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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract A 25.4 cm (10 in.) diam gray cast iron water main pipe was buried in the soil beneath a concrete slab. The installation was believed to have been completed in the early 20th century. A leak from the pipe resulted in flooding of a warehouse. Once removed, the pipe revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... (48 story) nearing completion. At the time of the accident the crane was being used to lift facing slabs into position from ground level. The weight of the slabs was well within the lifting capacity of the crane. However, eyewitnesses agreed that shortly after a facing slab had been lifted off...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... point) occurred at 50°C (120°F) for the midthickness testing and at 15°C (60°F) for the surface testing. Fig. 10 Precracked charpy impact test results for four slabs from 57 mm (2 1 4 in.) thick A517 grade H steel (heat A4070). Note that the inflection point occurred at approximate 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... A section was cut from the maul head parallel to and 19 mm ( 3 4 in.) from the fracture surface on one of the halves. The removed section was then cut parallel to the fracture and approximately 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.) below the fracture surface to produce a slab approximately 19 mm ( 3 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... coupling between the shaft and motor was purposely misaligned 1.3 mm (0.05 in.) in the vertical direction with the shaft. This misalignment was done to counter the misalignment caused by bow of the concrete slab base, which occurred when the reactor was loaded. Cracks in the heat-affected zone...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...), HE, hydrogen blistering and loss of tensile ductility, particularly in large steel castings, ingots, blooms, and slabs [ 5 ]. Incidences of catastrophic cracking in low nickel austenitic stainless steel coils at a customer’s end during routine unwinding/uncoiling of the material came to light...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The gas removal was completed by placing the ladle in a chamber that can be evacuated that substantially lowered the oxygen and hydrogen content in the steel. After these procedures were performed, the steel was continuously cast to produce a solid slab, which was cut to the desired lengths. During...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... is ruled out in the present investigation. If copper was entrapped in the steel during continuous casting, then cracks would have formed at the slab narrow or broad face which would further create a crack in the plate. However, no cracks were reported while plate rolling or during pipe manufacturing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... maintenance, repair, and remaining service life. Samples are currently being tested for porosity and water-cement ratio. Concrete-rebar interfacial chemistry will be investigated. One-foot thick slabs cut from the beam and coated with thermal spray zinc will be polarized to determine the effect of CP...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ]. As an ultrafine-grained microstructure is essential to obtain a superplastic behavior, the steel was produced by ATMCRP, which manly consists of three steps: roughing (in order to reduce the thickness of the slab), delay time (where the material is cooled between 1000 and 850 °C) to obtain Ti and Nb...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... is supported by two trucks, one on either end. The support load between the tank and the railroad support trucks is distributed by tank slabbing and saddle plates under each vessel elliptical head and first tank plate ring. The size or mass distribution of fragments consisted of eight to ten large...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... weld toe ( Fig. 25 ). In all but one highway bridge, these cracks have been confined to the negative-moment region where the top flange is in tension. The slab has provided greater fixity to the top flange, and the adjacent web has experienced more deformation and has cracked first. Fig. 24...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the Ingot Many flaws in wrought products can be traced back to the pouring and solidification of hot metal in molds during production of ingot. Except for forged powder metal components, the starting material in bulk working is a slab, ingot, billet, and so forth produced by casting into stationary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... concrete traffic railings, improving drainage, repairing the concrete slab and piers, retrofitting cross girders, replacing bolts, and installing an antiicing system. These modifications increased the dead load on the bridge by approximately 513,000 kg (1.13 million lb), or 6.1% ( Ref 5 ). Dynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... starvation or without maintenance. Such metallic bearings are manufactured by casting or by conventional machining. Starting materials can be in the form of flat slabs or tubes. Sometimes, porous bronze impregnated with lubricant is used as bearing material. In the recent past, the demand for high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The development of scale during preheating of ingots, slabs, or blooms is almost inevitable due to the required long heating times. Sometimes, descaling operations involving water sprays or preliminary light passes in rolling operations are not totally successful, and scale may get rolled into the metal surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion apply. The condensed liquid fills the pores and debonds the ceramic material, creating thermal-expansion mismatches, weakening, softening, swelling, and slabbing. Sulfur dioxide, usually from combustion or smelting operations, provides good examples of the condensation-corrosion patterns...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2