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stress raisers

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was to be circumferentially fillet welded at each edge to the outer surface of the cylinders. Fig. 1 Cylindrical column of arc-welded ASTM A36 steel for a sky-tower observatory that cracked during construction because of high residual stresses and stress raisers in the welds. (a) Design of section-to-section weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Examination of a metallographic specimen from the fracture area revealed a banded structure in the direction of rolling and aluminum oxide stringers at the fillet surface, which undoubtedly served as stress raisers, in the direction of crack extension. The failures in the flanges of improved design were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048747
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the conclusion that the pipe failed by fatigue. Cracks originated at crevices and pits in the weld area that acted as stress raisers, producing high localized stresses because of the sharp-radius corner design. Abnormally high structural stresses and alternating stresses resulting from the pump vibrations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the elliptical section of the pipe. The toe of the weld and the adjacent undercut were stress raisers that determined the point of major crack origin. Under residual stress, the internal point of incomplete fusion also initiated additional cracks. Recommendations included ensuring a proper fit between...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... The presence of the grooves alone would result in considerable intensification of stress in zones which are normally highly stressed, while the crazy cracking introduced a multiplicity of stress-raisers of a type almost ideal from the point of view of initiating fatigue cracks. Chromium plating...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... geometric factors and materials aspects that influence the stress-strain behavior and fracture of ductile metals. It highlights fractures arising from manufacturing imperfections and stress raisers. The article presents a root cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of the fractography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... was detected on the inner surface of the flange portion and sharp corner was found at the intersection of the sidewall and bottom of the hole. It was concluded that the stress raiser due to the abrupt section change was accentuated by decarburized layer. As a corrective measure, the design of the pushrod...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... in a section through the fireside edge of the fracture surface. Scale was observed over most of the crack path which acted as a stress raiser. The effect of the oxide was magnified during thermal cycles because of differential thermal expansion, with the steel having a greater expansion coefficient than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047860
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... through the main-bearing journal at the primary crack. Fatigue cracking with low-stress high-cycle characteristics was disclosed during macroscopic examination of the crack surface. Sulfide inclusions, which acted as stress raisers, were found to be present in the region where cracking originated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... lead to local embrittlement and stress raisers, potentially initiating major failures. Boilers Hydrotesting Stress relieving thermal stresses ASTM A515 Grade 70 UNS K03101 Joining-related failures (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture A 150-cm (60-in.) inside-diameter boiler drum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... at the junction of the head with the shell. From this stress raiser a fatigue crack had developed around the entire circumference of the cylinder to give a smooth crack of annular form. The use of a flat end to the cylinder, therefore, resulted in excessive stresses being introduced at the junction of the end...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... condition. Evidence found supports the conclusions that fatigue failure of the wheel was the result of heavy stamp marks that acted as stress raisers in the weaker web section. Because this was a double-flange wheel, considerable side thrust was applied to the wheel, causing stress concentration at the web...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in the joint area, a possible stress raiser at the intersection of the spiral weld and girth weld, and sudden impact loading, probably due to water hammer. Use of a semi- or fully killed steel with a minimum Charpy V-notch impact value of 20 J (15 ft·lbf) at 0 deg C (32 deg F) was recommended for future water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... of the undercut, which was an inherent stress raiser. Recommendations included revised joint design to ensure full root penetration. Fillet welds Heat affected zone Joint design Papermaking Shells (structural forms) Steam preheaters Weld defects Welded steel (Steel, general) Joining-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... thickness, poor geometric design with sharp corners as stress raisers, and incomplete sintering evidenced by unsintered particles. These were determined to be the primary cause of failure, although inclusions on the fracture surface containing S and Al may have played a role as well. socket fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... strength). This fatigue failure was the result of poor design, which incorporated a notch that acted as a stress raiser, leading to fatigue-crack growth. A generous radius was recommended to avoid similar failures. Radii Stress concentration Steel casting Fatigue fracture Figure 1 shows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... visible along the web surface. Fatigue cracking of the wheel was initiated at forging defects in the web. Replacement wheels were machined all over and were magnetic particle inspected to detect any cracks that could act as stress raisers. Cracks Defects Magnetic particle testing 1055 UNS G10550...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... initiated the fatigue failure by acting as stress raisers. The welding method was changed by the manufacturer and all chains were replaced with defect free chains. Cranes Resistance welding Stress concentration 4615 UNS G46150 Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture A resistance-welded...