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synthesis method

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... psi) ( Ref 6 , 25 – 27 ). The different methods for producing CNTs are as follows ( Ref 25 – 27 , 29 ): Surface-mediated growth of vertically aligned tubes by plasma-enhanced vapor deposition Chemical vapor deposition Laser ablation High-pressure carbon monoxide Arc discharge...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in the inside surfaces of the crown areas would also be tensile. Fig. 5 Reshuffling of residual stresses after hacksaw cutting at a location in the straight portion of a dished end Discussion Synthesis of Evidence The TGSCC cracks were heavily branched with macro- and microbranches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... required about surfaces in failure analysis experiments varies from failure to failure. Understanding the various analytical techniques allows analysts to select the most appropriate method(s) to obtain the data needed for each failure. In many cases, a combination of analytical techniques may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Reinforced polymers (RPs) are widely used in structural, industrial, automotive, and engineering applications due to their ecofriendly nature and the potential to manipulate their properties. This article addresses the technical synthesis of RPs, referring to their tribological...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... various sources viz., soil, caves, and teeth pulp stone [ 18 – 21 ]. Recently, Chen et al. [ 19 ] investigated bacteria-mediated ( Proteus mirabilis ) synthesis of metal carbonate minerals with unusual morphologies and structures. To the best of our knowledge, there are almost no reports...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral procedure of the entire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... matrix. Modern technical polymers or plastics are a mixture of matrix materials and a multitude of additional components. These can be additives required for the specific performance of the plastics material but also impurities from synthesis or processing of the material. Technical plastics are also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., selection of a probability distribution, the failure model definition, and a definition of the probability of failure. The article also explains the solution techniques for special cases and general solution techniques, such as first-second-order reliability methods, the advanced mean value method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... reviews fatigue assessment methods incorporated in international design and post construction codes and standards, with special emphasis on evaluating welds. Specifically, the stress-life approach, the strain-life approach, and the fracture mechanics (crack growth) approach are described. An overview...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and production methods in manufacturing. Because of the many variables involved, implant failure analysis is a complex area of study. Despite the care taken in their design, installation, operation, and machining, components fail. Although only a small fraction of implants fail, failure is a common occurence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... [ 9 ] proposed a modification on the cam shape. Chew and Chung [ 10 ] presented a direct procedure based on the generalized Lagrange multiplier method to minimize the residual vibration. Sergeyev [ 11 ] investigated the effects of manufacturing and assembly errors in conoid mechanisms. Lin and Hwang...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... and Boyde A. : “Comparison of Various Methods for Reducing Measurements from Stereo-Pair Scanning Electron Micrographs to ‘Real 3-D Data’,” Scanning Electron Microscopy Symposium , Chicago , 1972 . 3. Landes J.D. , Begley J.A. , and Clarke G.A. : “Elastic-Plastic Fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of these units is a 1000 short ton/day ammonia plant designed by M.W.Kellogg and is situated in IJmuiden (NL). Synthesis gas for ammonia manufacture is made in a top-fired furnace by reforming a steam/methane gas mixture over a nickel catalyst. The pre-heated gas mixture enters spun cast catalyst tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the design process, but with reversed roles of synthesis and analysis. See the article “Materials Selection for Failure Prevention” in this Volume Knowing which approach to use is at least as important as knowing how to use it. This article describes some of the factors and conditions that might...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... MANUFACTURING (AM) refers to a group of free-form fabrication technologies that incrementally build up a solid part by computer-controlled deposition of material from a digital solid model. The technology is an outgrowth and broadening of rapid prototyping methods that were developed in the 1980s to accelerate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of synthesis and analysis. Knowing which approach to use is at least as important as knowing how to use it. This article describes some of the factors and conditions that may be considered when approaching a failure analysis problem. In any case, whichever approach is taken, it is always important to cultivate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and wear failures. The article provides information on the synthesis and interpretation of results from the investigation. Finally, it presents key guidelines for conducting a failure analysis. chemical analysis corrosion failure corrosion testing data collection failure analysis fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... follow a statistical distribution, the life prediction is a statistical probability. The life prediction used is typically L 10 (the number of cycles before which 10% of the bearings are expected to have failed). Lundberg and Palmgren ( Ref 7 , 8 ) developed an experimental life method that is still...