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solid-state methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... that are predominantly in the solid state and the methods employed for solids testing. Examples of unidirectional and dynamic oscillatory testing are provided for different mechanical behaviors. deformation flow behavior polymers rheological testing Rheology Fundamentals Rheology is defined as the study...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... E662, “Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials,” is the most widely accepted smoke evolution test in the United States. Also known as the NBS (National Bureau of Standards, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) smoke test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with the understanding that the analysis will have lower precision and higher detection limits. Digestion of solid samples into solution and the ICP-OES analysis method require higher skill levels than other OES methods. The use of one or more mineral acids in varying proportions is necessary to produce complete...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... containing uranium failed under zero or low applied load several years after manufacture. The final operation in their manufacture was a proof loading that applied a sustained tensile stress to the bond, which all the components had passed. Applications Silver solid-state bonding is a versatile method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006941
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article describes the viscoelastic behavior of plastics in their solid state only, from the standpoint of the material deforming without fracturing. The consequences of viscoelasticity on the mechanical properties of plastics are described, especially in terms of time-dependencies...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and wear resistance 7 , 8 depend considerably on the material structural state. Deformation heat treatment is one of widespread methods of forming the regulated material structures. 9 For this purpose, the influence of different deformation treatment conditions on the babbit structure, plasticity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Resonance Solid-state NMR can be used to determine the structure of solid polymers ( Ref 10 – 12 ). This method differs from solution NMR in instrumentation and techniques because, with solids, problems that are associated with spectral resolution and sensitivity can arise. Solid-state NMR techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of polymers and the tribometers and instrumentation used to measure the tribological properties of polymers. The article discusses the processes involved in calculating the wear rate of polymers and the methods of characterization of the sliding interface. It provides information on the pressure and velocity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., or solids behavior. Unfortunately, the very essence of viscoelastic behavior also hinders the use of typical testing methods for predicting end-use properties. Analytical Protocols The science related to advanced analytical protocols for characterizing the functional properties of polymeric materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... their cladding methods into solid state procedures. Explosive cladding/welding is a potential solid state method to fabricate Inconel 625-substrate bimetal plates. The whole procedure of explosive cladding can be summarized in the following steps. As Fig. 1 depicts the parallel setup for explosive cladding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-correction method allows one to obtain useful chemical-state information from insulating samples. Common materials analyzed by XPS include metals, lubricants, semiconductors, metal oxides, glasses, ceramics, catalysts, plastics/polymers, coatings/thin films, and paper. Because the technique is so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or glass fabric support. Such measurements can detect both gelation and vitrification. Solid samples that have gelled can be molded or machined into bars to investigate the completion of cure or such physical properties as modulus, damping, and T g in the fully cured state. Rheological methods, which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... design software. It is now possible to quickly create 3-D solid models with automatic mesh generation rather than having to input each individual node location. It is common for desktop computer and workstations to be able to handle complex 3-D FEA linear and steady-state models and simpler nonlinear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to be considered in design is its coefficient of thermal expansion. Most heat-treating problems could be solved if this coefficient could be controlled [ 1 ]. Almost all solids expand on heating and contract upon cooling. The relationship between thermal conductivity and thermal expansion is important in designing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., ( Ref 22 ) contains a chapter on addressing uncertainty in machine design. Other examples are given in ref 23 . Nuclear engineering has a long and rich history in applying probabilistic methods for probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear vessels. The United States Navy has been actively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., linearity, and steady-state conditions. As computing power increased, so did the complexity of finite-element modeling and analysis techniques. The first analyses and elements available were limited to 2D beams and spars. The progression was then toward three-dimensional (3D) spars and beams, 2D solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of stress state on transition temperature. Brostow ( Ref 28 ) presents a method that does attempt to account for the effects of notches on the observed transition temperature. However, his predictions in Ref 29 for the impact transition temperature of low-density polyethylene do not account...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in which the wear occurs. The tribological aspect number (TAN) is a method for characterizing tribosystems ( Ref 5 ). This system is useful in evaluating the relevance of data and determining the most appropriate simulation test. The wear situation is described in terms of the contact velocity, contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with permission from “Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (d) Cavitation-corrosion tester. Source: Ref 29 . Reproduced with permission...