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steel classifications

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Specific types of hydrogen damage Table 1 Specific types of hydrogen damage Specific damage process/mechanism Most common in Comments Hydrogen embrittlement High-strength steels and heavily cold-worked low-carbon steels, ambient temperatures Needs sustained stress. Not relevant...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... molds. It presents the international classification of common casting defects in a tabular form. austenitic steels cast aluminum alloys cast iron casting casting defects casting design castings centrifugal casting corrosion-resistant castings discontinuities ductile iron gravity die...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract Plastics or polymers are used in a variety of engineering and nonengineering applications where they are subjected to surface damage and wear. This article discusses the classification of polymer wear mechanisms based on the methodologies of defining the types of wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... growth by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... penetration 18 0.75 Moderate Up Zone 3 100–210 4–8.3 Sharp, rm 12 0.5 Majority Up rm, relative movement direction; that is, direction the surface metal is flowing General classification of abrasive wear in mining and minerals processing equipment Table 1 General classification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Susceptibility in Steels” , Welding Journal , Volume 55 , Number 12 , pp. 341s – 355s , December 1976 . 6. “Rules for Classification of Steel Ships, Materials and Welding” , Det Norske Veritas , 1980 . 7. “Rules for Design, Construction, and Inspection of Fixed Offshore Structures” , Det...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of an N-80 Type Steel , H 2 S Corrosion in Oil and Gas Production—A Compilation of Classic Papers , Tuttle R.N. and Kane R.D. , Ed., National Association of Corrosion Engineers (now NACE International) , 1982 , p 90 – 94 Regarding component damage evaluation, a failure is defined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A tri-lobe cylindrical roller bearing was submitted for investigation to determine the cause of uniformly spaced axial fluting damages on its rollers and outer raceway surfaces. The rollers and raceways were made from premium-melted M50 and M50NiL, aircraft quality steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... are considered representative. Tube Evaluation Superheater Header Stub Failures Concluding Remarks References References 1. Toft L.H. and Marsden R.A. , “The Structure and Properties of 1%Cr - 0.5%Mo Steel After Service in CEGB Power Stations” , in Structural Processes in Creep...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... present in deposit Rounded depressionsThick grayish deposit of NaFePO 4 at metal surface covered by black and white depositsNo intergranular cracks Causes Localized concentrating of sodium hydroxide(NaOH) to high pH levels Low pH conditions causing corrosion by removing steel protective oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...). Allowable pressures on sheaves of three materials for various classifications of wire rope Table 2 Allowable pressures on sheaves of three materials for various classifications of wire rope Rope classification Allowable pressures on sheaves made of: Cast iron Cast steel 11-13Mn...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the six fundamental factors that decide a tool's performance. These are mechanical design, grade of tool steel, machining procedure, heat treatment, grinding, and handling. A deficiency in any one of the factors can lead to a tool and die failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or noncorrosive fluid Fig. 2 Wear-mechanism map for unlubricated sliding of a steel couple. The normalized pressure is the contact pressure divided by hardness. The normalized velocity is the velocity multiplied by the ratio of the radius of the contact to the thermal diffusivity. The contour lines...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., this being of 1 Cr, 0.5 Mo steel with a wall thickness of 14 mm. The design temperature of this tube was 490 deg C, but there is evidence that it was operating at a temperature much above 500 deg C. Metallographic analysis disclosed an advanced stage of creep damage accumulation in the form of local cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... classifications of wire rope<xref rid="n0010060" ref-type="table-fn">(a)</xref> Table 2 Allowable pressures on sheaves of three materials for various classifications of wire rope (a) Rope classification Allowable pressures on sheaves made of: Cast iron Cast steel 11-13Mn steel Mpa psi Mpa...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An ASTM A391 steel chain link of an over head hoist failed catastrophically, causing damage to both property and personnel. Macrofractography identified the sequence of fractures within the chain link. The first fracture occurred at the welded joint, a second occurred opposite...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Various types Method of testing for rolling contact fatigue of bearing steels Ref 26 (i) Multiple bearing testing apparatus Deep-groove ball bearing design; typically 3000 rpm; four bearings on a single center shaft; maximum contact stress, 2.9 GPa (420 ksi); accelerometers on the outer housing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a fluid is involved in a tribological process, it is usually called erosion. By definition, both involve progressive loss of material or alteration of material from a solid surface, but erosion requires the mechanical action of a fluid, such as a gas or liquid. Sand blown through a steel pipe at high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Correction Strain-Based Fatigue Methods Fracture-Mechanics-Based Crack Growth Approaches Design by Analysis and Stress Classification API 579-1/ASME FFS-1, Fitness-for-Service Procedures Ratcheting and the Bree Diagram Cycle-Counting Techniques High-Cycle Welded Fatigue Considerations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... temperature. The materials found in this section are superalloys and stainless steels. Nickelbased superalloys are typically used for the combustor liners, buckets, blades, vanes, and shrouds because of their high strength at high temperature. Among popular alloys are cast alloys, e.g., GTD-111 and GTD-222...