent of variable-pressure and environmental SEMs, the design of vacuum systems has changed from a simple vacuum chamber to a multistage chamber with various levels of vacuum produced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to be included in the target population, it is possible to more accurately characterize failure mechanisms, objectively assess consequences of a failure, and to formulate appropriate corrective actions. TU Electric has implemented a strategy to respond to the issue of fatigue-induced failures of socket-welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the 35 to 40 keV range are incident on the target material. This is possible because the total wattage of the device is very low, less than 5 W, which is much lower than a typical dental x-ray. The incident x-ray photons excite characteristic x-rays from the surface of the sample, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... situations, the bodies tend to be large and contact in a well-defined location in a controlled way, unlike erosion where the eroding particles are small and interact randomly with the target surface. This article describes some generic features and modes of impact wear of metals, ceramics, and polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fast; field kits available Potential for sulfate reduction Most probable number (MPN) Number of microbes On site Leading Selects only target microorganisms; can take weeks to get results NextGen sequencing Community analysis Laboratory Leading Field units are appearing; relatively fast...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... program to establish a baseline of acceptable behavior for comparison with ASB. The limited material and time available for this particular experimental program do not provide statistically reliable values for this parameter; the intent of this paper is to show how the limited data can be used to bound...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The first is termed a problem statement , or definition of the problem , while the second is termed a specification , a target specification , or more correctly a design specification . Both of these are essential if a solution to the problem that satisfies all parties is to be found. Considerable...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., is closely related to erosive wear. The main difference is that in impact wear, the bodies tend to be large and contact in a well defined location in a controlled way, whereas in erosion, the eroding particles are small and interact randomly with the target surface. Many industrial situations involve...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... components or larger scale structures and assemblies have probably run into someone who wanted to do a failure analysis without considering a contribution from an experienced materials engineer. While the analyst may reach a conclusion in this manner, its value should be questioned. A reliable understanding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and reliability questions. Life assessment methods for elevated-temperature failure mechanisms and metallurgical instabilities that reduce life or cause loss of function or operating time of high-temperature components are described in this article. The review is intended for the purpose of informing failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be extended to two or more profiles with their K α 2 peaks removed, using the Rachinger correction. Because the intensity ratio and the difference in wavelength, Δλ, of the K α 1 and K α 2 lines is known for all x-ray tube targets, two functions (such as Pearson VII, Gaussian, modified Lorentzian, etc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... have likely run into someone who wanted to do a failure analysis without considering a contribution from an experienced materials engineer. While the analyst may reach a conclusion in this manner, its value should be questioned. A reliable understanding of what happened and why it happened requires...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of corrosion-control methods, equipment, and services; cost of labor attributed to corrosion management; cost of use of more expensive materials to lessen corrosion damage; and cost of lost revenue, loss of reliability, and loss of capital due to corrosion deterioration. Only selected industrial sectors were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to two or more profiles with their K α 2 peaks removed, using the Rachinger correction. Because the intensity ratio and the difference in wavelength, Δλ, of the K α 1 and K α 2 lines is known for all x-ray tube targets, two functions (such as Pearson VII, Gaussian, modified Lorentzian, etc...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and service is an essential engineering process for continual improvement in product reliability. This article describes the general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The stages of investigation are discussed...