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softening and flow

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with thermogravimetric analysis. Based on test data, the epoxy resin had not been properly cured and was hydrolyzed in its compromised state because of humidity. Hence, the depolymerized material gradually softened to the point where the effect of creep caused it to flow, ultimately causing the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in the inner-ring raceway which had been softened by the elevated temperatures reached during the failure. Broken retainers and worn and bent out of shape seals were found. Penetration of gritty particles, water and other corrosive agents and leakage of lubricant out of the bearing permitted by the worn seals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... the pipe work so that localized turbulence is obviated. Degassing and cleansing of the water also would reduce the danger of erosion particularly in the case of softened water, which takes up oxygen and carbon dioxide very readily thus becoming particularly aggressive. Corrosion products Hot water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by a pivoted malleable iron latch. The latch and top surface of the clapper plate were usually in a sanitary-water environment (stabilized, chlorinated well water with a pH of 7.3) under stagnant conditions. Process make-up water that had been clarified, filtered, softened, and chlorinated and had a pH of 9.8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... the rotating shaft came into direct contact with the flange. Mechanical friction caused a rise in temperature on both contact surfaces. This mutual contact lasted long enough for the temperature in the contact zone to exceed 1200 deg C, at which the flange material became softened or molten. As a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... on wear simulation in metal forming processes . J. Mater. Process. Tech-nol . 34 , 233 – 240 ( 1992 ) 10.1016/0924-0136(92)90112-6 10. Kanga J.H. , Parkb I.W. , Jaec J.S. , Kang S.S. : A study on die wear model considering thermal softening (II): application...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Examination Metallography Chemical Analysis/Identification Erosion is the consequence of turbulent flow eroding the protective oxide scale and base metal during operation. In boiler systems, an oxide scale is established to protect the components from further metal loss due to oxidation. This scale...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the down leg, goose neck, and blow pipe into thirty-four water cooled tuyeres. The hot blast flow rate of the furnace is 350 kNm 3 /h with an oxygen flow rate of 37 kNm 3 /h (% enrichment ~ 7.5) and humidity of 15 t/h. In view of the fact that the hot blast flows through the blow pipe at a high temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was precipitated by excessive heating, causing cage disintegration, plastic flow of the races and balls, and eventual separation of inner and outer races. It was recommended that the bearing set be resized to accommodate the large thrust as and that a thermocouple be added to monitor the condition of the bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... case and open rotor (impeller). Both the case and the ductile iron rotor core were covered by natural rubber. Analyses conducted included surface examination of wear patterns, chemical analysis of materials, measurement of mechanical properties, and in-place flow tests. It was determined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... process piping was directly in the flame impingement area of the jet fire from the primary pipe rupture event. The process had shut down, and the flammable liquid was not flowing. The steel pipe material softened, stretched, and bulged on the side facing the heat before it ruptured. Fishmouth ruptures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by fretting, failure by corrosion, failure by plastic flow, failure by rolling-contact fatigue, and failure by damage. The article discusses the effects of fabrication practices, heat treatment and hardness of bearing components, and lubrication of rolling-element bearings with a few examples. corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... When edge- or center-notched plate specimens are fractured in tensile loading, a portion or all of the fracture surface behind the notch can be normal (perpendicular) to the applied load, and there may be little macroscale indication of transverse contraction to indicate plastic flow prior to fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concepts. bending brittle fracture compression failure deformation ductile crack nucleation ductile fracture ductility fractography manufacturing imperfections metals microvoid coalescence notched specimen plastic flow root cause failure analysis single-crystal cleavage models specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... points due to sliding. The interfacial wear is defined as the removal of the material due to interfacial friction energy dissipation between asperities leading to events such as material softening, transfer wear, and chemical wear. A schematic of the processes involved in the interfacial wear is shown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... this, failure will occur rapidly. Visual examination showed that hot syngas escaped through the hole in the dip tube and impinged on the cone plate and baffles, causing them to oxidize and melt. This hot gas flow also heated the shell wall to near 700 °C, where it began to soften, bulge, and fail due to stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the mill operation could include: Reviewing the lubrication/cooling conditions (coolant/ lubricant type, distribution and flow rate, etc.) Avoiding roll-related damage, such as bruises, roll marks, thermal shock, gouges, scratches, etc. Proper roll conditioning to eliminate surface cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... segregation cold formed parts cracking cracks forging grain flow heat treatment hydrogen content imperfections ingot pipe laminations metalworking nonmetallic inclusions pits porosity scabs seams sheet metal forming unmelted electrodes workability WROUGHT FORMS are produced by a wide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , 1978 , p 461 15. Nadai A. , Theory of Flow and Fracture of Solids , McGraw-Hill , New York , 1959 , p 541 16. McIntire H.O. and Hall A.M. , “The Performance of Hand-Striking Tools Under Simulated Service Conditions,” Battelle Memorial Institute, unpublished report...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... instrumentation, and difficult to interpret. Example 10 in this article reviews the use of GPC in a failure investigation. The melt flow index or melt flow rate (MFR) describes the viscosity of a plastic material in the molten state. The sample material is heated through the melting or softening point...