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surface analysis

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Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 36 SEM fracture-surface analysis of the failed hip prosthesis shown in Fig. 33 . (a) Fracture surface showing three distinct grains labeled A, B, and C. (b) Grain A has a shallow crystallographically oriented fracture structure. (c) Grain B has a crystallographically oriented fracture More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 SEM fracture-surface analysis of the failed hip prosthesis shown in Fig. 1 . (a) Fracture surface showing three distinct grains labeled A, B, and C. (b) Grain A has a shallow crystallographically oriented fracture structure. (c) Grain B has a crystallographically oriented fracture More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... known as photoelectron spectroscopy for chemical analysis), and secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) are used to analyze the surface chemistry of plastics. Characterization and surface analysis of plastic specimens can be divided into two categories: one based on examination of surface topography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... above the plating line were blown into the plating tank and getting co-deposited. The paper describes the step-by-step analysis of the defect that led to successful identification of the root cause of the defect. Coatings Defect analysis Fibers 5086 UNS A95086 Ni-11P Surface treatment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... AFNOR 38CD4 (similar to AISI type 4140H) and was in the quenched-and-tempered condition, with a yield strength of about 760 MPa (110 ksi). It was treated to have compressive surface stresses, and the prior-austenite grain size was ASTM 8. Analysis (visual inspection, stress analyses, and macrographs...
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 8 Spectrum obtained by EDAX analysis of inside tubing surface. More
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 10 EPMA analysis of precipitation on the fracture surface of steel G. More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 6 Spectrum for EDS analysis of the deposits on the outer surface of the tube away from the header More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 7 Spectrum for EDS analysis of tube base metal at a cut surface of the tube More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 7 Macrograph showing the EDS analysis of residues found on the nozzle surface More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 6 X-ray diffraction analysis of fractured surface in sample No. 4 More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 5 (a) Location of EDS analysis at the inner surface of the specimen from bulged zone, and (b) results of EDS analysis shows the formation of oxide More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 6 ( a ) SEM image of coke in inner surface. ( b ) EDS analysis of ( a ). ( c ) SEM image of coke in outer surface. ( d ) EDS analysis of ( c ) More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 48 Energy-dispersive spectroscopic analysis of inner surface of the make-up water heater tube Elements Relative weight percent Oxygen 4.15 Aluminum 0.85 Silicon 1.30 Chlorine (chloride) 0.38 Chromium 18.21 Iron 67.55 Nickel 7.56 More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 58 Ion impact removal of atoms or clusters from solid surfaces. Mass analysis of the sputtered particles is the basis of the static secondary ion mass spectrometry technique. Simultaneous x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of the bottom of the etch crater produces chemical depth More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are the different types of samples that can be analyzed and the special sample-handling procedures that must be implemented when preparing to do failure analysis using these surface-sensitive techniques. Data obtained from different material defects are presented for each of the techniques. The examples presented...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... water rinsing. Thus, recommendation was to modify that stage in the processing. Adhesion Laminates Peel tests Sodium hydroxide Surface analysis (chemical) Epoxy Nickel-phosphorus Copper foil (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure The most widely used test for adhesion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... showed that these lines were not cracks but slag inclusions at and immediately below the surface. Analysis (visual inspection, metallographic examination, and 100x/500x magnetic-particle inspection) supported the conclusions that the inclusions consisted of pieces of fireclay from channel brick that were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy MANY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES are available for the study and characterization of surfaces. These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 30 Metallographic images showing fracture path at the crack origin. Intergranular fracture and crack branching are observed, similar to the scanning electron microscope fracture-surface analysis in Fig. 29 . More