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structural ceramics

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on the structural ceramics used in gas turbine components, the automotive and aerospace industries, or as heat exchangers in various segments of the chemical and power generation industries. It covers the fundamental aspects of chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Guidelines for semiautomatic preparation of structural ceramics Table 3 Guidelines for semiautomatic preparation of structural ceramics Step Base Diamond grade, μm Lubricant Speed, rpm Pressure Time, min N 16f Grinding Diamond disc 65 Water 300 ∼180 ∼40 Until flat Diamond...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The article concludes with a review of the evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis. Auger electron spectroscopy ceramic materials corrosion electron probe microanalysis energy dispersive spectroscopy failure analysis macroscopic examination metallographic specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a manner similar to bearing steels, which is, in fact, one of the reasons for silicon nitride being a good candidate for replacing bearing steels. Other structural ceramics, for example, SiC, typically fail by catastrophic fracture due to their low fracture toughness or severe wear by microfracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... liquids can accumulate. (a) Storage containers and vessels should allow complete drainage; otherwise, corrosives can concentrate in the bottom of the vessel, and debris can accumulate if the vessel is open to the atmosphere. (b) Structural members should be designed to avoid retention of liquids; L-shaped...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... coatings, thermal barrier coatings, and ceramic coatings. aluminide coatings carburization ceramic coatings chloridation corrosion fatigue high temperature corrosion hot corrosion hydrogen interaction metal dusting molten metals molten salts overlay coatings oxidation protective coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and coatings, including metals, structural plastics, composites, and metals with ceramic or metallic coatings; elastomeric coatings; window materials; and transparent thin-film coatings on window materials. Details on these procedures are outlined in the standard. Calculation of Erosion Resistance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-based knowledge of the mechanical situation found in the wear environment. A good background in metallurgy, ceramic science, or materials science is also necessary. In addition, access to investigative diagnostic tools is required for examination of worn surfaces and structures on both a macroscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 6 ): A good classification system promotes consistency of approach to the problem, with clarification and standardization of terms to remove ambiguity and misconceptions. A structured approach can facilitate understanding of the wear process, through differentiation of wear types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of extended high-temperature exposure for 1000 h at 900 °C (1650 °F) on coating 24/alloy 792. (a) Coating structure largely intact before exposure. (b) Breakup of coating phases after exposure, leading to breakdown of corrosion resistance and coating failure into the superalloy substrate. Courtesy of U.S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in disk drives consists of a metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic substrate coated with a magnetic material. Data errors are classified as ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ depending on their correctability. Examination has shown that hard errors are the result of an abrasive wear process that begins with contact between...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... micropitting, macropitting and spalling ( Ref 4 , 5 ) in conventional bearing steels ( Fig. 1 ) to delamination in hybrid ceramics ( Ref 6 ) and overlay coatings ( Ref 7 ), as discussed later. Contact geometry of the bodies subjected to RCF can be conforming (e.g., contact between the outer race and roller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of Prevention ,” Paper 94-GT-279, ASME TurboExpo Conference Proceedings , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1994 10.1115/94-GT-279 2. Abe F. , Development of Creep-Resistant Steels and Alloys for Use in Power Plants , Structural Alloys for Power Plants , Woodhead Publishing , 2014...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
..., but in a fine-grained hardened steel like this the fracture-faces due to stress-cracking and overload fracture look the same as this. The forced rest fracture has a satin-like fine structure, which proves a fault-free hardening. Fig. 1 Inner ring with breakouts from middle flange. 0.8× Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 1982 , p 206 – 218 10.1520/STP36141S 22. Yust C. and Bayer R. , Ed., Selection and Use of Wear Tests for Ceramics , American Society for Testing and Materials , West Conshohocken, PA , 1988 , p 58 – 73 10.1520/STP1010-EB 23. Tokuda M. , Nagafuchi M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Van der Waerden J.P. , and deGroot K. : “ Application of Magnetron Sputtering for Producing Ceramic Coatings on Implant Materials ,” Clin. Oral Implants Res. , 1993 , 4 , pp. 28 – 34 10.1034/j.1600-0501.1993.040104.x . 9. Kim C.S. and Ducheyne P. : “ Compositional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2008.04.076 15. Trzaskoma P.P. , Corrosion Behavior of a Graphite Fiber/Magnesium Metal Matrix Composite in Aqueous Chloride Solution , Corrosion , Vol 42 , 1986 , p 609 − 613 10.5006/1.3583031 16. McCauley R.A. , Corrosion of Ceramic and Composite Materials , 2nd ed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contrast or topographic contrast is strong, the SEM provides good structural images, particularly above 500× ( Ref 1 ). Again, because of the limitations and advantages of each instrument, they are complementary rather than competitive tools. Metallographic Specimen Preparation Sectioning Mounting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the generic features of impact wear on metals, ceramics, and polymers. It describes normal impact wear and compound impact wear, as well as the features of impact wear testing apparatus such as ballistic impact wear apparatus and pivotal hammer impact...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... that caused this weld corrosion failure. Discussions with the vendor uncovered two discrepancies. First, the welder was using a large, 19 mm (0.75 in.) ID ceramic nozzle with a gas lens but was flowing only 19 L/min (40 ft 3 /h) of argon; this was the flow rate previously used with a 13 mm (0.5 in.) ID gas...