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steel sheet

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 S-N curve for notched ( K t = 2.0) 4130 alloy steel sheet. Stresses are based on net section. Source: Ref 31 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Plot from EDS scan of low carbon steel sheet at (a) 15 keV and (b) 5 keV. The high energy iron peaks (above 5 keV) are missing in the spectrum in (b) produced from 5 keV electrons. The carbon peak is also higher in Fig. 4(b), suggesting a trace of carbon, probably from oil More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Laminations in rolled steel sheet resulting from insufficient cropping of the pipe from the top of a conventionally cast ingot. Courtesy of V. Demski, Teledyne Rodney Metals More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 10 Surface damage typical of galling wear on high-strength steel sheet material. Source: Ref 58 More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 7 Type 301 stainless steel sheet, cold rolled to 40% reduction (full hard), showing almost complete transformation to martensite in severely deformed austenite grains. 250×. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... that prolonged heating of the galvanized steel heater shells caused the zinc-rich surface to become alloyed with iron and reduce the number of layers. Also, heating caused zinc to diffuse along grain boundaries toward the center of the sheet. Zinc in the grain boundaries reacted with iron to form the brittle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of approximately 11 kPa (7 psi). Each hopper truck held from 9,100 to 11,800 kg (10 to 13 tons) of prills when fully loaded and handled approximately 90,700 kg (100 tons) per month. The walls of the hoppers were made of 2.7 mm (0.105 in.) thick flat-rolled carbon steel sheet of structural quality, conforming...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001612
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... that the premature failure of the fan was due to inadequate bonding between the sheets at the weld nugget. The fracture was initiated from the nugget-plate interface. The inadequate penetration and lack of fusion between the steel sheets during resistance spot welding led to poor weld strength and the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... during examination of a naphtha desulfurizer by ultrasonic shear wave techniques. Defect indications were found in longitudinal and circumferential seam welds of the ASTM A204, grade A, steel sheet. The vessel was found to have a type 405 stainless steel liner for corrosion protection that was spot...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... occurred in welded joints and in unwelded portions of the bellows. The bellows were made by forming the convolution halves from stainless steel sheet, then welding the convolutions together. Evidence from visual examination, liquid penetrant inspection chemical analysis, hardness tests, and metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and 200 mm (10 and 8 in.) diam flanges welded to a tapered pipe section. The tapered pipe section was 3.3 mm (0.13 in.) thick type 316 stainless steel sheet, and the flanges were 5 mm (0.2 in.) thick CF8M (type 316) stainless steel castings. Visual and metallographic analysis indicated that the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Welded steel storage vessels used to hold mildly alkaline solution were produced in exactly the same manner from deep-drawn aluminum-killed SAE 1006 low-carbon steel sheet. After the cylindrical shell was drawn, a top low-carbon steel closure was welded to the inside diameter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... batch of steel sheet be checked. Disintegration Electric heating elements Holding furnaces Radiant heating Sheaths UNS S31600 316 316S High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background Three radiant heating element tubes from an aluminum holding furnace failed within 3 months...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... environment, the failure involves a particular roll or a specific batch of rolls. This paper provides a microstructural insight into the cause of premature breakage of a second-intermediate Sendzimir mill drive roll used at a stainless steel sheet rolling plant under the Steel Authority of India Limited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with a purge ventilation system designed to continuously remove hydrogen gas and vapors without letting radionuclides escape. Several intergranular cracks were discovered in the vent pipe of one such system. The pipe, made of galvanized steel sheet, connects to an exhaust fan downstream of high-efficiency...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the types of data produced from each, and some typical applications. The article explains the strengths of AES, XPS, and TOF-SIMS based on data obtained from the surface of a slightly corroded stainless steel sheet. Auger electron spectroscopy chemical characterization stainless steel surface...
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 4 (a) Micrograph of the bellows material showing excessive titanium-base stringers. Compare with (b). Unetched. 126×. (b) Micrograph of a sample taken from a type 321 stainless steel sheet, showing relatively clean material. Unetched. 158×. (c) Typical microstructure in the longitudinal More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Orchard heater of galvanized low-carbon steel that broke in a brittle manner because of an iron-zinc intermetallic compound along the grain boundaries. Dimensions given in inches. View A-A: micrograph of an etched section that shows the microstructure of the steel sheet. 400x More
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 2 Typical multiple cracks radiating from a punched hole in the reinforcing steel sheet (as-received). 3×. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... rotating at 1750 rpm. Two disks were cracked at the inner face of the sheet metal rim while the rim of the third was completely cracked through. An analysis of the sheet metal rim of one of the disks showed the following composition: 0.06C, 1.98Si, 25.8Cr, and 35.8Ni. A steel of such high chromium content...