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spur gears

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Three spur gears made from 8622 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel formed a straight-line train in a speed reducer on a rail-mounted overslung lumber carrier. The gears were submitted for nondestructive examination and evaluation, with no accompanying information or report. Two teeth on one...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A portion of two large spur tooth bull gears made from 4147H Cr-Mo alloy steel that had spalling teeth was submitted for evaluation. The gears were taken from a final drive wheel reduction unit of a very large open-pit mining truck. The parts had met the material and initial heat treat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Failure occurred in the teeth of a case-hardening Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel spur gear in the transmission system of heavy duty tracked vehicles. The defects were in the nature of seizure on the involute profile. Scrutiny of the transmission system showed there might be choking...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Spur gear tooth, SAE 4147H, quenched and tempered to 311 HB, machined completely, induction hardened with a tooth space inductor by traversing one tooth space at a time. (a) Surface spalling along one tooth flank, (b) No hardened case on active profile of one side of the teeth. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Enlarged view of a typical damaged tooth of the spur gear. The damaged area of the tooth (white in colour) is shown by an arrow. 7 × More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Spur gear, 0.9×. Only two teeth pitted, one low on profile and the adjacent tooth high on profile. Mating gear had two teeth as mirror image. This could only occur with the gears in a static position under a reverberating type of load. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article first reviews variations within the most common types of gears, namely spur, helical, worm, and straight and spiral bevel. It then provides information on gear tooth contact and gear metallurgy. This is followed by sections describing the important points of gear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... because a gear is designed with a specific function in mind. The question is, Will this gear perform the function that was intended by the designer? Types of Gears Spur Gears Spur gears ( Fig. 1a ) are used to transmit motion between parallel shafts or between a shaft and a rack. The teeth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Background Information The spur pinion, integral to the axle shaft, operated in a medium-size, off-highway truck at an open-pit mine. The pinion was the input sun pinion of a gear-reduction unit in the rear wheel assembly, where it mated with four spur tooth idler gears. The only recorded length...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ( 1983 ) 10.1115/1.3254565 15. Escobar J.A. : Stress and fatigue analysis of svi-tested camshaft lobes . MSc thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University ( 1996 ) 16. Huang K.J. , Liu T.S. : Dynamic analysis of a spur gear by the dynamic stiffness method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... FATIGUE (RCF) is a common failure mode in components subjected to rolling or rolling-sliding contact (e.g., rolling-element bearings, railway tracks, gears). It is characterized by crack propagation caused by the near-surface alternating shear stress field, caused by rolling or rolling-sliding contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-scanning, and scratch tests. After a discussion on gear scuffing, information on the material-dependent adhesive wear and factors preventing adhesive wear is provided. adhesive wear coefficient of friction galling metal sliding contacts scoring scuffing seizure scratch tests twist compression...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the areas of mass. Avoid sharp corners and reentrant angles. Avoid sharp corners between heavy and thin sections. Avoid single internal or external keys, keyways, or splines. Provide adequate fillet or radius at the base of gear teeth, splines, and serrations. Do not have holes in direct line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... Copyright Elsevier 2017 Fig. 2 Examples of a flexible mold showing two castings of spur gears as produced from the mold. Source: iStock/coddy Fig. 3 Guidelines for rotationally molded part development and design. Reprinted from Ref 1 with permission by Elsevier. Copyright Elsevier 2017...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 2018 ( Ref 3 ). Fig. 1 Illustration of a probabilistic concept of probability of detection (POD). At any crack size, different cracks of the same size will have varying detectability. The event that spurred an updated statistical approach to POD, as described in Ref 3 , was the analysis...