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solid-particle erosion wear

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damage of the worn products after the tribological process. Then, the article describes some examples of wear processes, considering possible transitions and/or interactions of the mechanism of fretting wear, rolling-sliding wear, abrasive wear, and solid-particle erosion wear. The role of tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Wear Failures Erosive wear occurs in many situations where a large number of small solid or liquid particles impact against a surface or where the collapse of gas-filled bubbles in a cavitating liquid causes surface damage. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given in the following sections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... during erosion with low flux rate) ( Ref 86 , 88 , 89 ). Examples of Erosive Wear Failures Erosive wear occurs in many situations where a large number of small solid or liquid particles impact against a surface or where the collapse of gas-filled bubbles in a cavitating liquid causes surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... gases with entrained solid particles that impinge on the containment vessel surface. Several studies have been conducted to describe the wear-corrosion synergism that takes place during the oxide formation and subsequent removal by abrasive particles ( Ref 10 , 11 , 12 ). Power-Generation Plants...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... particles produced by cavitation can accelerate bearing damage. If wear particles from cavitation erosion are not removed systematically from the contact surface, these particles can cause other types of wear, such as solid-particle erosion or third-body abrasion ( Fig. 8 ). Fig. 8 Wear traces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with permission from “Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (d) Cavitation-corrosion tester. Source: Ref 29 . Reproduced with permission...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Impact or percussive wear is defined as the wear of a solid surface that is due to percussion, which is a repetitive exposure to dynamic contact by another body. Impact wear, however, has many analogies to the field of erosive wear. The main difference is that, in impact wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... C. , Jiadao W. , Darong C. : Cavitation damages on solid surfaces in suspensions containing spherical and irregular microparticles . Wear 266 , 345 – 348 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.wear.2008.05.010 16. Lathabai S. , Ottmüller M. , Fernandez I. : Solid particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Ohki M. , and Fujisawa N. , Influence of Surface Roughness on Liquid Droplet Impingement Erosion , Wear , Vol 432–433 , 2019 , p 202955 10.1016/j.wear.2019.202955 21. Hancox N.L. and Brunton J.H. , The Erosion of Solids by the Repeated Impact of Liquid Drops , Philos...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... between two solid bodies (for example, sliding). The term erosion is used where the wear is caused by a fluid, a stream of particles, or bubbles (in the case of cavitation), not by contact between two solid bodies. The operational classification for nonabrasive wear situations ( Table 1 ) is directly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the pipe and cause an eddy to form next to the intrusion, as shown in Fig. 3 . The eddy erodes the pipe metal on one side (upstream) of the intrusion, but not on the other. Removing or minimizing surface discontinuities can reduce the likelihood of solid particle erosion or cavitation damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of scale break loose and are carried into the turbine by the steam. The scale is normally a fine powder by the time it reaches the turbine where it impinges on the turbine blades causing erosion [ 14 , 15 ]. The pits created by solid particles have more irregular edges than those created by liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... industries, the following broad classifications have generally been used to describe the manifestations of abrasive wear that are seen on worn parts ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 ): gouging abrasion; high-stress, or grinding, abrasion; low-stress, or scratching, abrasion; and solid particle erosion. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are broadly classified as erosion, but they have a number of causes. A summary of the erosion mechanisms that are most common to the various sections of gas and steam turbines includes: Solid-particle erosion is the consequence of solid particles impacting on the component surface. The solid particles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... broad classifications have generally been used to describe the manifestations of abrasive wear that are seen on worn parts ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 ): gouging abrasion; high-stress, or grinding, abrasion; low-stress, or scratching, abrasion; and solid-particle erosion. In addition to the aforementioned...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... durometer (shore) hardnesses of 55A. Some time after June 1987, the lime slurry was replaced with limestone slurry having the same nominal solids loading, particle size, and specific gravity. Early in February 1988, slurry began leaking from the shaft seal of the pump. Repeated tightening of the packing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is available. Polytetrafluoroethylene is sometimes added to acetals to reduce friction. Graphite and molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) are also added; although they decrease friction, these solid lubricants usually do not prevent wear. Another low-cost bushing material is porous bronze...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... lubrication. The aluminum alloys are also superior in corrosion resistance. Aluminum alloys other than bronzes contain approximately 7% Sn and 1% Cu, with 1 or 2% Si or Mg, plus some lead and cadmium. The copper is retained in solid solution in the aluminum, but the other alloys form soft-solid particles...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... solid metal. Thermal environments that affect metal properties and fracture include exposure to low (cryogenic, for example) and high temperatures. Selection and Preservation of Fracture Surfaces The proper selection, preservation, and cleaning of fracture surfaces is vital to prevent important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with primes. Adapted from Ref 18 As mentioned, the wear particles generated as a result of adhesive wear and material transfer can detach from the contact surfaces and become third-body abrasive particles, resulting in intensified erosive and abrasive wear. Experimental results have even shown a much...