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swelling

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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 6 Example of die design accounting for die swell More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract The maximum life of base-loaded headers and piping is not possible to be predicted until they develop microcracking. The typical elements of a periodic inspection program after the occurrence of the crack was described extensively. Cracks caused by creep swelling in the stub-to-header...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Metal-framed polycarbonate (PC) ophthalmic lenses shattered from acetone solvent-induced cracking. The lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracks with solvent swelling and crazing. A laboratory accident splashed acetone onto the lenses. The metal frames gripped approximately two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... are also irreversible processes, may be more noticeable. Physical effects, which are reversible, include fluid absorption or swelling, that is, plasticization. With reversible effects, the material regains its original properties once the environment is desorbed. Chemical Interactions Aggressive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0048303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract A tube in a radiant superheater, the boiler of which is coal fired, failed by creep after 17 years of service. The failed tube was specified to be made of ASME SA-213, grade T-22. Measurable swelling of the tube diameter by about 2.4 mm and tube wastage caused by corrosion or erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... The microstructure near the rupture edge was revealed by metallographic examination to consist of ferrite and acicular martensite or bainite. The microstructure and the observed lack of cold work indicated a temperature above the transformation temperature of 727 deg C had been reached. Swelling of the tubes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The tubes of a stationary industrial boiler, 64 mm in diam and made of 1.25Cr-0.5Mo steel (ASME SA-213, grade T-11) failed by two different types of rupture. Noticeable swelling of the tubes in the area of rupture was revealed by visual examination. The tubes with slight longitudinal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A carbon steel furnace tube which should have given good service for ten years ruptured after one year. The tube showed obvious swelling at the point of rupture, and the bulged surface of the tube was oxidized at a temperature far above the design temperature. There was little...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., and addresses related considerations such as melt viscosity and melt strength, crystallization, orientation, die swell, melt fracture, shrinkage, molded-in stress, and polymer degradation. composition elastic modulus engineering plastics polymer properties polymer structure shear rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... materials and resins. It explains how absorbed moisture affects a wide range of properties, including glass transition temperature, flexural and shear modulus,creep, stress relaxation, swelling, tensile and yield strength, and fatigue cracking. It provides relevant data on common polymers, resins, and fiber...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 Failed polycarbonate lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracking associated with solvent swelling and cracking More
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 2 The failed polycarbonate ophthalmic lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracks which were associated with solvent swelling and crazing. Approximately 0.55×. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Uncoated and aluminide-coated IN-713 turbine blades that failed by hot corrosion in a marine environment. (a) An uncoated blade showing splitting along the leading edge and swelling on the surface of the airfoil. 2.7x. (b) Section taken through the leading edge of an uncoated blade More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... adjacent to the two brazed ends exhibited extensive swelling. Fig. 3 Dimensional profiles of the dashpot before (left) and after failure. Dimensions given in millimetres. *Portions blown off during the accident. **Measurements of the flattened tubular portion Dimensional measurements made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... was considered to be premature. Investigation The airfoils of the uncoated blades exhibited splitting along the leading edges and swelling on the surfaces, indicating severe hot corrosion ( Fig. 1a ). Metallographic examination of an uncoated blade confirmed hot-corrosion damage by revealing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... or the linking of two cracks, for example), the supercritically heated liquid can boil homogeneously, causing a two-phase swell. Venart offers several options for how this swell could precipitate a BLEVE. The first scenario is that the top portion of the tank, which is above the liquid level, becomes heated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to the assembly recorder, oil pressure of swelling bore was 130 MPa when press-fitting gear and gear-shaft (the specified pressure: ≤210 MPa). The oil-pressed hole can be approximately considered to be a thick-walled cylinder subjected to an internal pressure. The stresses generated by the internal pressure P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... degradation of the polymer, breaking the macromolecular chains, reducing molecular weight, and diminishing polymer properties as a result. Each of these effects is examined in subsequent paragraphs. Plasticization, Solvation, and Swelling Certain interactions between liquid chemicals and polymers can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., which is gray semi-conductor (alpha) tin. The alpha form of tin has a larger crystal structure than the metallic, beta form of tin. Therefore, during the transformation to alpha tin, there is a volume increase in the material. Typically, tin will swell by around 26% [ 1 ]. The transformation...