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specimen mounting

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on the metallographic techniques used for failure analysis, and on fracture examination in materials, with illustrations. It discusses various metallographic specimen preparation techniques, namely, sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be performed with the scanning electron microscope (SEM) over the same magnification range as the LM, but examination with the latter is more efficient. This article describes the major operations in the preparation of metallographic specimens, namely sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and vibration horn = 0.9 mm; vibration amplitude = 35 μm; temperature = 20 °C; liquid: water). Source: Ref 30 Similar ranking results are obtained with the specimen directly mounted in the vibration horn ( Fig. 14 ), but cavitation wear is evaluated by erosion rate of steady stage (weight loss per unit...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Si 0.53 0.53 1.0 max Mo <0.01 <0.01 — Fig. 2 Photograph of crack on inside of 8″ diameter pipe (crack approximately 5″ in length) One specimen was cut and mounted in epoxy in such a manner that the cross section of the pipe's circumference was perpendicular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the accident. Circumstances Leading to Failure Pertinent Specifications Five specimens from the failure were evaluated. The first specimen contained material from the pipe, elbow, and weld. Chemical analysis samples and an optical mount were cut from this specimen, and the balance of the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in.) long near the upper wear ring. The direction of this indication approximated the outer contour of the wear ring. There was no evidence of crack indications on the wear rings. The crack and three hardness specimens were then removed from the impeller. Fig. 2 Pump impeller after liquid penetrant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., Georgia, and Ft. Lewis, Dupont, Washington. Qualification included the fabrication of bent-beam stress corrosion test specimens from actual strut mounts. The specimens were cadmium brush plated using a “low embrittling” solution at each of the facilities, and loaded into three-point bend fixtures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the preparation of metallographic specimens must be well documented. The mounting medium used for these must be chosen carefully. When edge retention is important, as it usually is when a metallographic specimen is prepared through a fracture origin, a sample can be mounted using a hard mounting material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700 – 727 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544 Longitudinal specimens from the three broken springs were mounted and processed, and microscopic examination of these specimens revealed numerous pits around the rivet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of metallographic specimens must be well documented. The mounting medium used for these must be chosen carefully. When edge retention is important, as it usually is when a metallographic specimen is prepared through a fracture origin, a sample can be mounted using a hard mounting material or it can be plated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... replicas. The examinations indicated that fatigue cracks had originated at the rim backside and propagated to the rim midsection. Catastrophic failure occurred at a final overland. Fatigue fracture of the wheel rim was attributed to cyclic loading created by improper wheel mounting of a spare tire...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... are prone to smearing and work hardening during machining, it was recommended that these types of steels be machined only with sharp, short tools mounted in rigid structures. In addition, residual stresses should be eliminated by post-process annealing in a protective atmosphere. Chlorides Worm gears...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., and mechanical (hardness and tensile properties) analyses of failed shaft specimens were conducted. The examinations showed that the shafts had failed by fatigue. It was recommended that a low-alloy steel (e.g., 3% Ni-Cr) in the hardened and tempered condition and subjected to shot-peening surface-hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0089696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Brinell hardness, and nondestructive testing (dry magnetic particle). The crossheads were subsequently machined in-house by the customer. Specimen Selection The fracture surface from one side of the crosshead was sawed off to obtain specimens for examination. A full cross section was polished...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the crosshead was sawed off to obtain specimens for examination. A full cross section was polished and etched. A small piece from the weld-repair area was cold mounted and prepared for optical microscopic examination. Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography The microstructure in the casting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Immediately after installation, leakage was observed at the mounting surface of several rebuilt hydraulic actuators that had been in storage for up to three years. At each joint, there was an aluminum alloy spacer and a vellum gasket. The mounting flanges of the steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... mm × 20 mm) microscope specimen piece of fracture surface, previously mounted and polished for metallographic examination! all other material had been scrapped. Nevertheless it was possible to perform an experimental failure analysis. This paper describes that analysis and illustrates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... sectioned and cold-mounted in epoxy resin. The mounted specimens were then ground and polished to a mirror-finish using 500, 1200, and 4000 grit SiC paper, followed by 3, 1 and 1 4 μm diamond paste. All grinding and polishing was carried out on a semi-automatic machine. To reveal some of the grain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The gun mount used in two types of self-propelled artillery consists of an oil-filled recoil cylinder and a sand-cast (MIL-I-11466, grade D7003) ductile-iron piston that connects to the gun tube through a threaded rod. The piston contains several orifices through which oil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was found to be fatigue cracking that initiated at the toes of the fillet welds. Secondary fatigue cracking occurred at the torque rod mounting holes. Failure was attributed to cyclic stresses at the weld toes that exceeded the lowered fatigue strength at this location. A design change that eliminated...