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solid fluxes

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...; it does not have to be a result of retained flux residue. Liquid Metal Induced Embrittlement and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement Liquid metal induced embrittlement (LMIE) and solid metal induced embrittlement (SMIE) should always be considered in a failure involving a braze joint. (Articles about...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract The self-powered flux detectors used in some nuclear reactors are Pt or V-cored co-axial cables with MgO as an insulator and Inconel 600 as the outer sheath material. The detectors are designed to operate in a He atmosphere; to maximize the conduction of heat (generated from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and valve bodies were welded assemblies (gas-tungsten arc welded socket welds), the procedures used in their installation required the use of a welding flux. This flux was incorporated into the weld by applying a mixture of flux and isopropanol onto the filler wire used to weld the joint. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method.” Both test methods use radiant heat sources to generate heat fluxes as great as 100 kW/m 2 . The specific heat flux(es) and whether an external ignition source is used are not specified in the test procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-particle inspection, ultrasonic inspection, eddy-current testing, x-ray or gamma-ray radiography, in situ metallography, and hardness tests. These methods are used for evaluation of defects present on the surface, at subsurface, or within the interior of the bulk solids. Each one has its own merits...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Each type has characteristic features. Ruptures Caused by Overheating When water is boiled in a tube having uniform heat flux (rate of heat transfer) along its length under conditions that produce a state of dynamic equilibrium, various points along the tube will be in contact with subcooled...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... refractories and technical ceramics. They apply as well to the S + L reactions as to the solid S + G reactions. Liquids can be either slags or fluxes, molten salts, or molten metals, each presenting their own peculiarities. Slags are characterized by their basicity/acidity ratio (CaO/SiO 2 ratio either...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... during erosion with low flux rate) ( Ref 86 , 88 , 89 ). Examples of Erosive Wear Failures Erosive wear occurs in many situations where a large number of small solid or liquid particles impact against a surface or where the collapse of gas-filled bubbles in a cavitating liquid causes surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... salts or metals can induce other secondary mechanisms, such as galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion; creep; and fatigue. Impingement by solid particles can contribute to erosion-corrosion, or it can accelerate corrosion in the various gaseous and molten environments. Primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... At the elevated service temperatures, cadmium diffuses into carbon steel and embrittles grain boundaries through a mechanism of liquid or solid metal embrittlement. However, EDS revealed that the bolts were zinc plated as specified and the bolts were made of carbon steel. To understand this failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... thick materials. Fillet-welded T-joints should not be used for fusion welding with ordinary gas or arc welding of containers, because corrosive solids may be trapped. Corner joints with members located at approximately right angles to each other in various ways ( Fig. 6 ). The corner-to-corner...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...) diameter debarking drum was welded in the field, where several 3 m (10 ft) long shell course sections (35 mm, or 1.375 in., thick) of ASTM A36 plates were being girth welded using shielded metal arc welding E7018 electrodes. To expedite the production rate, the contractor switched to flux cored arc welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and solid cadmium at various temperatures (Cadmium melts at 321 °C) [ 18 ] Fig. 9 Macroscopic view of fracture surface in the region of the circumferential weld Fig. 10 SEM of fracture surface in the weld region of inlet nozzle showing intergranular cracking through the equi-axed grain...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and pitting corrosion. Impingement by solid particles may contribute to erosion-corrosion or accelerate corrosion in the various gaseous or molten environments. Oxidation Most metals and alloys are often oxidized on exposure to temperatures above 300 °C (570 °F) in environments containing more than 1...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... becomes bigger again (bounce). If this collapse-bounce is repeated, solid surface in the liquid is subjected to a cyclic pressure, which can cause surface fatigue. Microjets When the cavity is near a solid surface, liquid coming from the solid surface side will be slower than that from inside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... attack has taken place at butt welds in water-wall tubes, particularly those situated in zones of high heat flux. To prevent on-load corrosion an adequate flow of water must occur within the tubes in the susceptible regions of a boiler. Corrosion products and suspended matter from the pre-boiler...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... materials, time of contact, surface conditions (e.g., cleanliness, oxidization, etc.), and the composition and amount of flux used during the joining process. When the molten solder contacts the target surface (such as copper traces or leads/pads on the PCB), melt spreading takes place. The spread...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... appearance transition tempera- ture fcc face-centered cubic FCAW flux cored arc welding FDA Food and Drug Administration FEA finite element analysis FFS fit for service FHA fault hazard analysis Fig. figure FMEA failure modes and effects analysis FMECA failure modes, effects, and criticality analysis FRP...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... The article also discusses the use of X-ray diffraction for analyzing crystal phases and structures in solid materials. References References 1. Mark J.E. , Eisenberg A. , Graessley W. , Mandelkern L. , and Koenig J. , “ Physical Properties of Polymers ,” paper presented...