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strategic development

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article provides background information needed by design engineers to create part designs optimized for plastics and plastic manufacturing processes. It describes the four essential elements of plastic part development, namely, material, process, tooling, and design, and provides...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... how proper planning, along with functional, interface, and detailed fault analyses, makes FMEA a process that facilitates the design throughout the product development cycle. It also discusses the use of fault equivalence to reduce the amount of labor required by the analysis. The article shows how...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) of individuals. One can also consider risk as a measure of the probability and severity of adverse effects. With all the products liability litigation in the United States, there has developed a clear distinction among these three words for legal purposes. In this context, a hazard is a condition or changing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., despite the presence of the word maintenance in its name, RCM is not simply a method for developing maintenance programs; its recommendations reach far beyond the maintenance department. An RCM review may trigger actions for engineering (redesign), for training and technical documentation (addressing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the word “maintenance” in its name, RCM is not simply a method for developing maintenance programs; its recommendations reach far beyond the maintenance department. A RCM review may trigger actions for engineering (redesign), for training and technical documentation (addressing human error due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... intertwined, probably to an extent that is not readily apparent to most engineers. Failure analysis augments the development process by real-time identification of design inadequacies, providing opportunities for optimization. Finding the root cause of a failure also often takes as much imagination...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., probably to an extent that is not readily apparent to most engineers. Failure analysis augments the development process by real-time identification of design inadequacies, providing opportunities for optimization. Finding the root cause of a failure also often takes as much imagination as the original...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as recrystallization under load, which promote rapid deformation, accompanied by work hardening that is insufficient to retard the increased flow of metal. Microscopic discontinuities, such as grain-boundary voids and cracks, develop and grow during tertiary creep. As these voids and cracks interact and join, stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be further reduced by strategic placement of the cutting fluid nozzles ( Fig. 2 ) ( Ref 5 ). Access holes in the body of milling cutters and drill bits that provide thorough-the-tool coolant flow improve the impingement of cutting fluid into the cutting zone and reduce rejection and workpiece production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... was termed slip, had to occur. The next important stage in the development of fretting studies was made in 1941, when fretting damage was produced on the gage length of steel fatigue specimens, and a subsequent reduction in fatigue strength of 13 to 17% was found due to pitting of the surface ( Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... produces slip lines in the crystals of a metal, which develop into small cracks. These small cracks then propagate, coalesce, and result in an eventual fracture that usually involves no gross plastic deformation and generally occurs at stress levels below the material yield strength. Consequently, at one...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (distortion) of the stainless steel piping and further crack penetration into the piping wall. The cracks continued to propagate during service from stresses induced in the piping. In another case, a transfer line carrying 73% sodium hydroxide developed a leak at a weld joining a cast Monel coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... by the objectives of a failure analysis. Then, the article discusses the processes involved in failure analysis, including codes and standards. Next, fabrication flaws that can develop into failures of in-service pressure vessels and piping are covered. This is followed by sections discussing in-service mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... evaluate gate location based on the appearance, fit, and function of the part. The gates in the camera housing shown in Fig. 10 were strategically located for optimum flow, function, and aesthetic requirements. Fig. 10 Four gates positioned around the front opening of a camera body that were...