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solid-solid contraction

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... , “Introduction: Corrosion Fatigue Failures,” Proceedings of EPRI Symposium on Corrosion Fatigue of Steam Turbine Blade Materials . 14. Brown E. G. , and Quilliam J. F. , “Solid Particle Erosion of Utility Steam Turbines - 1980 EPRI/ASHE Workshop,” EPRI Report CS-3178, July 1983 . 15...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Cartridge-pneumatic starter systems are used on military aircraft. In the cartridge mode used for alert starts, the starter turbine is driven by hot gases produced through the controlled burning of a solid propellant cartridge within a closed chamber (the breech chamber...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 641 – 649 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540 • Warke W.R. , Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 861 – 867 10.31399...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... coefficient of thermal expansion. Most heat-treating problems could be solved if this coefficient could be controlled [ 1 ]. Almost all solids expand on heating and contract upon cooling. The relationship between thermal conductivity and thermal expansion is important in designing to prevent thermal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Military aircraft use a cartridge ignition system for emergency engine starts. Analysis of premature failures of steel (AISI 4340) breech chambers in which the solid propellant cartridges were burned identified corrosion as one problem with an indication that stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Hardness Velocity Angle of Attack Solids Concentration Abrasive Particle Characteristics Slurry Characteristics Hydrodynamics Corrosion Products and the Mass Transfer of Oxygen Impact severity has a strong effect on the grinding media wear rate for dynamic loading conditions ( Ref...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... causes of these failures. The bridge is comprised of some 23 spans which are supported on stone piers which are, in turn, founded on a solid surface well below the river bottom. The piers alternate in spacing between about 23 meters and 32 meters (76 feet and 104 feet), this alternation being carried...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... at temperatures between 1095 and 1315 °C (2000 and 2400 °F) The microconstituents present in the grains would have been dissolved at grossly elevated temperatures and would have been of much finer size if they had subsequently precipitated out of solid solution during the final 16 h of firing at 595 °C (1100...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... type of debris present on the parts will tend to congregate at a crack site. Upon examination of liquid metal embrittled samples, one should see a complete coating of the liquid metal. In fact, the liquid metal is in such close contact with the solid that it is generally difficult to remove. Therefore...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 1 Common types of finite elements used in modeling with examples. (a) Beam spar elements used to construct, for example, a beam element model. (b) Two-dimensional solid-model element with example. (c) Two-dimensional axisymmetric solid-model element with example. (d) Three-dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Review in Failure Analysis Case Studies of Finite-Element Analysis in Failure Analysis References References 1. Love E.H. , A Treatise on the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity , 4th ed. , Dover Publications , New York , 1944 2. Fung Y.C. , Foundations of Solid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Incineration Environment,” Paper 248, Corrosion/91, National Association of Corrosion Engineers International , 1991 39. Krause H.H. , J. Mater. Energy Syst. , Vol 7 , 1986 , p 322 40. Krause H.H. , Hot Corrosion in Boilers Burning Municipal Solid Waste , Corrosion , Vol 13...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... thick materials. Fillet-welded T-joints should not be used for fusion welding with ordinary gas or arc welding of containers, because corrosive solids may be trapped. Corner joints with members located at approximately right angles to each other in various ways ( Fig. 6 ). The corner-to-corner...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to a high temperature by the contacting molten metal. This wedge of hot sand then acts as a thermal insulator, retarding solidification of the metal around it. As a result, a region is isolated from the risers by solid metal, and a shrinkage cavity forms just under the skin of the Y-junction. This cavity...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... between hcp and bcc materials can vary depending on temperature and available slip systems. Rhombohedral Less symmetrical through triclinic Influence of degree of order (most to least ductile) Random solid solution Ordered or intermetallic compound Ionic compound Covalent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The gas removal was completed by placing the ladle in a chamber that can be evacuated that substantially lowered the oxygen and hydrogen content in the steel. After these procedures were performed, the steel was continuously cast to produce a solid slab, which was cut to the desired lengths. During...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... conducted to evaluate expansion and contraction of solid materials are performed on a quartz stage. The sample is placed on the stage, with a quartz probe resting on the opposing end. Thermomechanical analysis data can be acquired in compression modes, including expansion, penetration, dilatometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Sedlaček M. , Rek Z. , and Žun I. , Effectiveness and Design of Surface Texturing for Different Lubrication Regimes , Meccanica , Vol 47 , 2012 , p 1613 – 1622 10.1007/s11012-012-9540-7 176. Bowden F.P. and Tabor D. , The Friction and Lubrication of Solids, Part 2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-notched plate specimens are fractured in tensile loading, a portion or all of the fracture surface behind the notch may be normal (perpendicular) to the applied load, and there may be little macroscale indication of transverse contraction to indicate plastic flow prior to fracture. However...