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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was occasionally used in the system. Analysis (visual inspection and 250x micrograph) supported the conclusions that failure of the latch was caused by plastic deformation from extensive loss of metal by galvanic corrosion and the sudden loading related to the tripping of the valve. Failure in some regions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A white cast iron water-line plug in a fire sprinkler systems split during leak repair. Examination revealed no material flaws, fatigue, or excessive corrosion. The plug head exhibited signs of excessive loads used in attempts to force the plug farther into the pipe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... ductility. Bend tests Cooling systems Surface defects Tubes Water cooling 6061-T6 UNS A96061 Fatigue fracture Metalworking-related failures Several of the aluminum alloy 6061-T6 drawn seamless tubes connecting an array of headers to a system of water-cooling pipes failed from causes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... UNS S30400 Heat treating-related failures Intergranular fracture During a routine maintenance procedure at a power station, dye-penetrant examination revealed linear indications on the outer surface of a cross in a piping system. The cross was specified as SA403 type WP 304 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The outlet-piping system of a steam-reformer unit failed by extensive cracking at four weld locations. The welded system consisted of Incoloy 800 (Fe-32Ni-21Cr-0.05C) pipe and fittings. The exterior surfaces of the system were insulated with rock wool that did not contain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract This paper presents a failure analysis of a reverse shaft in the transmission system of an all-terrain vehicle (ATV). The reverse shaft with splines fractured into two pieces during operation. Visual examination of the fractured surface clearly showed cracks initiated from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Cam crack failures are a common occurrence in cam-follower systems often caused by excessive loading or inappropriate operating conditions. An investigation into such a failure was conducted to assess the effect of cam crack damage on the dynamic behavior of cam-follower...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... representation of wire spacers positioned on the external surface of the concentric pipe In the present case, the operation of a dynamic positioning ship was interrupted due to loss of pressure on the CPP system. Closer analysis revealed that the failure was concentrated at the concentric pipe inside...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 49 Stress-corrosion failure of an Apollo Ti-6Al-4V reaction control system (RCS) pressure vessel due to nitrogen tetroxide. (a) Failed vessel after exposure to pressurized N 2 O 4 for 34 h. (b) Cross section through typical stress-corrosion cracks. 250× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract This paper deals with disk drive failures that occur in the interface area between the head and disk. The failures often lead to the loss of stored data and are characterized by circumferential microscratches that are usually visible to the unaided eye. The recording media...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., in relatively short-time periods, and system failure can occur within months of exposure. Some of the primary factors contributing to the initiation of bacteria growth, and subsequent failure, can be avoided by the proper implementation of materials and corrosion engineering. The use of the wrong material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., or develop compensating provisions in case the failure should occur. A structured approach to the FMEA ensures that all appropriate failure modes are analyzed, that the system satisfies its fault mitigation requirements, and that these requirements are properly allocated. The FMEA methodology can be usefully...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the analysis of the evidence with a quantitative understanding of the stressors and background information on the design, manufacture, and service history of the failed product or system. Just as failure analysis is a proven discipline for identifying the physical roots of failures, root-cause analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... feature is a failure of its intended aesthetic function. Failure can be defined on several different levels. The simplest form of a failure is a system or component that operates but does not perform its intended function ( Ref 1 ). This is considered a loss of function. A jet engine that runs but can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the failure mechanisms as a function of materials. As well, the mechanisms were correlated with the main failure causes (i.e., design, material selection, manufacturing and maintenance). Data Banks Surveyed The Canadian Forces aircraft maintenance management information system and the aircraft accident...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... a joint in the supporting girders and could be considered one of the principal fasteners in the track system. Analysis (visual inspection, metallographic exam, and hardness testing) supported the conclusions that fatigue induced by the overhead movement of the crane produced failure of the bolt. The bolt...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and mode interchangeably; in doing so, it is unclear that two distinct characteristics need to be assessed. Sometimes this occurs because, within a given system, the same wording is used to describe both the failure mode and mechanism. For example, pitting describes a damage mode because the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Carlo sampling probabilistic analysis probability of failure response surface method risk analysis system reliability target reliability time-variant reliability APPLICATION of probabilistic analysis methods for life assessment of structural components is becoming more prevalent because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... system, the same wording is used to describe both the failure mode and mechanism. For example, corrosion pitting describes a damage mode because the surface of a material contains hemispherical pits. Pitting is also a possible damage mechanism in some systems. For example, in boiler tubing a pitting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... flux leakage (MFL) inspection, ultrasonic testing (UT), and evaluation of the external cathodic protection (CP) system were used in the failure analysis. The corrosion products were analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX). The failure is attributed to the ingress of water and its...