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short-fiber reinforced polymers

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 10 The effect of nanoparticles on the contact mode for the short fiberreinforced polymer composites (for better illustration purposes: fibers size is too small, and nanoparticles are too large with respect to surface roughness) More
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 6 Schematic of the failure mechanism for the sliding wear of short fiberreinforced polymers. Adapted from Ref 21 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a theoretical synthesis of the literature regarding the wear mechanisms of: Particulate-filled polymers Short fiberreinforced polymers (SFRPs) Polymers with continuous fibers Mixed reinforcements (either with fiber and filler or with two types of fillers known as hybrid composites) and fabrics...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a significant influence on the S - N curves of polymers, and they should be considered when a component is made of polymers. Fiber type, orientation, distribution, and content are important parameters affecting fatigue properties in short-fiber (glass/carbon)-reinforced thermoplastic composites ( Ref 19...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... submerged arc welding SC carbon saturation SCC stress-corrosion cracking SCE standard calomel electrode SCF stress concentration factor SE secondary electrons SEM scanning electron microscopy; second- ary electron microscopy SFRP short fiber reinforced polymer compos- ite S-L short transverse-longitudinal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... being similar to those of the base polymer, at low loadings, to approaching those of the reinforcement, at high loadings. The form of the fiber is very important and has a significant effect on final physical properties. It can be very short, as with milled glass fiber, which would be less than 0.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the lengthwise (axial) direction of the fiber. The design of such processing would not be possible without an understanding of chemical structure. This introductory article describes the various aspects of chemical structure that are important to an understanding of polymer properties and thus their eventual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... level of crystallinity resulting from poor processing practices using this technique. Fiber reinforcement and mineral fillers are often incorporated into polymers to enhance some of their properties or to lower the cost. If a different grade of material with a lower or a higher level...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... fabric filler 25–65 4–9.5 0.4–0.6 6–9 0.87–1 100–160 15–23 60–100 9–15 95–120 HRM PF, cast, no filler 40–65 6–9.5 1.5–2.0 3 0.43 85–115 12–17 75–115 11–17 93–120 HRM Polyester, glass-fiber filler 35–65 5–9.5 … 11–14 1.6–2.0 140–175 20–25 95–115 14–17 … UF, alpha...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... materials. The inspection of these components is substantially different from that of later fiber-reinforced material systems. It was the rapid growth of the composites industry, in both material types and applications, that spawned the need for effective nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or mechanical property as a function of temperature or time at a constant temperature or as a function of temperature. This dependency allows access to processing and performance information relating to resins and fiber-reinforced composites and can be used for quality assurance, process control, and new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-rate capability of the test chamber. ASTM C666, developed for assessing the resistance of concrete freezing and thawing, is also used to assess the resistance of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer and glass-fiber-reinforced polymer wrap systems used to repair (rehabilitate) corrosion-damaged concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Lu Z. , and Hager A.M. , Recent Advances in Polymer Composites’ Tribology , Wear , Vol 190 , 1995 , p 139 – 144 10.1016/0043-1648(96)80012-3 16. Kato T. and Magario A. , The Wear of Aramid Fibre Reinforced Brake Pads: The Role of Aramid Fibres , STLE Trib. Trans...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the statistical reproducibility/repeatability of commercial and proprietary testing laboratories is participation in the ASTM Proficiency Testing Program. This program involves a semiannual characterization of commonly reported (amorphous, semicrystalline, and mineral-filled or glass fiber-reinforced) commodity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the use of solution viscosity in a failure investigation. Solution viscosity techniques are often preferred over MFR when the material of interest is glass-fiber reinforced. A correction factor can be used in solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... parts can be categorized as: Stheets with a flat extruded cross section greater than 0.4 mm (0.016 in.) thick ( Fig. 1a ) Film with a flat extruded cross section less than 0.4 mm (0.016 in.) thick ( Fig. 1a ) Annular extrudates with a hollow circular (tubular) cross section ( Fig. 1b ) Fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The quantitative results obtained during a TGA evaluation directly complement the qualitative information produced by FTIR analysis. The relative loadings of various constituents within a plastic material, including polymers, plasticizers, additives, carbon black, mineral fillers, and glass reinforcement, can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Property Modifiers Fillers Unfilled engineering polymers have several limitations, such as poor tensile strength, compressive strength, modulus, hardness, oil swell, and aging, that confine them from use in real-world engineering applications. To overcome these limitations, polymers are reinforced...