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special cast iron

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of information, in particular, when the analyst is not very familiar with the alloy system in question. For example, the potential consequences of exceeding impurity limits for zinc and aluminum casting alloys are discussed in various articles in Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The gun mount used in two types of self-propelled artillery consists of an oil-filled recoil cylinder and a sand-cast (MIL-I-11466, grade D7003) ductile-iron piston that connects to the gun tube through a threaded rod. The piston contains several orifices through which oil...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... casting. Cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Architects, 26 March 1996 . 5. A Technical Survey of the Colville Group of Companies , McLeod A. and Cleal D. , ed., Iron & Coal Trades Review , London, England , 1957 , pp. 6 – 7 , 34–47, 48–55, 96–99. 6. Bringham R.J. and Lafreniere Y.A. : Titanic Specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... B 100 Cavities with generally rounded, smooth walls perceptible to the naked eye (blowholes, pinholes) B 110 Class B 100 cavities internal to the casting, not extending to the surface, discernible only by special methods, machining, or fracture of the casting B 111 (a) Internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the impeller and diffusion vane components. In this compressor, eight cap screws secured the cast aluminum diffuser plate to a cast iron compressor housing. Sandwiched between the diffuser and the housing was a flat steel vane-control plate. All metal components were in direct contact with each other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Alloy Steel , Machining , Vol 16 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1989 , p 669 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179 7. Snyder J.J. , Failures of Iron Castings , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , American Society for Metals , 1986 , p 362 8. Finn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 868 – 880 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555 HyL III is a direct reduction iron plant that uses CO and H 2 as a reductor gas. The plant has three main parts. The reformer that produces reductor gas; the heat exchanger (also called...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... The petrochemical industries make extensive use of centrifugally cast tubular HK austenitic alloys in conditions where a material of high resistance at elevated temperatures and corrosive environments is required. In the as-cast condition, its microstructure consists of columnar grains of austenite elongated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The chemical composition of the sand-cast component was identified via optical emission spectroscopy and is comparable to an aluminum sand-cast alloy, AA 712.0. Metallographic evaluation via optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed a high degree of porosity in the microstructure as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to the extensive internal “notching” provided by the crack-like voids, which may be considered similar in their effect on ductility to the graphite flakes in gray cast iron. The cause of the embrittlement, then, is not so much the absorption of hydrogen as the formation of the crack-like voids. Evidence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract The steam tug Hercules was an ocean-going and bay tug for 55 years before being retired. It is now being restored by the National Park Service. A broken steam valve was obtained for microstructural examination. The body was gray cast iron, and the stem and seat were brass...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Classification of Wear” in this article. Sometimes, erosive wear is classified as a third category. Erosive-type wear includes phenomena from liquid impingement and cavitation wear, as discussed in other articles in this Section on “Wear Failures.” Another special type of wear is contact fatigue, where cyclic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Metallic Materials , Z. Metallkd. , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... through baked areas on the casting confirmed that the defect and the associated porosity was confined to the surface and did not extend into the bulk of the material. The resolution of any relevant microstructural detail close to the surface required the electroplating of samples with copper and iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., cylindrical, rotating, pressurized, high-temperature, cast iron pressure vessel that has evolved in design since the early 1900s. A wet sheet of paper is placed on the rotating face of the dryer, which is located toward the back end of a crepe papermaking machine. As the dryer rotates, contact with the high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the failure analyst. In collecting service histories, special attention should be given to environmental details such as normal and abnormal loading, accidental overloads, cyclic loads, temperature variations, temperature gradients, and operation in a corrosive environment. In most instances, however...