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solder filler metal

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the material, joint design, prebraze cleaning, brazing procedures, postbraze cleaning, and quality control. Factors that must be considered include brazeability of the base metals; joint design and fit-up; filler-metal selection; prebraze cleaning; brazing temperature, time, atmosphere, or flux; conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract The welds joining the liner and shell of a fluid catalytic cracking unit failed. The shell was made of ASTM A515 carbon steel welded with E7018 filler metal. The liner was made of type 405 stainless steel and was plug welded to the shell using ER309 and ER310 stainless steel filler...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A welded elbow assembly (AISI type 321 stainless steel, with components joined with ER347 stainless steel filler metal by gas tungsten arc welding) was part of a hydraulic-pump pressure line for a jet aircraft. The other end of the tube was attached to a flexible metal hose, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the various materials which might affect the corrosion. The plastic, dyes, filler, type of PETN, explosive B, solder, and bridgewire materials were all tested. The tests were run at various temperatures to provide kinetic information and after the corrosion product was identified, some components were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Lack of inspection during fabrication and variability in fabrication practice Operation of equipment/component beyond design specification Poor workmanship and improper selection of welding procedures and filler-metal composition account for numerous arc-weld failures. Other reasons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... design, edge preparation, fit-up, cleanness of base metal and filler metal, shielding, and welding technique all affect weld quality and must be carefully controlled to prevent porosity, cracks, fissures, undercuts, incomplete fusion, and other weld imperfections. The sources of weld discontinuities...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stainless steels of the 18 to 20% Cr and 8 to 10% Ni class (CF-8). Manifestations of Cavitation Erosion Cavitation erosion typically begins with deformation rumpling and work hardening of metal surfaces, often with delineation of grain and phase boundaries, as shown in Fig. 1(a) , 2(a) , and 3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Titanium Hg, Cd, Ag, Au It should be pointed out that alloys of these embrittler metals can also be embrittling. In fact, for service failures, the embrittling metal is probably not pure but is impure or an alloy. For example, tin- and lead-base bearing alloys and solders also cause metal-induced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...% (estimated) were removed and replaced with nipples fabricated from 1035 steel. Although 4140 steel is a weldable alloy steel, welding procedures suitable for 1035 steel were not appropriate for the higher-alloy material. Specification of the filler metal used for welding components of pressure-piping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of these embrittler metals can also be embrittling. In fact, for service failures, the embrittling metal is probably not pure but is impure or an alloy. For example, tin- and lead-base bearing alloys and solders also cause metal-induced embrittlement. Furthermore, some alloy additions to embrittling metals have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... by damage mechanisms or for evaluating the risk of failure by mechanisms such as: Brittle fracture Metal loss, including localized, general, and pitting Hydrogen blisters and hydrogen damage associated with hydrogen-induced cracking and stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking Weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and grain-boundary dimple-rupture evidence. The base metal exhibited rather large-grained intergranular brittle cracking features with many types of inclusions. Chemical analysis revealed a standard high-strength, manganese bronze composition, and the weld filler metal was considered compatible. Tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metal, and, for most welding processes, the HAZ. The HAZ is the portion of the base metal whose mechanical properties or microstructure have been altered by the heat of welding, brazing, soldering, or thermal cutting ( Ref 2 ). Some welded connections involve two different base metals, in which case...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... steels are susceptible to various molten metals or alloys, such as brass, aluminum, bronze, copper, zinc, lead-tin solders, indium, and lithium, at temperatures from 260 to 815 °C (500 to 1500 °F). Plain carbon steels are not satisfactory for long-term use with molten aluminum. Stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... exhibited rather large-grain intergranular brittle cracking features with many types of inclusions. Chemical analysis revealed a standard high-strength, manganese bronze composition, and the weld filler metal was considered compatible. Tension testing of specimens removed from gear segments remote...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of corrosion in heat exchangers may be achieved through the following actions: Use of corrosion-resistant and/or clad metal (bimetal) materials if possible Use of fluids with corrosion inhibitors Good design practices, such as avoiding crevices and stagnant fluid zones, selecting adequate materials...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stainless steel pipe were welded together using type 308 stainless steel filler metal. Two different welding procedures were used—one consisting of three passes with a high heat input and the other consisting of ten passes with a low heat input. The welded samples were stressed and exposed to water...