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solidification cracking

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... solidification cracks. The joints had been produced using the mechanized gas-metal arc welding process. Cracking was attributed to improper control of welding parameters, and failure was attributed to weld defects. Air intakes Corrosion-resistant steels Diffusers Exhaust systems Low-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... or inadequate head. Corrosion pitting, crevice corrosion, and solidification cracks (casting defect) also contributed to the failure. Cavitation corrosion Hydrochloric acid Pump impellers Grade 702 UNS R60702 Crevice corrosion Casting-related failures Pitting corrosion Remnants of two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of these castings was suspected. Metallurgical examination on two representative castings supported the conclusions that the cracks in these gray iron door closers that were present either before or during the heat treatment were attributed to a substandard microstructure of the wrong type of graphite combined...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... include: Underbead cracks Gas porosity Inclusions—slag, oxides, or tungsten metal Incomplete fusion Inadequate penetration Solidification cracks, liquation cracks Failure to meet strength, ductility, or toughness requirements is another cause for rejection of weldments. Details...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Two investment-cast A356 aluminum alloy actuators used for handles on passenger doors of commercial aircraft fractured during torquing at less than the design load. Visual examination showed that cracking had occurred through a machined side hole. Fractography revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the casting cools, because the solubility of any dissolved gases—often hydrogen—decreases as the liquid cools, during solidification, and as the solid cools. The decrease in solubility produces conditions favorable for gas bubbles to precipitate. Gas porosity is generally quite spherical, as shown in Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0089567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... generally results when a cold shut forms during the casting process. A cold shut reflects two different solidification fronts in the mold, which explains the reason for the structure variances observed on either side of the demarcation line. Although not a crack, the demarcation can serve as a site...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0089551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... solidification of the casting. The mass of a feeder-riser system located near the tear retarded cooling in this region, creating a hot spot. This supported the conclusion that the tear causing the fracture of the axle housing was formed during solidification by hindered contraction and was enlarged in service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... with solidification shrinkage cavities. Not etched. Crack Origins/Paths The failure surface profiles corresponding to the dark and light regions of the failure surfaces are marked in Fig. 5 . Cracking is associated with the deformed flow lines in the dark region. In many instances, the shrinkage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cold tearing C 220: Hot cracking and tearing C 221 (a) Irregularly shaped discontinuities in areas susceptible to tension; oxidized fracture surface showing dendritic pattern Hot tearing C 222 (a) Rupture after complete solidification, either during cooling or heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... solidification. For example, this is shown schematically in Fig. 1 for rolled bar that contains ingot porosity and pipe imperfections (discussed later in the section, “Imperfections from the Ingot” ). These imperfections can also serve as sites for crack initiation during fabrication or in service. Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... solidification and during cooling from an elevated temperature (above 650°C, or 1200°F, for gray iron). A hot crack is less visible (less open) than a hot tear and usually exhibits less evidence of oxidation and decarburization.” A hot tear is defined as “a crack or fracture formed prior to completion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... cracking as seen in Figure 7 , this being present throughout the thickness except for a region adjacent to the bore. (The development of the, cracking from the external surface on parallel arcs was probably related to the mode of solidification of the crystals at the time of casting and to the direction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of solidification) directional solidification process and the formation of columnar grains (which intersect the thickness of the shroud) 2 . The orientation of the long axis of the columnar grains was approximately 0° to 15° relative to the radial axis of the bucket. Some columnar grains intersected the entire...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0048804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... in solidification rates, and variation in tensile strength to be noted during inspection were described. Cracking (fracturing) Dryer rolls Paper machines Gray iron Casting-related failures (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Unlike the individual examples of failures discussed throughout...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steel pipe (273-mm OD x 8-mm wall thickness) used in the fabrication of large manifolds developed crack-like decohesions during a routine inductive bending procedure. The imperfections, which were found near the outside diameter, were around 3 mm in length oriented...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on the stock riser revealed the presence of cold shuts at the same site in all specimens. It was recommended that all risers be thoroughly inspected and that the bow company work with their die casting shop to design a mold with acceptable filling characteristics. Casting defects Cracking (fracturing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Grain Size Effects Variation and Inhomogeneity Effects Hardenability Calculations Heat Treating and Hardenability Welding and Hardenability Case History #1 - Compression Spring Fracture Case History #2 - Axle Bar Cracking Case History #3 - HSLA Steel Welding Failure Case History...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... attached to the shaft. A circumferential crack in the main shaft at an abrupt change in shaft diam just below the upper radial bearing was revealed by visual examination. The smaller end of the shaft was found to be slightly eccentric with the remainder when the shaft was set up in a lathe to machine out...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., a much coarser network of rod-shaped and plate-shaped precipitates was found, that probably corresponded to the primary grain boundaries, or to the grain boundaries or twin planes of the austenite formed during solidification of the melt. These particles could have been aluminum nitride judging...