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stress-rupture life

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at carbides and other microconstituents, especially in single crystal castings that do not possess grain boundaries. gas turbine engine components creep deformation overheating nickel-base superalloy interdendritic stress-rupture fracture stress-rupture testing stress-rupture life Cast nickel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., the oxidation-cracks stopped. To determine the residual creep life of the sound (non-cracked) bottom manifold material, iso-stress creep tests were performed. It was found that tertiary creep started at 7% strain. The time-to-rupture was greater than 100,000 h. It was concluded that the bottom manifold...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that the process of creep was not operative throughout the life of the equipment. Outlet tubes Overheating Oxidation Superheaters 2.25Cr-1Mo Creep fracture/stress rupture Thermal fatigue fracture After some 87,000 h of operation, failure took place in the bend of a steam pipe connecting a coil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract In a helicopter engine connecting rod, high-cycle, low-stress fatigue fractures in bolts and arms progressed about 75% across the section before the final rupture. Factors involved were insufficient specified preload, inadequate tightening during assembly, and engine overspeed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of stress-rupture stress versus rupture life for nickel-base alloy U-700 at 815 °C (1500 °F). The increasing slope of the curve to the right of the sigma break is caused by sigma-phase formation. Fig. 13 Grain-boundary carbide films in a Waspaloy forging. The films substantially reduced stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-rupture test results, and hardness data can be useful in establishing the reduction of life in properties at the corresponding operating temperatures and stresses. For more details, see the section “Life Assessment Methods for Power Plant Piping and Tubing” in this article. Sigma-Phase Formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for nickel. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 15 Logarithmic plot of stress-rupture stress versus rupture life for nickel-base alloy U-700 at 815 °C (1500 °F). The increasing slope of the curve to the right of the sigma break is caused by sigma-phase formation. Fig. 6 Creep life assessment based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.../asm.hb.v08.9781627081764 7. Viswanathan R. , Damage Mechanisms and Life Assessment of High-Temperature Components , ASM International , 1989 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409 8. Larson F.R. and Miller J. , A Time-Temperature Relationship for Rupture and Creep Stresses , Trans. Am...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., was sufficiently advanced to indicate that large portions of the weld seam will require replacement within the next one to five years. The stress-rupture properties of the header body material are near the bottom of the scatterband compared to unexposed 2– 1 4 Cr-1Mo steel. The life of the creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to be replaced during a scheduled outage. Boiler tubes Graphitization Mechanical properties ASME SA219-T1A UNS K12023 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Creep fracture/stress rupture Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-limiting factors common to most structures and should be considered in a failure analysis and a life assessment are: Material defects Fabrication practices Equipment usage Stress, stress concentration, and stress intensity Temperature Thermal and mechanical fatigue cycles Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the remaining life. (a) Land-based turbine. (b) Heater tubes. (c) Typical stress-rupture curve for 9Cr-1Mo material showing that the stress-rupture test results were still above the minimum rupture strength. Thus, the tubes were considered usable until the next inspection and testing. Fig. 15 Life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... These metallurgical instabilities may shorten the stress-rupture life of stainless steels and can enhance the probability of tube failure when subjected to prolonged overheating. Regardless of whether metallurgical instabilities occur, tube materials can fail by stress rupture if subjected to excessive temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... precipitation, and σ-phase or χ-phase formation. The effects of σ phase are discussed in detail in the article “Failure of Pressure Vessels” in this Volume. All three types of metallurgical instability may shorten the stress-rupture life of stainless steels and can enhance the probability of tube failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... this layer, coke readily accumulates on the surface of the tubes, fueling carbon diffusion into the metal and a corresponding degradation in microstructure and loss of ductility at high temperatures. radiant tube stress rupture thermal shock heat resistant steel carbide precipitates SEM-EDS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... cell, each filled with a nickel catalyst. The tubes were centrifugally cast from ASTM A297, grade HK-40 (Fe-25Cr-20Ni-0.40C), heat-resistant alloy. The tube was concluded after metallurgical inspection to have failed from creep rupture (i.e., stress rupture). A project for detecting midwall creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0048303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... or erosion were observed. Log stress versus Larson-Miller Parameter (LMP) plots were produced to assess the remaining life of the superheater. It was revealed that the estimated operating temperature of 1060 deg F was higher than the estimated design temperature of 1000 deg F and that the tube wastage had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A connecting rod from a failed engine ruptured in fatigue without evidence of excessive stresses, detonation, overheating, or oil starvation. The origin of the fatigue failure was completely mutilated but decarburization was observed. Significant amounts of decarburization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... tube remaining life showed the welds to be inadequate, and to have a strength and creep resistance below those of the base metal. Reformer furnaces Tubine Welded joints HK-40 UNS J94224 Creep fracture/stress rupture A sample tube was removed from a reformer furnace for life assessment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... the stress concentrations applied on the pin end of the rod. However, the rod broke right at the edge of the socket after a few months of operation in sour service ( Fig. 8 ). The surface of the rupture was examined after acid cleaning. The fracture surface contained the same features as previously discussed...