1-20 of 32 Search Results for

sputtering

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... A.J. , and Sano N. , Accurate Argon Cluster-Ion Sputter Yields: Measured Yields and Effect of the Sputter Threshold in Practical Depth-Profiling by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry , J. Appl. Phys. , Vol 114 , 2013 10.1063/1.4823815 12. Douglas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., when excessive atmospheric or handling contamination obscures much of the underlying surface of interest, inert gas sputtering can be employed to remove at least some of the obstructing contamination layer. Care must be taken to prevent sputter removing too much of the sample, or the surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... for calculation. Grain boundaries and cleavage planes on the fracture surface were selected for depth profiling. The sputter rate was estimated according to the method recommended in Ref 1 . Chemical Composition of Steam Chest Material (wt.%) Table 1 Chemical Composition of Steam Chest Material (wt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of iron-nitrogen-boron-carbon ( Fig. 9 ) and some oxygen even after the spherical surface was argon gas “sputtered” (ion etched) to remove 10–15 atom layers of surface ( Table 2 ). Some manganese sulfide particles are in adjacent dimples on the same planar dimpled facet. Fig. 8 SEM micrograph shows...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... over several hundred-million cycles without failure. These investigations indicate that the RCF performance of nitride (especially TiN and HfN) and DLC coatings can easily outperform conventional bearing materials, whereas other coating materials such as CrN show a promise for the future. Sputtering...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the surface being analyzed. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measures the binding energies of the elements on the sample surface and is useful for characterizing the elements that are present on the surface, as well as determining the oxidation state of these elements. Furthermore, a sputtering technique...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... from the surface and also has the effect of implanting the primary ions into the surface. The nature of this technique makes it feasible for analyzing trace amounts of substances; however, extensive knowledge of the sputtering rate is needed in conjunction with calibration of the obtained signals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... is then sputtered by physical vapor deposition process or electrolytically or electroless deposited. In order to protect this magnetic film, which stores the data, a thin carbon film is sputtered. The carbon film acts both as a protective film and lubricant. The carbon overcoat, in its turn, protected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... be performed. The replicated tape specimens were sputter coated with 60Au-40Pd for SEM examination. All of the areas were scanned at varying magnifications. Special emphasis was placed on locations 6, 7, and 9, where possible fatigue initiation points had been observed ( Fig. 2 , 3 , 4 ). Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and sputter coating. Evaporation coating consists of heating a metal filament to a high temperature in a vacuum chamber to cause evaporation to occur. Atoms that leave the filament travel a line-of-sight trajectory to the surface of the sample where they are adsorbed. A thin coating consisting of a few...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as carbon or a metal, to allow examination using a standard SEM. The coating is applied by a method such as vacuum evaporation or sputtering. Coating must be performed carefully to avoid damaging the fracture surface (e.g., by excessive heating) or introducing artifacts associated with the coating process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... graphite or silver particles. Conductive paint is commercially available from various manufacturers and suppliers. If a nonconductive sample is to be examined using a conventional SEM, several methods exist to produce a conductive layer on the surface. The two most common are evaporation and sputter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... for evaluation at high magnification and with great depth of field. Prior to examination, the fracture surface was cleaned and subsequently gold sputter coated. A review of the fracture surface supported multiple origins at the transformer side of the bracket. These origins extended via a cyclic mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... platinum sputter coating of a 4.6 mm (0.18 in.) diameter polycarbonate rotating-beam fatigue specimen. This scanning electron microscope view shows a pattern in the coating reminiscent of “mud-cracking.” Fig. 49 Scanning electron microscope view of fatigue striations in medium-density...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Van der Waerden J.P. , and deGroot K. : “ Application of Magnetron Sputtering for Producing Ceramic Coatings on Implant Materials ,” Clin. Oral Implants Res. , 1993 , 4 , pp. 28 – 34 10.1034/j.1600-0501.1993.040104.x . 9. Kim C.S. and Ducheyne P. : “ Compositional...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... 50×. Fig. 8 Energy dispersive spectra showing titanium and nitrogen on the surface. Sample after gold sputter coating. 500×. Hardness Hardness readings taken in accordance with ASTM E18-89 indicate the bulk/core hardness to be 64 HRC. Knoop readings were taken in accordance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... elements found that were extraneous to the findings on a disc that had not been exposed to the gas blend. Since the minimum XPS analysis area of 4 mm 2 (0.016 in. 2 ) was inappropriate for analysing the narrow fracture surface of the failed discs, SAM was used. After ion sputtering to remove carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the chlorides responsible for TGSCC and corrosion of the tank OD. Fig. 6 EDS chemical analysis of the black foam insulation reveals a high level of chlorine. Sample is sputter-coated with gold. Circumferential and axial cross sections were metallographically prepared for examination of crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... off by the homeowner. Molten aluminum at approximately 593 °C (1100 °F) sputtered out of the service panel and ignited combustibles located on the floor below. Improper tightening was also the most probable cause in incident 3 and may have contributed to incident 2 as well. However, water ingress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) and then immersed in 0.1 M sodium cacodylate buffer (pH 7.2). The coupons were dehydrated using different concentration of ethanol solution 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% concentration. The air-dried coupons were sputter coated with gold using ion sputters. The coupons were examined at different magnifications [2.0, 5.0...