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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... direction. A zone of heavily deformed grains at the fracture edge was revealed by longitudinal metallographic examination. The shearing fractures of a commercially pure titanium screw and a cast cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy were discussed for purpose of comparison. Deformation Surcigal implants...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Three bearing bosses from the cover of scrap shears were sent in for examination. They had torn off the base plate to which they had been welded by fillet welds all around. Two of these were examined. They showed entirely the same symptoms. The bosses had broken away on three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract Failure analysis was performed on threaded Ti-6Al-4V fasteners that had fractured in the threads during installation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical metallography revealed that the fractures initiated in circumferential shear bands present at the thread roots...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... was to determine whether the hose failed during or before the accident. Fracture in the failed clamp was accompanied by obvious permanent deformation and evidence of local shearing at the ends of the perforation where fracture occurred, and in the adjacent perforation. The first test involved tightening the clamps...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A 4340 steel shaft, the driving member of a large rotor subject to cyclic loading and frequent overloads, broke after three weeks of operation. The driving shaft contained a shear groove at which the shaft should break if a sudden high overload occurred, thus preventing damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Explosive cladding is a viable method for cladding different materials together, but the complicated behavior of materials under ballistic impacts raises the probability of interfacial shear failure. To better understand the relationship between impact energy and interfacial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Galvanized A36 steel unsleeved shear-type anchor bolts failed during installation. The galvanized steel bolts were approximately 18 mm (0.7 in.) in diameter with a 90 deg bend between the long and short legs. As-fractured, sawcut, and unfractured specimens were examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... shear stress. Although friction influences other stress components, the effect is relatively insignificant by comparison. It is thus more appropriate to select orthogonal shear stress as the critical stress when assessing subsurface rolling contact fatigue in rolling-sliding systems. bearings cam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A helicopter main rotor bolt failed in the black-coated region between the threads and the taper section of the shank during assembly. The torque applied was approximately 100 N·m (900 in.·lbf) when the bolt sheared. No other bolts were reported to have failed. The failed bolt...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The fracture process proceeds by crack growth toward the surface of the specimen, culminating in a region of slant fracture. Radial marks may or may not be present between the central fibrous zone and the shear zone near the surface. When the central fibrous region is examined at the microscale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the applied load. The fracture process proceeds by crack growth toward the surface of the specimen, culminating in a region of slant fracture. Radial marks may or may not be present between the central fibrous zone and the shear zone near the surface. When the central fibrous region is examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Microstructural features such as voids, adiabatic shear, and structural surface alterations also indicate the explosion intensity and further allow a comparison of the tube structure near and away from the explosion zone. These, and other metallurgical characteristics, are illustrated and discussed for cases...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be remembered that some parts are designed to fracture under certain circumstances. Not doing so may constitute the failure. Shear pins, for example, are commonly used to protect valuable equipment by acting as mechanical fuses. Stress directors in helicopter gearing are also designed so that if gear tooth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a critical level, at least at one critical location. Or it may be that fracture did not occur. It should be remembered that some parts are designed to fracture under certain circumstances. Not doing so may constitute the failure. Shear pins, for example, are commonly used to protect valuable equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the fracture surfaces and the condition of the individual wires revealed that 59% of the wires failed by shear, 39% failed in tension, and 2% had been cut. In addition, 87% of the wires showed some degree of crushing damage, ranging from mild to severe. The failure was attributed to improper installation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...·02 — Fig. 28 Mode of failure of link-joint plates Fig. 29 Surface of fracture shown in Fig. 28 Fig. 30 Showing as-sheared end of plate ×10 Fig. 27 Comparison of bend tests showing brittleness resulting from strain-ageing Fig. 25 Cross section...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., Special Quality; A681: Standard Specification for Tool Steels, Alloy Fig. 11 Geometry of the chamfered and radiused edges used by Lodge Fig. 12 Position of the sheared surface as determined by the extent of overlap Fig. 10 Chamfer dimensions specified by McIntire and Manning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... is the shear modulus. 5 The uncorrected shear stress is calculated from: (Eq 2) τ x = 8 P D m π d 3  in MPa  where P is the load in N . The corrected stress is obtained by multiplying the stress by a correction factor K , which depends on the spring index, C (= D m / d...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A crumpled piece of sheet metal had two cracks in a T-junction shape. The relative locations of shear lips in the cracks allowed deduction of which crack happened first, and which direction the cracks propagated. Cracking (fracturing) Sheet metal Sheet metal Ductile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The potential failure modes are as follows. Possible Causes of Failure 1. Wrinkles and/or Secondary Shear Lines 2. Deficient Silica Phenolic Laminate Properties 3. Nozzle Insulator Structural Design Deficiency 4. Tape Angle Change 5. Deficiency Introduced by Process Changes A. Specifications...