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solubility

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... splice attachment. The bolt was fabricated from PH13-8Mo stainless steel heat treated to have an ultimate tensile strength of 1517 to 1655 MPa (220 to 240 ksi). A water-soluble coolant was used in drilling the bolt hole where this fastener was inserted. Investigation (visual inspection, 265 SEM images...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0092142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... splice attachment. The bolt was fabricated from PH13-8Mo stainless steel heat treated to have an ultimate tensile strength of 1517 to 1655 MPa (220 to 240 ksi). A water-soluble coolant was used in drilling the bolt hole where this fastener was inserted. Investigation (visual inspection, 265 SEM images...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with abrasive wear mechanisms such as plastic deformation, cutting, and fragmentation which, at their core, stem from a difference in hardness between contacting surfaces. Adhesive wear, the type of wear that occurs between two mutually soluble materials, is also discussed, as is erosive wear, liquid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract A CrN coated restrike punch was made of WR-95 (similar to H-11), which was fluidized bed nitrided. The coated punch was used on hot Inconel at about 1040 deg C (1900 deg F). However, a water-soluble graphite coolant was used to maintain the punch temperature at 230 deg C (450...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Temperature Effects Conclusions References References 1. Stevens M.P. , Polymer Chemistry: An Introduction , 2nd ed. , Oxford University Press , 1990 , p 43 2. Grulke E.A. , Solubility Parameter Values, Chap. VII , Polymer Handbook , 4th ed. , Brandup J...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... care was taken so as not to contaminate a sample with leftover powder from the previous sample. To do this, the hole, the hollow drill, and the collection line were all cleaned with a vacuum cleaner between each sample collection. All powders were analyzed for both total and water-soluble chloride...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... R.J. , Ed., ASM International , 2002 , p 641 – 649 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540 Hydrogen solubility and diffusion are key parameters in any hydrogen-induced deleterious effect such as hydrogen embrittlement (HE) and so-called hydrogen delayed cracking observed in a variety...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... ( Ref 5 ). Furthermore, as with bismuth, tellurium has virtually no solubility in either copper or nickel. Thus, by analogy, tellurium was concluded to be the probable embrittling agent. Although carbon was detected in some locations on the fracture surface, it probably did not contribute...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the casting cools, because the solubility of any dissolved gases—often hydrogen—decreases as the liquid cools, during solidification, and as the solid cools. The decrease in solubility produces conditions favorable for gas bubbles to precipitate. Gas porosity is generally quite spherical, as shown in Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... generators is carried out with nontreated water, i.e., water which contains soluble salts, it can cause two main types of degradation: incrustation and corrosion. Degradation due to theses factors can be avoided by eliminating deleterious substances present in nontreated water by previous treatments through...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is that if there are microconstituents that are not easily soluble in the commonly available acids, erroneous results can easily occur. It is not the instrument that is at fault, but the fact that the method used to dissolve the metal was inadequate. These types of analysis errors may be very difficult to see. Many tool steels...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that are usually, but not always, obeyed. For example, most embrittlement couples have very little mutual solid solubility. Solid metals that are highly soluble in the liquid metal and solid/liquid metal combinations that form intermetallic compounds are usually immune to LME. These studies have also demonstrated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...-Z is a copper-base alloy containing 3% Ag and 0.5% Zr. Silver acts as a precipitation hardener, and zirconium acts as a getter for soluble oxygen. The NARloy-Z goes through a fabrication process that includes casting, forging, and heat treatment. Chemical analysis is performed at various stages...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... grain boundaries ( Fig. 1 ). Such fractures are characteristic results of strong overheating. They occur because slightly soluble sulfidic or oxydic impurities of the steel dissolve at very high temperatures and later during cooling deposit at the austenitic grain boundaries as a submicroscopically fine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of interaction between the base metals and the braze filler metals. Not all of the interactions are detrimental to the brazement, but the same interaction can become detrimental if amounts of braze filler metal, braze temperatures, and time at braze temperature are excessive. Mutual Solubility The molten...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., it is able to form a carbide less soluble in the γ phase than the chromium carbide. The most used stabilizing elements are titanium and niobium (sometimes also Nb plus Ta). The titanium additions should be, in theory, five times the carbon content of the steel, but, in practice, owing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... this involves the dissolution of the iron as the soluble FeOOH − complex, which later transforms to magnetite, or whether simply the magnetite which forms in caustic solutions is physically defective, is not known. But in either case the primary causative of the abnormally high corrosion rate is postulated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the gripped end. The blades were fabricated from a stainless heat-treatable chromium steel containing 0.2% C and 13.9% Cr. Figure 1 reproduces the external part of a blade showing a crack (left side in picture). The surface was covered with a dark oily layer which was soluble in toluol and could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... under pressure by the addition of elements which bind all of the carbon in the form of stable carbides of low solubility. This should be the case in the presently used alloy containing 5 % Cr and 0.5 % Mo. The equilibrium phases and concentrations will however only appear if the steel is cooled slowly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... elements) to preferentially partition into the liquid phase, which has higher solubility for alloying elements. This would leave a solute-depleted zone around the rosette, which has a lower density of hardening precipitates, thus causing this zone to etch less. Figures 7 and 8 reveal additional...